mktime man page

Prolog

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mktime — convert broken-down time into time since the Epoch

Synopsis

#include <time.h>

time_t mktime(struct tm *timeptr);

Description

The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008 defers to the ISO C standard.

The mktime() function shall convert the broken-down time, expressed as local time, in the structure pointed to by timeptr, into a time since the Epoch value with the same encoding as that of the values returned by time(). The original values of the tm_wday and tm_yday components of the structure are ignored, and the original values of the other components are not restricted to the ranges described in <time.h>.

A positive or 0 value for tm_isdst shall cause mktime() to presume initially that Daylight Savings Time, respectively, is or is not in effect for the specified time. A negative value for tm_isdst shall cause mktime() to attempt to determine whether Daylight Savings Time is in effect for the specified time.

Local timezone information shall be set as though mktime() called tzset().

The relationship between the tm structure (defined in the <time.h> header) and the time in seconds since the Epoch is that the result shall be as specified in the expression given in the definition of seconds since the Epoch (see the Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 4.15, Seconds Since the Epoch) corrected for timezone and any seasonal time adjustments, where the names in the structure and in the expression correspond.

Upon successful completion, the values of the tm_wday and tm_yday components of the structure shall be set appropriately, and the other components are set to represent the specified time since the Epoch, but with their values forced to the ranges indicated in the <time.h> entry; the final value of tm_mday shall not be set until tm_mon and tm_year are determined.

Return Value

The mktime() function shall return the specified time since the Epoch encoded as a value of type time_t. If the time since the Epoch cannot be represented, the function shall return the value (time_t)-1 and set errno to indicate the error.

Errors

The mktime() function shall fail if:

EOVERFLOW
The result cannot be represented.

The following sections are informative.

Examples

What day of the week is July 4, 2001?

#include <stdio.h>
#include <time.h>

struct tm time_str;

char daybuf[20];

int main(void)
{
    time_str.tm_year = 2001 — 1900;
    time_str.tm_mon = 7 — 1;
    time_str.tm_mday = 4;
    time_str.tm_hour = 0;
    time_str.tm_min = 0;
    time_str.tm_sec = 1;
    time_str.tm_isdst = -1;
    if (mktime(&time_str) == -1)
        (void)puts("-unknown-");
    else {
        (void)strftime(daybuf, sizeof(daybuf), "%A", &time_str);
        (void)puts(daybuf);
    }
    return 0;
}

See Also

asctime(), clock(), ctime(), difftime(), gmtime(), localtime(), strftime(), strptime(), time(), tzset(), utime()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 4.15, Seconds Since the Epoch, <time.h>

Info

2013 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual