# zgghrd.f man page

zgghrd.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinezgghrd(COMPQ, COMPZ, N, ILO, IHI, A, LDA, B, LDB, Q, LDQ, Z, LDZ, INFO)ZGGHRD

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine zgghrd (characterCOMPQ, characterCOMPZ, integerN, integerILO, integerIHI, complex*16, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, complex*16, dimension( ldq, * )Q, integerLDQ, complex*16, dimension( ldz, * )Z, integerLDZ, integerINFO)

**ZGGHRD**

**Purpose:**

```
ZGGHRD reduces a pair of complex matrices (A,B) to generalized upper
Hessenberg form using unitary transformations, where A is a
general matrix and B is upper triangular. The form of the
generalized eigenvalue problem is
A*x = lambda*B*x,
and B is typically made upper triangular by computing its QR
factorization and moving the unitary matrix Q to the left side
of the equation.
This subroutine simultaneously reduces A to a Hessenberg matrix H:
Q**H*A*Z = H
and transforms B to another upper triangular matrix T:
Q**H*B*Z = T
in order to reduce the problem to its standard form
H*y = lambda*T*y
where y = Z**H*x.
The unitary matrices Q and Z are determined as products of Givens
rotations. They may either be formed explicitly, or they may be
postmultiplied into input matrices Q1 and Z1, so that
Q1 * A * Z1**H = (Q1*Q) * H * (Z1*Z)**H
Q1 * B * Z1**H = (Q1*Q) * T * (Z1*Z)**H
If Q1 is the unitary matrix from the QR factorization of B in the
original equation A*x = lambda*B*x, then ZGGHRD reduces the original
problem to generalized Hessenberg form.
```

**Parameters:**

*COMPQ*

```
COMPQ is CHARACTER*1
= 'N': do not compute Q;
= 'I': Q is initialized to the unit matrix, and the
unitary matrix Q is returned;
= 'V': Q must contain a unitary matrix Q1 on entry,
and the product Q1*Q is returned.
```

*COMPZ*

```
COMPZ is CHARACTER*1
= 'N': do not compute Q;
= 'I': Q is initialized to the unit matrix, and the
unitary matrix Q is returned;
= 'V': Q must contain a unitary matrix Q1 on entry,
and the product Q1*Q is returned.
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The order of the matrices A and B. N >= 0.
```

*ILO*

`ILO is INTEGER`

*IHI*

```
IHI is INTEGER
ILO and IHI mark the rows and columns of A which are to be
reduced. It is assumed that A is already upper triangular
in rows and columns 1:ILO-1 and IHI+1:N. ILO and IHI are
normally set by a previous call to ZGGBAL; otherwise they
should be set to 1 and N respectively.
1 <= ILO <= IHI <= N, if N > 0; ILO=1 and IHI=0, if N=0.
```

*A*

```
A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA, N)
On entry, the N-by-N general matrix to be reduced.
On exit, the upper triangle and the first subdiagonal of A
are overwritten with the upper Hessenberg matrix H, and the
rest is set to zero.
```

*LDA*

```
LDA is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
```

*B*

```
B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB, N)
On entry, the N-by-N upper triangular matrix B.
On exit, the upper triangular matrix T = Q**H B Z. The
elements below the diagonal are set to zero.
```

*LDB*

```
LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
```

*Q*

```
Q is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDQ, N)
On entry, if COMPQ = 'V', the unitary matrix Q1, typically
from the QR factorization of B.
On exit, if COMPQ='I', the unitary matrix Q, and if
COMPQ = 'V', the product Q1*Q.
Not referenced if COMPQ='N'.
```

*LDQ*

```
LDQ is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Q.
LDQ >= N if COMPQ='V' or 'I'; LDQ >= 1 otherwise.
```

*Z*

```
Z is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDZ, N)
On entry, if COMPZ = 'V', the unitary matrix Z1.
On exit, if COMPZ='I', the unitary matrix Z, and if
COMPZ = 'V', the product Z1*Z.
Not referenced if COMPZ='N'.
```

*LDZ*

```
LDZ is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Z.
LDZ >= N if COMPZ='V' or 'I'; LDZ >= 1 otherwise.
```

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit.
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

November 2011

**Further Details:**

```
This routine reduces A to Hessenberg and B to triangular form by
an unblocked reduction, as described in _Matrix_Computations_,
by Golub and van Loan (Johns Hopkins Press).
```

Definition at line 204 of file zgghrd.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

zgghrd(3) is an alias of zgghrd.f(3).