localeconv man page

Prolog

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localeconv — return locale-specific information

Synopsis

#include <locale.h>

struct lconv *localeconv(void);

Description

The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1‐2008 defers to the ISO C standard.

The localeconv() function shall set the components of an object with the type struct lconv with the values appropriate for the formatting of numeric quantities (monetary and otherwise) according to the rules of the current locale.

The members of the structure with type char * are pointers to strings, any of which (except decimal_point) can point to "", to indicate that the value is not available in the current locale or is of zero length. The members with type char are non-negative numbers, any of which can be {CHAR_MAX} to indicate that the value is not available in the current locale.

The members include the following:

char *decimal_point
The radix character used to format non-monetary quantities.
char *thousands_sep
The character used to separate groups of digits before the decimal-point character in formatted non-monetary quantities.
char *grouping
A string whose elements taken as one-byte integer values indicate the size of each group of digits in formatted non-monetary quantities.
char *int_curr_symbol
The international currency symbol applicable to the current locale. The first three characters contain the alphabetic international currency symbol in accordance with those specified in the ISO 4217:2001 standard. The fourth character (immediately preceding the null byte) is the character used to separate the international currency symbol from the monetary quantity.
char *currency_symbol
The local currency symbol applicable to the current locale.
char *mon_decimal_point
The radix character used to format monetary quantities.
char *mon_thousands_sep
The separator for groups of digits before the decimal-point in formatted monetary quantities.
char *mon_grouping
A string whose elements taken as one-byte integer values indicate the size of each group of digits in formatted monetary quantities.
char *positive_sign
The string used to indicate a non-negative valued formatted monetary quantity.
char *negative_sign
The string used to indicate a negative valued formatted monetary quantity.
char int_frac_digits
The number of fractional digits (those after the decimal-point) to be displayed in an internationally formatted monetary quantity.
char frac_digits
The number of fractional digits (those after the decimal-point) to be displayed in a formatted monetary quantity.
char p_cs_precedes
Set to 1 if the currency_symbol precedes the value for a non-negative formatted monetary quantity. Set to 0 if the symbol succeeds the value.
char p_sep_by_space
Set to a value indicating the separation of the currency_symbol, the sign string, and the value for a non-negative formatted monetary quantity.
char n_cs_precedes
Set to 1 if the currency_symbol precedes the value for a negative formatted monetary quantity. Set to 0 if the symbol succeeds the value.
char n_sep_by_space
Set to a value indicating the separation of the currency_symbol, the sign string, and the value for a negative formatted monetary quantity.
char p_sign_posn
Set to a value indicating the positioning of the positive_sign for a non-negative formatted monetary quantity.
char n_sign_posn
Set to a value indicating the positioning of the negative_sign for a negative formatted monetary quantity.
char int_p_cs_precedes
Set to 1 or 0 if the int_curr_symbol respectively precedes or succeeds the value for a non-negative internationally formatted monetary quantity.
char int_n_cs_precedes
Set to 1 or 0 if the int_curr_symbol respectively precedes or succeeds the value for a negative internationally formatted monetary quantity.
char int_p_sep_by_space
Set to a value indicating the separation of the int_curr_symbol, the sign string, and the value for a non-negative internationally formatted monetary quantity.
char int_n_sep_by_space
Set to a value indicating the separation of the int_curr_symbol, the sign string, and the value for a negative internationally formatted monetary quantity.
char int_p_sign_posn
Set to a value indicating the positioning of the positive_sign for a non-negative internationally formatted monetary quantity.
char int_n_sign_posn
Set to a value indicating the positioning of the negative_sign for a negative internationally formatted monetary quantity.

The elements of grouping and mon_grouping are interpreted according to the following:

{CHAR_MAX}
No further grouping is to be performed.
0
The previous element is to be repeatedly used for the remainder of the digits.
other
The integer value is the number of digits that comprise the current group. The next element is examined to determine the size of the next group of digits before the current group.

The values of p_sep_by_space, n_sep_by_space, int_p_sep_by_space, and int_n_sep_by_space are interpreted according to the following:

0
No space separates the currency symbol and value.
1
If the currency symbol and sign string are adjacent, a space separates them from the value; otherwise, a space separates the currency symbol from the value.
2
If the currency symbol and sign string are adjacent, a space separates them; otherwise, a space separates the sign string from the value.

For int_p_sep_by_space and int_n_sep_by_space, the fourth character of int_curr_symbol is used instead of a space.

The values of p_sign_posn, n_sign_posn, int_p_sign_posn, and int_n_sign_posn are interpreted according to the following:

0
Parentheses surround the quantity and currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.
1
The sign string precedes the quantity and currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.
2
The sign string succeeds the quantity and currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.
3
The sign string immediately precedes the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.
4
The sign string immediately succeeds the currency_symbol or int_curr_symbol.

The implementation shall behave as if no function in this volume of POSIX.1‐2008 calls localeconv().

The localeconv() function need not be thread-safe.

Return Value

The localeconv() function shall return a pointer to the filled-in object. The application shall not modify the structure to which the return value points, nor any storage areas pointed to by pointers within the structure. The returned pointer, and pointers within the structure, might be invalidated or the structure or the storage areas might be overwritten by a subsequent call to localeconv(). In addition, the returned pointer, and pointers within the structure, might be invalidated or the structure or the storage areas might be overwritten by subsequent calls to setlocale() with the categories LC_ALL, LC_MONETARY, or LC_NUMERIC, or by calls to uselocale() which change the categories LC_MONETARY or LC_NUMERIC.

Errors

No errors are defined.

The following sections are informative.

Application Usage

The following table illustrates the rules which may be used by four countries to format monetary quantities.

CountryPositive FormatNegative FormatInternational Format
Italy€.1.230-€.1.230EUR.1.230
Netherlands€ 1.234,56€ -1.234,56EUR 1.234,56
Norwaykr1.234,56kr1.234,56-NOK 1.234,56
SwitzerlandSFrs.1,234.56SFrs.1,234.56CCHF 1,234.56

For these four countries, the respective values for the monetary members of the structure returned by localeconv() are:

ItalyNetherlandsNorwaySwitzerland
int_curr_symbol"EUR.""EUR ""NOK ""CHF "
currency_symbol"€.""€""kr""SFrs."
mon_decimal_point""","",""."
mon_thousands_sep"."".""."","
mon_grouping"\3""\3""\3""\3"
positive_sign""""""""
negative_sign"-""-""-""C"
int_frac_digits0222
frac_digits0222
p_cs_precedes1111
p_sep_by_space0100
n_cs_precedes1111
n_sep_by_space0100
p_sign_posn1111
n_sign_posn1422
int_p_cs_precedes1111
int_n_cs_precedes1111
int_p_sep_by_space0000
int_n_sep_by_space0000
int_p_sign_posn1111
int_n_sign_posn1442

See Also

fprintf(), fscanf(), isalpha(), isascii(), nl_langinfo(), setlocale(), strcat(), strchr(), strcmp(), strcoll(), strcpy(), strftime(), strlen(), strpbrk(), strspn(), strtok(), strxfrm(), strtod(), uselocale()

The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1‐2008, <langinfo.h>, <locale.h>

Info

2013 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual