zstr man page

zstr — sending and receiving strings

Synopsis

//  This is a stable class, and may not change except for emergencies. It
//  is provided in stable builds.
//  This class has draft methods, which may change over time. They are not
//  in stable releases, by default. Use --enable-drafts to enable.
//  Receive C string from socket. Caller must free returned string using
//  zstr_free(). Returns NULL if the context is being terminated or the
//  process was interrupted.
//  Caller owns return value and must destroy it when done.
CZMQ_EXPORT char *
    zstr_recv (void *source);

//  Receive a series of strings (until NULL) from multipart data.
//  Each string is allocated and filled with string data; if there
//  are not enough frames, unallocated strings are set to NULL.
//  Returns -1 if the message could not be read, else returns the
//  number of strings filled, zero or more. Free each returned string
//  using zstr_free(). If not enough strings are provided, remaining
//  multipart frames in the message are dropped.
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zstr_recvx (void *source, char **string_p, ...);

//  Send a C string to a socket, as a frame. The string is sent without
//  trailing null byte; to read this you can use zstr_recv, or a similar
//  method that adds a null terminator on the received string. String
//  may be NULL, which is sent as "".
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zstr_send (void *dest, const char *string);

//  Send a C string to a socket, as zstr_send(), with a MORE flag, so that
//  you can send further strings in the same multi-part message.
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zstr_sendm (void *dest, const char *string);

//  Send a formatted string to a socket. Note that you should NOT use
//  user-supplied strings in the format (they may contain '%' which
//  will create security holes).
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zstr_sendf (void *dest, const char *format, ...) CHECK_PRINTF (2);

//  Send a formatted string to a socket, as for zstr_sendf(), with a
//  MORE flag, so that you can send further strings in the same multi-part
//  message.
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zstr_sendfm (void *dest, const char *format, ...) CHECK_PRINTF (2);

//  Send a series of strings (until NULL) as multipart data
//  Returns 0 if the strings could be sent OK, or -1 on error.
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zstr_sendx (void *dest, const char *string, ...);

//  Free a provided string, and nullify the parent pointer. Safe to call on
//  a null pointer.
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zstr_free (char **string_p);

//  Self test of this class.
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zstr_test (bool verbose);

#ifdef CZMQ_BUILD_DRAFT_API
//  *** Draft method, for development use, may change without warning ***
//  Accepts a void pointer and returns a fresh character string. If source
//  is null, returns an empty string.
//  Caller owns return value and must destroy it when done.
CZMQ_EXPORT char *
    zstr_str (void *source);

#endif // CZMQ_BUILD_DRAFT_API

Description

The zstr class provides utility functions for sending and receiving C strings across 0MQ sockets. It sends strings without a terminating null, and appends a null byte on received strings. This class is for simple message sending.

       Memory                       Wire
       +-------------+---+          +---+-------------+
Send   | S t r i n g | 0 |  ---->   | 6 | S t r i n g |
       +-------------+---+          +---+-------------+
       Wire                         Heap
       +---+-------------+          +-------------+---+
Recv   | 6 | S t r i n g |  ---->   | S t r i n g | 0 |
       +---+-------------+          +-------------+---+

Example

From zstr_test method.

//  Create two PAIR sockets and connect over inproc
zsock_t *output = zsock_new_pair ("@inproc://zstr.test");
assert (output);
zsock_t *input = zsock_new_pair (">inproc://zstr.test");
assert (input);

//  Send ten strings, five strings with MORE flag and then END
int string_nbr;
for (string_nbr = 0; string_nbr < 10; string_nbr++)
    zstr_sendf (output, "this is string %d", string_nbr);
zstr_sendx (output, "This", "is", "almost", "the", "very", "END", NULL);

//  Read and count until we receive END
string_nbr = 0;
for (string_nbr = 0;; string_nbr++) {
    char *string = zstr_recv (input);
    assert (string);
    if (streq (string, "END")) {
        zstr_free (&string);
        break;
    }
    zstr_free (&string);
}
assert (string_nbr == 15);

zsock_destroy (&input);
zsock_destroy (&output);

#if defined (ZMQ_SERVER)
//  Test SERVER/CLIENT over zstr
zsock_t *server = zsock_new_server ("inproc://zstr-test-routing");
zsock_t *client = zsock_new_client ("inproc://zstr-test-routing");;
assert (server);
assert (client);

//  Try normal ping-pong to check reply routing ID
int rc = zstr_send (client, "Hello");
assert (rc == 0);
char *request = zstr_recv (server);
assert (streq (request, "Hello"));
assert (zsock_routing_id (server));
free (request);

rc = zstr_send (server, "World");
assert (rc == 0);
char *reply = zstr_recv (client);
assert (streq (reply, "World"));
free (reply);

rc = zstr_sendf (server, "%s", "World");
assert (rc == 0);
reply = zstr_recv (client);
assert (streq (reply, "World"));
free (reply);

//  Try ping-pong using sendx and recx
rc = zstr_sendx (client, "Hello", NULL);
assert (rc == 0);
rc = zstr_recvx (server, &request, NULL);
assert (rc >= 0);
assert (streq (request, "Hello"));
free (request);

rc = zstr_sendx (server, "World", NULL);
assert (rc == 0);
rc = zstr_recvx (client, &reply, NULL);
assert (rc >= 0);
assert (streq (reply, "World"));
free (reply);

//  Client and server disallow multipart
rc = zstr_sendm (client, "Hello");
assert (rc == -1);
rc = zstr_sendm (server, "World");
assert (rc == -1);

zsock_destroy (&client);
zsock_destroy (&server);
#endif

Authors

The czmq manual was written by the authors in the Authors file.

Resources

Main web site:

Report bugs to the email <zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org[1]>

Notes

1.

zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org

mailto:zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org

Referenced By

czmq(7).

11/11/2016 CZMQ 4.0.1 CZMQ Manual