# zlatrd.f man page

zlatrd.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinezlatrd(UPLO, N, NB, A, LDA, E, TAU, W, LDW)ZLATRDreduces the first nb rows and columns of a symmetric/Hermitian matrix A to real tridiagonal form by an unitary similarity transformation.

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine zlatrd (characterUPLO, integerN, integerNB, complex*16, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, double precision, dimension( * )E, complex*16, dimension( * )TAU, complex*16, dimension( ldw, * )W, integerLDW)

**ZLATRD** reduces the first nb rows and columns of a symmetric/Hermitian matrix A to real tridiagonal form by an unitary similarity transformation.

**Purpose:**

```
ZLATRD reduces NB rows and columns of a complex Hermitian matrix A to
Hermitian tridiagonal form by a unitary similarity
transformation Q**H * A * Q, and returns the matrices V and W which are
needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of A.
If UPLO = 'U', ZLATRD reduces the last NB rows and columns of a
matrix, of which the upper triangle is supplied;
if UPLO = 'L', ZLATRD reduces the first NB rows and columns of a
matrix, of which the lower triangle is supplied.
This is an auxiliary routine called by ZHETRD.
```

**Parameters:**

*UPLO*

```
UPLO is CHARACTER*1
Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
Hermitian matrix A is stored:
= 'U': Upper triangular
= 'L': Lower triangular
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.
```

*NB*

```
NB is INTEGER
The number of rows and columns to be reduced.
```

*A*

```
A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading
n-by-n upper triangular part of A contains the upper
triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower
triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the
leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower
triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper
triangular part of A is not referenced.
On exit:
if UPLO = 'U', the last NB columns have been reduced to
tridiagonal form, with the diagonal elements overwriting
the diagonal elements of A; the elements above the diagonal
with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a
product of elementary reflectors;
if UPLO = 'L', the first NB columns have been reduced to
tridiagonal form, with the diagonal elements overwriting
the diagonal elements of A; the elements below the diagonal
with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a
product of elementary reflectors.
See Further Details.
```

*LDA*

```
LDA is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
```

*E*

```
E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N-1)
If UPLO = 'U', E(n-nb:n-1) contains the superdiagonal
elements of the last NB columns of the reduced matrix;
if UPLO = 'L', E(1:nb) contains the subdiagonal elements of
the first NB columns of the reduced matrix.
```

*TAU*

```
TAU is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N-1)
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors, stored in
TAU(n-nb:n-1) if UPLO = 'U', and in TAU(1:nb) if UPLO = 'L'.
See Further Details.
```

*W*

```
W is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDW,NB)
The n-by-nb matrix W required to update the unreduced part
of A.
```

*LDW*

```
LDW is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array W. LDW >= max(1,N).
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

September 2012

**Further Details:**

```
If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
reflectors
Q = H(n) H(n-1) . . . H(n-nb+1).
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I - tau * v * v**H
where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
v(i:n) = 0 and v(i-1) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in A(1:i-1,i),
and tau in TAU(i-1).
If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
reflectors
Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(nb).
Each H(i) has the form
H(i) = I - tau * v * v**H
where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+1:n) is stored on exit in A(i+1:n,i),
and tau in TAU(i).
The elements of the vectors v together form the n-by-nb matrix V
which is needed, with W, to apply the transformation to the unreduced
part of the matrix, using a Hermitian rank-2k update of the form:
A := A - V*W**H - W*V**H.
The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples
with n = 5 and nb = 2:
if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L':
( a a a v4 v5 ) ( d )
( a a v4 v5 ) ( 1 d )
( a 1 v5 ) ( v1 1 a )
( d 1 ) ( v1 v2 a a )
( d ) ( v1 v2 a a a )
where d denotes a diagonal element of the reduced matrix, a denotes
an element of the original matrix that is unchanged, and vi denotes
an element of the vector defining H(i).
```

Definition at line 200 of file zlatrd.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

zlatrd(3) is an alias of zlatrd.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK