# zhesv_rk.f - Man Page

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine **zhesv_rk** (UPLO, **N**, **NRHS**, A, **LDA**, E, IPIV, B, **LDB**, WORK, LWORK, INFO)

**ZHESV_RK computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for SY matrices**

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine zhesv_rk (character UPLO, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( * ) E, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, integer LWORK, integer INFO)

**ZHESV_RK computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for SY matrices**

**Purpose:**

ZHESV_RK computes the solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B, where A is an N-by-N Hermitian matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. The bounded Bunch-Kaufman (rook) diagonal pivoting method is used to factor A as A = P*U*D*(U**H)*(P**T), if UPLO = 'U', or A = P*L*D*(L**H)*(P**T), if UPLO = 'L', where U (or L) is unit upper (or lower) triangular matrix, U**H (or L**H) is the conjugate of U (or L), P is a permutation matrix, P**T is the transpose of P, and D is Hermitian and block diagonal with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks. ZHETRF_RK is called to compute the factorization of a complex Hermitian matrix. The factored form of A is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B by calling BLAS3 routine ZHETRS_3.

**Parameters:***UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the Hermitian matrix A is stored: = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.

*N*N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*NRHS*NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.

*A*A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the Hermitian matrix A. If UPLO = 'U': the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L': the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit, if INFO = 0, diagonal of the block diagonal matrix D and factors U or L as computed by ZHETRF_RK: a) ONLY diagonal elements of the Hermitian block diagonal matrix D on the diagonal of A, i.e. D(k,k) = A(k,k); (superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of D are stored on exit in array E), and b) If UPLO = 'U': factor U in the superdiagonal part of A. If UPLO = 'L': factor L in the subdiagonal part of A. For more info see the description of ZHETRF_RK routine.

*LDA*LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).

*E*E is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (N) On exit, contains the output computed by the factorization routine ZHETRF_RK, i.e. the superdiagonal (or subdiagonal) elements of the Hermitian block diagonal matrix D with 1-by-1 or 2-by-2 diagonal blocks, where If UPLO = 'U': E(i) = D(i-1,i), i=2:N, E(1) is set to 0; If UPLO = 'L': E(i) = D(i+1,i), i=1:N-1, E(N) is set to 0. NOTE: For 1-by-1 diagonal block D(k), where 1 <= k <= N, the element E(k) is set to 0 in both UPLO = 'U' or UPLO = 'L' cases. For more info see the description of ZHETRF_RK routine.

*IPIV*IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) Details of the interchanges and the block structure of D, as determined by ZHETRF_RK. For more info see the description of ZHETRF_RK routine.

*B*B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.

*LDB*LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

*WORK*WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( MAX(1,LWORK) ). Work array used in the factorization stage. On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The length of WORK. LWORK >= 1. For best performance of factorization stage LWORK >= max(1,N*NB), where NB is the optimal blocksize for ZHETRF_RK. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array for factorization stage, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: If INFO = -k, the k-th argument had an illegal value > 0: If INFO = k, the matrix A is singular, because: If UPLO = 'U': column k in the upper triangular part of A contains all zeros. If UPLO = 'L': column k in the lower triangular part of A contains all zeros. Therefore D(k,k) is exactly zero, and superdiagonal elements of column k of U (or subdiagonal elements of column k of L ) are all zeros. The factorization has been completed, but the block diagonal matrix D is exactly singular, and division by zero will occur if it is used to solve a system of equations. NOTE: INFO only stores the first occurrence of a singularity, any subsequent occurrence of singularity is not stored in INFO even though the factorization always completes.

**Author:**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**December 2016

**Contributors:**

December 2016, Igor Kozachenko, Computer Science Division, University of California, Berkeley September 2007, Sven Hammarling, Nicholas J. Higham, Craig Lucas, School of Mathematics, University of Manchester

Definition at line 230 of file zhesv_rk.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

The man page zhesv_rk(3) is an alias of zhesv_rk.f(3).

Tue Nov 14 2017 Version 3.8.0 LAPACK