remquo man page
Prolog
This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
remquo, remquof, remquol — remainder functions
Synopsis
#include <math.h> double remquo(double x, double y, int *quo); float remquof(float x, float y, int *quo); long double remquol(long double x, long double y, int *quo);
Description
The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.12008 defers to the ISO C standard.
The remquo(), remquof(), and remquol() functions shall compute the same remainder as the remainder(), remainderf(), and remainderl() functions, respectively. In the object pointed to by quo, they store a value whose sign is the sign of x/y and whose magnitude is congruent modulo 2^{n} to the magnitude of the integral quotient of x/y, where n is an implementationdefined integer greater than or equal to 3. If y is zero, the value stored in the object pointed to by quo is unspecified.
An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is nonzero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID  FE_DIVBYZERO  FE_OVERFLOW  FE_UNDERFLOW) is nonzero, an error has occurred.
Return Value
These functions shall return x REM y.
On systems that do not support the IEC 60559 FloatingPoint option, if y is zero, it is implementationdefined whether a domain error occurs or zero is returned.
If x or y is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.
If x is ±Inf or y is zero and the other argument is nonNaN, a domain error shall occur, and a NaN shall be returned.
Errors
These functions shall fail if:
 Domain Error

The x argument is ±Inf, or the y argument is ±0 and the other argument is nonNaN.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the invalid floatingpoint exception shall be raised.
These functions may fail if:
 Domain Error

The y argument is zero.
If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is nonzero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is nonzero, then the invalid floatingpoint exception shall be raised.
The following sections are informative.
Examples
None.
Application Usage
On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be nonzero.
Rationale
These functions are intended for implementing argument reductions which can exploit a few loworder bits of the quotient. Note that x may be so large in magnitude relative to y that an exact representation of the quotient is not practical.
Future Directions
None.
See Also
feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), remainder()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.12008, Section 4.19, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>
Copyright
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2013 Edition, Standard for Information Technology  Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, Copyright (C) 2013 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. (This is POSIX.12008 with the 2013 Technical Corrigendum 1 applied.) In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.unix.org/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/manpages/reporting_bugs.html .