log10 man page

Prolog

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log10, log10f, log10l — base 10 logarithm function

Synopsis

#include <math.h>

double log10(double x);
float log10f(float x);
long double log10l(long double x);

Description

The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008 defers to the ISO C standard.

These functions shall compute the base 10 logarithm of their argument x, log10(x).

An application wishing to check for error situations should set errno to zero and call feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT) before calling these functions. On return, if errno is non-zero or fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW | FE_UNDERFLOW) is non-zero, an error has occurred.

Return Value

Upon successful completion, these functions shall return the base 10 logarithm of x.

If x is ±0, a pole error shall occur and log10(), log10f(), and log10l() shall return -HUGE_VAL, -HUGE_VALF, and -HUGE_VALL, respectively.

For finite values of x that are less than 0, or if x is -Inf, a domain error shall occur, and either a NaN (if supported), or an implementation-defined value shall be returned.

If x is NaN, a NaN shall be returned.

If x is 1, +0 shall be returned.

If x is +Inf, +Inf shall be returned.

Errors

These functions shall fail if:

Domain Error

The finite value of x is negative, or x is -Inf.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [EDOM]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the invalid floating-point exception shall be raised.

Pole Error

The value of x is zero.

If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) is non-zero, then errno shall be set to [ERANGE]. If the integer expression (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) is non-zero, then the divide-by-zero floating-point exception shall be raised.

The following sections are informative.

Application Usage

On error, the expressions (math_errhandling & MATH_ERRNO) and (math_errhandling & MATH_ERREXCEPT) are independent of each other, but at least one of them must be non-zero.

See Also

feclearexcept(), fetestexcept(), isnan(), log(), pow()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, Section 4.19, Treatment of Error Conditions for Mathematical Functions, <math.h>

Info

2013 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual