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client.conf - Man Page

client configuration file for cups (deprecated on macos)


The client.conf file configures the CUPS client and is normally located in the /etc/cups and/or ~/.cups directories. Each line in the file can be a configuration directive, a blank line, or a comment. Comment lines start with the # character.

Note: Starting with macOS 10.7, this file is only used by command-line and X11 applications plus the IPP backend. The ServerName directive is not supported on macOS at all. Starting with macOS 10.12, all applications can access these settings in the /Library/Preferences/org.cups.PrintingPrefs.plist file instead. See the Notes section below for more information.


The following directives are understood by the client. Consult the online help for detailed descriptions:

AllowAnyRoot Yes
AllowAnyRoot No

Specifies whether to allow TLS with certificates that have not been signed by a trusted Certificate Authority. The default is "Yes".

AllowExpiredCerts Yes
AllowExpiredCerts No

Specifies whether to allow TLS with expired certificates. The default is "No".

DigestOptions DenyMD5
DigestOptions None

Specifies HTTP Digest authentication options. DenyMD5 disables support for the original MD5 hash algorithm.

Encryption IfRequested
Encryption Never
Encryption Required

Specifies the level of encryption that should be used.

GSSServiceName name

Specifies the Kerberos service name that is used for authentication, typically "host", "http", or "ipp". CUPS adds the remote hostname ("name@server.example.com") for you. The default name is "http".

ServerName hostname-or-ip-address[:port]
ServerName /domain/socket

Specifies the address and optionally the port to use when connecting to the server. Note: This directive is not supported on macOS 10.7 or later.

ServerName hostname-or-ip-address[:port]/version=1.1

Specifies the address and optionally the port to use when connecting to a server running CUPS 1.3.12 and earlier.

SSLOptions [AllowDH] [AllowRC4] [AllowSSL3] [DenyCBC] [DenyTLS1.0] [MaxTLS1.0] [MaxTLS1.1] [MaxTLS1.2] [MaxTLS1.3] [MinTLS1.0] [MinTLS1.1] [MinTLS1.2] [MinTLS1.3]
SSLOptions None

Sets encryption options (only in /etc/cups/client.conf). By default, CUPS only supports encryption using TLS v1.0 or higher using known secure cipher suites. Security is reduced when Allow options are used. Security is enhanced when Deny options are used. The AllowDH option enables cipher suites using plain Diffie-Hellman key negotiation (not supported on systems using GNU TLS). The AllowRC4 option enables the 128-bit RC4 cipher suites, which are required for some older clients. The AllowSSL3 option enables SSL v3.0, which is required for some older clients that do not support TLS v1.0. The DenyCBC option disables all CBC cipher suites. The DenyTLS1.0 option disables TLS v1.0 support - this sets the minimum protocol version to TLS v1.1. The MinTLS options set the minimum TLS version to support. The MaxTLS options set the maximum TLS version to support. Not all operating systems support TLS 1.3 at this time.

TrustOnFirstUse Yes
TrustOnFirstUse No

Specifies whether to trust new TLS certificates by default. The default is "Yes".

User name

Specifies the default user name to use for requests.

UserAgentTokens None
UserAgentTokens ProductOnly
UserAgentTokens Major
UserAgentTokens Minor
UserAgentTokens Minimal
UserAgentTokens OS
UserAgentTokens Full

Specifies what information is included in the User-Agent header of HTTP requests. "None" disables the User-Agent header. "ProductOnly" reports "CUPS". "Major" reports "CUPS/major IPP/2". "Minor" reports "CUPS/major.minor IPP/2.1". "Minimal" reports "CUPS/major.minor.patch IPP/2.1". "OS" reports "CUPS/major.minor.path (osname osversion) IPP/2.1". "Full" reports "CUPS/major.minor.path (osname osversion; architecture) IPP/2.1". The default is "Minimal".

ValidateCerts Yes
ValidateCerts No

Specifies whether to only allow TLS with certificates whose common name matches the hostname. The default is "No".


The client.conf file is deprecated on macOS and will no longer be supported in a future version of CUPS. Configuration settings can instead be viewed or changed using the defaults(1) command:

defaults write /Library/Preferences/org.cups.PrintingPrefs.plist Encryption Required
defaults write /Library/Preferences/org.cups.PrintingPrefs.plist TrustOnFirstUse -bool NO

defaults read /Library/Preferences/org.cups.PrintingPrefs.plist Encryption

On Linux and other systems using GNU TLS, the /etc/cups/ssl/site.crl file, if present, provides a list of revoked X.509 certificates and is used when validating certificates.

See Also

cups(1), default(1), CUPS Online Help (http://localhost:631/help)

Referenced By


CUPS 2021-02-28 OpenPrinting