zhgeqz.f man page

zhgeqz.f

Synopsis

Functions/Subroutines

subroutine zhgeqz (JOB, COMPQ, COMPZ, N, ILO, IHI, H, LDH, T, LDT, ALPHA, BETA, Q, LDQ, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, RWORK, INFO)
ZHGEQZ

Function/Subroutine Documentation

subroutine zhgeqz (character JOB, character COMPQ, character COMPZ, integer N, integer ILO, integer IHI, complex*16, dimension( ldh, * ) H, integer LDH, complex*16, dimension( ldt, * ) T, integer LDT, complex*16, dimension( * ) ALPHA, complex*16, dimension( * ) BETA, complex*16, dimension( ldq, * ) Q, integer LDQ, complex*16, dimension( ldz, * ) Z, integer LDZ, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, double precision, dimension( * ) RWORK, integer INFO)

ZHGEQZ  

Purpose:

 ZHGEQZ computes the eigenvalues of a complex matrix pair (H,T),
 where H is an upper Hessenberg matrix and T is upper triangular,
 using the single-shift QZ method.
 Matrix pairs of this type are produced by the reduction to
 generalized upper Hessenberg form of a complex matrix pair (A,B):

    A = Q1*H*Z1**H,  B = Q1*T*Z1**H,

 as computed by ZGGHRD.

 If JOB='S', then the Hessenberg-triangular pair (H,T) is
 also reduced to generalized Schur form,

    H = Q*S*Z**H,  T = Q*P*Z**H,

 where Q and Z are unitary matrices and S and P are upper triangular.

 Optionally, the unitary matrix Q from the generalized Schur
 factorization may be postmultiplied into an input matrix Q1, and the
 unitary matrix Z may be postmultiplied into an input matrix Z1.
 If Q1 and Z1 are the unitary matrices from ZGGHRD that reduced
 the matrix pair (A,B) to generalized Hessenberg form, then the output
 matrices Q1*Q and Z1*Z are the unitary factors from the generalized
 Schur factorization of (A,B):

    A = (Q1*Q)*S*(Z1*Z)**H,  B = (Q1*Q)*P*(Z1*Z)**H.

 To avoid overflow, eigenvalues of the matrix pair (H,T)
 (equivalently, of (A,B)) are computed as a pair of complex values
 (alpha,beta).  If beta is nonzero, lambda = alpha / beta is an
 eigenvalue of the generalized nonsymmetric eigenvalue problem (GNEP)
    A*x = lambda*B*x
 and if alpha is nonzero, mu = beta / alpha is an eigenvalue of the
 alternate form of the GNEP
    mu*A*y = B*y.
 The values of alpha and beta for the i-th eigenvalue can be read
 directly from the generalized Schur form:  alpha = S(i,i),
 beta = P(i,i).

 Ref: C.B. Moler & G.W. Stewart, "An Algorithm for Generalized Matrix
      Eigenvalue Problems", SIAM J. Numer. Anal., 10(1973),
      pp. 241--256.
Parameters:

JOB

          JOB is CHARACTER*1
          = 'E': Compute eigenvalues only;
          = 'S': Computer eigenvalues and the Schur form.

COMPQ

          COMPQ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N': Left Schur vectors (Q) are not computed;
          = 'I': Q is initialized to the unit matrix and the matrix Q
                 of left Schur vectors of (H,T) is returned;
          = 'V': Q must contain a unitary matrix Q1 on entry and
                 the product Q1*Q is returned.

COMPZ

          COMPZ is CHARACTER*1
          = 'N': Right Schur vectors (Z) are not computed;
          = 'I': Q is initialized to the unit matrix and the matrix Z
                 of right Schur vectors of (H,T) is returned;
          = 'V': Z must contain a unitary matrix Z1 on entry and
                 the product Z1*Z is returned.

N

          N is INTEGER
          The order of the matrices H, T, Q, and Z.  N >= 0.

ILO

          ILO is INTEGER

IHI

          IHI is INTEGER
          ILO and IHI mark the rows and columns of H which are in
          Hessenberg form.  It is assumed that A is already upper
          triangular in rows and columns 1:ILO-1 and IHI+1:N.
          If N > 0, 1 <= ILO <= IHI <= N; if N = 0, ILO=1 and IHI=0.

H

          H is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDH, N)
          On entry, the N-by-N upper Hessenberg matrix H.
          On exit, if JOB = 'S', H contains the upper triangular
          matrix S from the generalized Schur factorization.
          If JOB = 'E', the diagonal of H matches that of S, but
          the rest of H is unspecified.

LDH

          LDH is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array H.  LDH >= max( 1, N ).

T

          T is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDT, N)
          On entry, the N-by-N upper triangular matrix T.
          On exit, if JOB = 'S', T contains the upper triangular
          matrix P from the generalized Schur factorization.
          If JOB = 'E', the diagonal of T matches that of P, but
          the rest of T is unspecified.

LDT

          LDT is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array T.  LDT >= max( 1, N ).

ALPHA

          ALPHA is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          The complex scalars alpha that define the eigenvalues of
          GNEP.  ALPHA(i) = S(i,i) in the generalized Schur
          factorization.

BETA

          BETA is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N)
          The real non-negative scalars beta that define the
          eigenvalues of GNEP.  BETA(i) = P(i,i) in the generalized
          Schur factorization.

          Together, the quantities alpha = ALPHA(j) and beta = BETA(j)
          represent the j-th eigenvalue of the matrix pair (A,B), in
          one of the forms lambda = alpha/beta or mu = beta/alpha.
          Since either lambda or mu may overflow, they should not,
          in general, be computed.

Q

          Q is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDQ, N)
          On entry, if COMPQ = 'V', the unitary matrix Q1 used in the
          reduction of (A,B) to generalized Hessenberg form.
          On exit, if COMPQ = 'I', the unitary matrix of left Schur
          vectors of (H,T), and if COMPQ = 'V', the unitary matrix of
          left Schur vectors of (A,B).
          Not referenced if COMPQ = 'N'.

LDQ

          LDQ is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array Q.  LDQ >= 1.
          If COMPQ='V' or 'I', then LDQ >= N.

Z

          Z is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDZ, N)
          On entry, if COMPZ = 'V', the unitary matrix Z1 used in the
          reduction of (A,B) to generalized Hessenberg form.
          On exit, if COMPZ = 'I', the unitary matrix of right Schur
          vectors of (H,T), and if COMPZ = 'V', the unitary matrix of
          right Schur vectors of (A,B).
          Not referenced if COMPZ = 'N'.

LDZ

          LDZ is INTEGER
          The leading dimension of the array Z.  LDZ >= 1.
          If COMPZ='V' or 'I', then LDZ >= N.

WORK

          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
          On exit, if INFO >= 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

LWORK

          LWORK is INTEGER
          The dimension of the array WORK.  LWORK >= max(1,N).

          If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
          only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
          this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
          message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

RWORK

          RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)

INFO

          INFO is INTEGER
          = 0: successful exit
          < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
          = 1,...,N: the QZ iteration did not converge.  (H,T) is not
                     in Schur form, but ALPHA(i) and BETA(i),
                     i=INFO+1,...,N should be correct.
          = N+1,...,2*N: the shift calculation failed.  (H,T) is not
                     in Schur form, but ALPHA(i) and BETA(i),
                     i=INFO-N+1,...,N should be correct.
Author:

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Date:

April 2012

Further Details:

  We assume that complex ABS works as long as its value is less than
  overflow.

Definition at line 286 of file zhgeqz.f.

Author

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Referenced By

The man page zhgeqz(3) is an alias of zhgeqz.f(3).

Tue Nov 14 2017 Version 3.8.0 LAPACK