# zgerfs.f - Man Page

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine **zgerfs** (TRANS, **N**, **NRHS**, A, **LDA**, AF, LDAF, IPIV, B, **LDB**, X, LDX, FERR, BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO)**ZGERFS**

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine zgerfs (character TRANS, integer N, integer NRHS, complex*16, dimension( lda, * ) A, integer LDA, complex*16, dimension( ldaf, * ) AF, integer LDAF, integer, dimension( * ) IPIV, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) B, integer LDB, complex*16, dimension( ldx, * ) X, integer LDX, double precision, dimension( * ) FERR, double precision, dimension( * ) BERR, complex*16, dimension( * ) WORK, double precision, dimension( * ) RWORK, integer INFO)

**ZGERFS**

**Purpose:**

ZGERFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear equations and provides error bounds and backward error estimates for the solution.

**Parameters:***TRANS*TRANS is CHARACTER*1 Specifies the form of the system of equations: = 'N': A * X = B (No transpose) = 'T': A**T * X = B (Transpose) = 'C': A**H * X = B (Conjugate transpose)

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*NRHS*NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.

*A*A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N) The original N-by-N matrix A.

*LDA*LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,N).

*AF*AF is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAF,N) The factors L and U from the factorization A = P*L*U as computed by ZGETRF.

*LDAF*LDAF is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AF. LDAF >= max(1,N).

*IPIV*IPIV is INTEGER array, dimension (N) The pivot indices from ZGETRF; for 1<=i<=N, row i of the matrix was interchanged with row IPIV(i).

*B*B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) The right hand side matrix B.

*LDB*LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

*X*X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS) On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by ZGETRS. On exit, the improved solution matrix X.

*LDX*LDX is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).

*FERR*FERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X). If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j) is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight overestimate of the true error.

*BERR*BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS) The componentwise relative backward error of each solution vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).

*WORK*WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)

*RWORK*RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Internal Parameters:**

ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.

**Author:**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**December 2016

Definition at line 188 of file zgerfs.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

The man page zgerfs(3) is an alias of zgerfs.f(3).

Tue Nov 14 2017 Version 3.8.0 LAPACK