# zgerfs.f man page

zgerfs.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinezgerfs(TRANS, N, NRHS, A, LDA, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, LDB, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO)ZGERFS

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine zgerfs (characterTRANS, integerN, integerNRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * )AF, integerLDAF, integer, dimension( * )IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, complex*16, dimension( ldx, * )X, integerLDX, double precision, dimension( * )FERR, double precision, dimension( * )BERR, complex*16, dimension( * )WORK, double precision, dimension( * )RWORK, integerINFO)

**ZGERFS**

**Purpose:**

```
ZGERFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear
equations and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for
the solution.
```

**Parameters:**

*TRANS*

```
TRANS is CHARACTER*1
Specifies the form of the system of equations:
= 'N': A * X = B (No transpose)
= 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose)
= 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose)
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
```

*NRHS*

```
NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
```

*A*

```
A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
The original N-by-N matrix A.
```

*LDA*

```
LDA is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).
```

*AF*

```
AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N)
The factors L and U from the factorization A = P*L*U
as computed by ZGETRF.
```

*LDAF*

```
LDAF is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N).
```

*IPIV*

```
IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N)
The pivot indices from ZGETRF; for 1<=i<=N, row i of the
matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i).
```

*B*

```
B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.
```

*LDB*

```
LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
```

*X*

```
X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by ZGETRS.
On exit, the improved solution matrix X.
```

*LDX*

```
LDX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
```

*FERR*

```
FERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as
the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
overestimate of the true error.
```

*BERR*

```
BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).
```

*WORK*

`WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)`

*RWORK*

`RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)`

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
```

**Internal Parameters:**

`ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.`

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

November 2011

Definition at line 186 of file zgerfs.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

zgerfs(3) is an alias of zgerfs.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK