# zgebd2.f man page

zgebd2.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinezgebd2(M, N, A, LDA, D, E, TAUQ, TAUP, WORK, INFO)ZGEBD2reduces a general matrix to bidiagonal form using an unblocked algorithm.

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine zgebd2 (integerM, integerN, complex*16, dimension( lda, * )A, integerLDA, double precision, dimension( * )D, double precision, dimension( * )E, complex*16, dimension( * )TAUQ, complex*16, dimension( * )TAUP, complex*16, dimension( * )WORK, integerINFO)

**ZGEBD2** reduces a general matrix to bidiagonal form using an unblocked algorithm.

**Purpose:**

```
ZGEBD2 reduces a complex general m by n matrix A to upper or lower
real bidiagonal form B by a unitary transformation: Q**H * A * P = B.
If m >= n, B is upper bidiagonal; if m < n, B is lower bidiagonal.
```

**Parameters:**

*M*

```
M is INTEGER
The number of rows in the matrix A. M >= 0.
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The number of columns in the matrix A. N >= 0.
```

*A*

```
A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDA,N)
On entry, the m by n general matrix to be reduced.
On exit,
if m >= n, the diagonal and the first superdiagonal are
overwritten with the upper bidiagonal matrix B; the
elements below the diagonal, with the array TAUQ, represent
the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary
reflectors, and the elements above the first superdiagonal,
with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as
a product of elementary reflectors;
if m < n, the diagonal and the first subdiagonal are
overwritten with the lower bidiagonal matrix B; the
elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAUQ,
represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of
elementary reflectors, and the elements above the diagonal,
with the array TAUP, represent the unitary matrix P as
a product of elementary reflectors.
See Further Details.
```

*LDA*

```
LDA is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= max(1,M).
```

*D*

```
D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N))
The diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
D(i) = A(i,i).
```

*E*

```
E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (min(M,N)-1)
The off-diagonal elements of the bidiagonal matrix B:
if m >= n, E(i) = A(i,i+1) for i = 1,2,...,n-1;
if m < n, E(i) = A(i+1,i) for i = 1,2,...,m-1.
```

*TAUQ*

```
TAUQ is COMPLEX*16 array dimension (min(M,N))
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
represent the unitary matrix Q. See Further Details.
```

*TAUP*

```
TAUP is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (min(M,N))
The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors which
represent the unitary matrix P. See Further Details.
```

*WORK*

`WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (max(M,N))`

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

September 2012

**Further Details:**

```
The matrices Q and P are represented as products of elementary
reflectors:
If m >= n,
Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(n) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(n-1)
Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:
H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**H and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**H
where tauq and taup are complex scalars, and v and u are complex
vectors; v(1:i-1) = 0, v(i) = 1, and v(i+1:m) is stored on exit in
A(i+1:m,i); u(1:i) = 0, u(i+1) = 1, and u(i+2:n) is stored on exit in
A(i,i+2:n); tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).
If m < n,
Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(m-1) and P = G(1) G(2) . . . G(m)
Each H(i) and G(i) has the form:
H(i) = I - tauq * v * v**H and G(i) = I - taup * u * u**H
where tauq and taup are complex scalars, v and u are complex vectors;
v(1:i) = 0, v(i+1) = 1, and v(i+2:m) is stored on exit in A(i+2:m,i);
u(1:i-1) = 0, u(i) = 1, and u(i+1:n) is stored on exit in A(i,i+1:n);
tauq is stored in TAUQ(i) and taup in TAUP(i).
The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples:
m = 6 and n = 5 (m > n): m = 5 and n = 6 (m < n):
( d e u1 u1 u1 ) ( d u1 u1 u1 u1 u1 )
( v1 d e u2 u2 ) ( e d u2 u2 u2 u2 )
( v1 v2 d e u3 ) ( v1 e d u3 u3 u3 )
( v1 v2 v3 d e ) ( v1 v2 e d u4 u4 )
( v1 v2 v3 v4 d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d u5 )
( v1 v2 v3 v4 v5 )
where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of B, vi
denotes an element of the vector defining H(i), and ui an element of
the vector defining G(i).
```

Definition at line 190 of file zgebd2.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

zgebd2(3) is an alias of zgebd2.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK