# lround - Man Page

round to nearest integer value

## Prolog

This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.

## Synopsis

#include <math.h> long lround(doublex); long lroundf(floatx); long lroundl(long doublex);

## Description

The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2017 defers to the ISO C standard.

These functions shall round their argument to the nearest integer value, rounding halfway cases away from zero, regardless of the current rounding direction.

An application wishing to check for error situations should set *errno* to zero and call *feclearexcept*(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if *errno* is non-zero or *fetestexcept*(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

## Return Value

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the rounded integer value.

If *x* is NaN, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.

If *x* is +Inf, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.

If *x* is -Inf, a domain error shall occur and an unspecified value is returned.

If the correct value is positive and too large to represent as a **long**, an unspecified value shall be returned. On systems that support the IEC 60559 Floating-Point option, a domain shall occur; otherwise, a domain error may occur.

If the correct value is negative and too large to represent as a **long**, an unspecified value shall be returned. On systems that support the IEC 60559 Floating-Point option, a domain shall occur; otherwise, a domain error may occur.

## Errors

These functions shall fail if:

- Domain Error
The

*x*argument is NaN or ±Inf, or the correct value is not representable as an integer.If the integer expression (

*math_errhandling*& MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then*errno*shall be set to**[EDOM]**. If the integer expression (*math_errhandling*& MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.

These functions may fail if:

- Domain Error
The correct value is not representable as an integer.

If the integer expression (

*math_errhandling*& MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then*errno*shall be set to**[EDOM]**. If the integer expression (*math_errhandling*& MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.

*The following sections are informative.*

## Examples

None.

## Application Usage

On error, the expressions (*math_errhandling* & MATH_ERRNO) and (*math_errhandling* & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

## Rationale

These functions differ from the *lrint*() functions in the default rounding direction, with the *lround*() functions rounding halfway cases away from zero and needing not to raise the inexact floating-point exception for non-integer arguments that round to within the range of the return type.

## Future Directions

None.

## See Also

feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), llround()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2017, *Section 4.20*, *Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions*, <math.h>

## Copyright

Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright (C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .

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