atoi - Man Page

convert a string to an integer


This manual page is part of the POSIX Programmer's Manual. The Linux implementation of this interface may differ (consult the corresponding Linux manual page for details of Linux behavior), or the interface may not be implemented on Linux.


#include <stdlib.h>

int atoi(const char *str);


The functionality described on this reference page is aligned with the ISO C standard. Any conflict between the requirements described here and the ISO C standard is unintentional. This volume of POSIX.1-2017 defers to the ISO C standard.

The call atoi(str) shall be equivalent to:

(int) strtol(str, (char **)NULL, 10)

except that the handling of errors may differ. If the value cannot be represented, the behavior is undefined.

Return Value

The atoi() function shall return the converted value if the value can be represented.


No errors are defined.

The following sections are informative.


Converting an Argument

The following example checks for proper usage of the program. If there is an argument and the decimal conversion of this argument (obtained using atoi()) is greater than 0, then the program has a valid number of minutes to wait for an event.

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
int minutes_to_event;
if (argc < 2 || ((minutes_to_event = atoi (argv[1]))) <= 0) {
   fprintf(stderr, "Usage: %s minutes\n", argv[0]); exit(1);

Application Usage

The atoi() function is subsumed by strtol() but is retained because it is used extensively in existing code. If the number is not known to be in range, strtol() should be used because atoi() is not required to perform any error checking.



Future Directions


See Also


The Base Definitions volume of POSIX.1-2017, <stdlib.h>

Referenced By


2017 IEEE/The Open Group POSIX Programmer's Manual