This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.
#include <dlfcn.h> char *dlerror(void);
The dlerror() function shall return a null-terminated character string (with no trailing <newline>) that describes the last error that occurred during dynamic linking processing. If no dynamic linking errors have occurred since the last invocation of dlerror(), dlerror() shall return NULL. Thus, invoking dlerror() a second time, immediately following a prior invocation, shall result in NULL being returned.
It is implementation-defined whether or not the dlerror() function is thread-safe. A thread-safe implementation shall return only errors that occur on the current thread.
If successful, dlerror() shall return a null-terminated character string; otherwise, NULL shall be returned.
The application shall not modify the string returned. The returned pointer might be invalidated or the string content might be overwritten by a subsequent call to dlerror() in the same thread (if dlerror() is thread-safe) or in any thread (if dlerror() is not thread-safe). The returned pointer might also be invalidated if the calling thread is terminated.
No errors are defined.
The following sections are informative.
The following example prints out the last dynamic linking error:
... #include <dlfcn.h> char *errstr; errstr = dlerror(); if (errstr != NULL) printf ("A dynamic linking error occurred: (%s)\n", errstr); ...
Depending on the application environment with respect to asynchronous execution events, such as signals or other asynchronous computation sharing the address space, conforming applications should use a critical section to retrieve the error pointer and buffer.
dlclose(), dlopen(), dlsym()
The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2017, <dlfcn.h>
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1-2017, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Specifications Issue 7, 2018 Edition, Copyright (C) 2018 by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the referee document. The original Standard can be obtained online at http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html .
Any typographical or formatting errors that appear in this page are most likely to have been introduced during the conversion of the source files to man page format. To report such errors, see https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/reporting_bugs.html .
dlclose(3p), dlfcn.h(0p), dlopen(3p), dlsym(3p).