filesystems man page

filesystems — Linux filesystem types: ext, ext2, ext3, ext4, hpfs, iso9660, JFS, minix, msdos, ncpfs nfs, ntfs, proc, Reiserfs, smb, sysv, umsdos, vfat, XFS, xiafs,

Description

When, as is customary, the proc filesystem is mounted on /proc, you can find in the file /proc/filesystems which filesystems your kernel currently supports; see proc(5) for more details. If you need a currently unsupported filesystem, insert the corresponding module or recompile the kernel.

In order to use a filesystem, you have to mount it; see mount(8).

Below a short description of the available or historically available filesystems in the Linux kernel. See kernel documentation for a comprehensive description of all options and limitations.

ext
is an elaborate extension of the minix filesystem. It has been completely superseded by the second version of the extended filesystem (ext2) and has been removed from the kernel (in 2.1.21).
ext2
is the high performance disk filesystem used by Linux for fixed disks as well as removable media. The second extended filesystem was designed as an extension of the extended filesystem (ext). See ext2 (5).
ext3
is a journaling version of the ext2 filesystem. It is easy to switch back and forth between ext2 and ext3. See ext3 (5).
ext4
is a set of upgrades to ext3 including substantial performance and reliability enhancements, plus large increases in volume, file, and directory size limits. See ext4 (5).
hpfs
is the High Performance Filesystem, used in OS/2. This filesystem is read-only under Linux due to the lack of available documentation.
iso9660

is a CD-ROM filesystem type conforming to the ISO 9660 standard.

High Sierra
Linux supports High Sierra, the precursor to the ISO 9660 standard for CD-ROM filesystems. It is automatically recognized within the iso9660 filesystem support under Linux.
Rock Ridge
Linux also supports the System Use Sharing Protocol records specified by the Rock Ridge Interchange Protocol. They are used to further describe the files in the iso9660 filesystem to a UNIX host, and provide information such as long filenames, UID/GID, POSIX permissions, and devices. It is automatically recognized within the iso9660 filesystem support under Linux.
JFS
is a journaling filesystem, developed by IBM, that was integrated into Linux in kernel 2.4.24.
minix
is the filesystem used in the Minix operating system, the first to run under Linux. It has a number of shortcomings, including a 64MB partition size limit, short filenames, and a single timestamp. It remains useful for floppies and RAM disks.
msdos
is the filesystem used by DOS, Windows, and some OS/2 computers. msdos filenames can be no longer than 8 characters, followed by an optional period and 3 character extension.
ncpfs
is a network filesystem that supports the NCP protocol, used by Novell NetWare.

To use ncpfs, you need special programs, which can be found at ftp://linux01.gwdg.de/pub/ncpfs.
nfs
is the network filesystem used to access disks located on remote computers.
ntfs
replaces Microsoft Window's FAT filesystems (VFAT, FAT32). It has reliability, performance, and space-utilization enhancements plus features like ACLs, journaling, encryption, and so on.
proc
is a pseudo filesystem which is used as an interface to kernel data structures rather than reading and interpreting /dev/kmem. In particular, its files do not take disk space. See proc(5).
Reiserfs
is a journaling filesystem, designed by Hans Reiser, that was integrated into Linux in kernel 2.4.1.
smb
is a network filesystem that supports the SMB protocol, used by Windows for Workgroups, Windows NT, and Lan Manager.

To use smb fs, you need a special mount program, which can be found in the ksmbfs package, found at ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/….
sysv
is an implementation of the SystemV/Coherent filesystem for Linux. It implements all of Xenix FS, SystemV/386 FS, and Coherent FS.
umsdos
is an extended DOS filesystem used by Linux. It adds capability for long filenames, UID/GID, POSIX permissions, and special files (devices, named pipes, etc.) under the DOS filesystem, without sacrificing compatibility with DOS.
vfat
is an extended DOS filesystem used by Microsoft Windows95 and Windows NT. vfat adds the capability to use long filenames under the MSDOS filesystem.
XFS
is a journaling filesystem, developed by SGI, that was integrated into Linux in kernel 2.4.20.
xiafs
was designed and implemented to be a stable, safe filesystem by extending the Minix filesystem code. It provides the basic most requested features without undue complexity. The xiafs filesystem is no longer actively developed or maintained. It was removed from the kernel in 2.1.21.

See Also

ext2(5), ext3(5), ext4(5), proc(5), fsck(8), mkfs(8), mount(8)

Colophon

This page is part of release 4.08 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Referenced By

fstab(5), mkfs(8), proc(5), ufiformat(8).

fs(5) is an alias of filesystems(5).

2015-03-29 Linux Linux Programmer's Manual