# zhetrd.f - Man Page

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine **zhetrd** (UPLO, **N**, A, **LDA**, D, E, TAU, WORK, LWORK, INFO)**ZHETRD**

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine zhetrd (character UPLO, integer N, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, double precision, dimension( * ) D, double precision, dimension( * ) E, complex*16, dimension( * ) TAU, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

**ZHETRD**

**Purpose:**

ZHETRD reduces a complex Hermitian matrix A to real symmetric tridiagonal form T by a unitary similarity transformation: Q**H * A * Q = T.

**Parameters:***UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*A*A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, if UPLO = 'U', the diagonal and first superdiagonal of A are overwritten by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements above the first superdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; if UPLO = 'L', the diagonal and first subdiagonal of A are over- written by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors. See Further Details.

*LDA*LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).

*D*D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) The diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: D(i) = A(i,i).

*E*E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N-1) The off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: E(i) = A(i,i+1) if UPLO = 'U', E(i) = A(i+1,i) if UPLO = 'L'.

*TAU*TAU is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N-1) The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors (see Further Details).

*WORK*WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= 1. For optimum performance LWORK >= N*NB, where NB is the optimal blocksize. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Author:**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**December 2016

**Further Details:**

If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors Q = H(n-1) . . . H(2) H(1). Each H(i) has the form H(i) = I - tau * v * v**H where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with v(i+1:n) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in A(1:i-1,i+1), and tau in TAU(i). If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n-1). Each H(i) has the form H(i) = I - tau * v * v**H where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in A(i+2:n,i), and tau in TAU(i). The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples with n = 5: if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L': ( d e v2 v3 v4 ) ( d ) ( d e v3 v4 ) ( e d ) ( d e v4 ) ( v1 e d ) ( d e ) ( v1 v2 e d ) ( d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d ) where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of T, and vi denotes an element of the vector defining H(i).

Definition at line 194 of file zhetrd.f.

## Author

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## Referenced By

The man page zhetrd(3) is an alias of zhetrd.f(3).

Tue Nov 14 2017 Version 3.8.0 LAPACK