zfile man page

zfile — provides methods to work with files in a portable fashion.

Synopsis

//  This is a stable class, and may not change except for emergencies. It
//  is provided in stable builds.
//  If file exists, populates properties. CZMQ supports portable symbolic
//  links, which are files with the extension ".ln". A symbolic link is a
//  text file containing one line, the filename of a target file. Reading
//  data from the symbolic link actually reads from the target file. Path
//  may be NULL, in which case it is not used.
CZMQ_EXPORT zfile_t *
    zfile_new (const char *path, const char *name);

//  Destroy a file item
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zfile_destroy (zfile_t **self_p);

//  Duplicate a file item, returns a newly constructed item. If the file
//  is null, or memory was exhausted, returns null.
//  Caller owns return value and must destroy it when done.
CZMQ_EXPORT zfile_t *
    zfile_dup (zfile_t *self);

//  Return file name, remove path if provided
CZMQ_EXPORT const char *
    zfile_filename (zfile_t *self, const char *path);

//  Refresh file properties from disk; this is not done automatically
//  on access methods, otherwise it is not possible to compare directory
//  snapshots.
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zfile_restat (zfile_t *self);

//  Return when the file was last modified. If you want this to reflect the
//  current situation, call zfile_restat before checking this property.
CZMQ_EXPORT time_t
    zfile_modified (zfile_t *self);

//  Return the last-known size of the file. If you want this to reflect the
//  current situation, call zfile_restat before checking this property.
CZMQ_EXPORT off_t
    zfile_cursize (zfile_t *self);

//  Return true if the file is a directory. If you want this to reflect
//  any external changes, call zfile_restat before checking this property.
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_is_directory (zfile_t *self);

//  Return true if the file is a regular file. If you want this to reflect
//  any external changes, call zfile_restat before checking this property.
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_is_regular (zfile_t *self);

//  Return true if the file is readable by this process. If you want this to
//  reflect any external changes, call zfile_restat before checking this
//  property.
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_is_readable (zfile_t *self);

//  Return true if the file is writeable by this process. If you want this
//  to reflect any external changes, call zfile_restat before checking this
//  property.
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_is_writeable (zfile_t *self);

//  Check if file has stopped changing and can be safely processed.
//  Updates the file statistics from disk at every call.
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_is_stable (zfile_t *self);

//  Return true if the file was changed on disk since the zfile_t object
//  was created, or the last zfile_restat() call made on it.
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_has_changed (zfile_t *self);

//  Remove the file from disk
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zfile_remove (zfile_t *self);

//  Open file for reading
//  Returns 0 if OK, -1 if not found or not accessible
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zfile_input (zfile_t *self);

//  Open file for writing, creating directory if needed
//  File is created if necessary; chunks can be written to file at any
//  location. Returns 0 if OK, -1 if error.
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zfile_output (zfile_t *self);

//  Read chunk from file at specified position. If this was the last chunk,
//  sets the eof property. Returns a null chunk in case of error.
//  Caller owns return value and must destroy it when done.
CZMQ_EXPORT zchunk_t *
    zfile_read (zfile_t *self, size_t bytes, off_t offset);

//  Returns true if zfile_read() just read the last chunk in the file.
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_eof (zfile_t *self);

//  Write chunk to file at specified position
//  Return 0 if OK, else -1
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zfile_write (zfile_t *self, zchunk_t *chunk, off_t offset);

//  Read next line of text from file. Returns a pointer to the text line,
//  or NULL if there was nothing more to read from the file.
CZMQ_EXPORT const char *
    zfile_readln (zfile_t *self);

//  Close file, if open
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zfile_close (zfile_t *self);

//  Return file handle, if opened
CZMQ_EXPORT FILE *
    zfile_handle (zfile_t *self);

//  Calculate SHA1 digest for file, using zdigest class.
CZMQ_EXPORT const char *
    zfile_digest (zfile_t *self);

//  Self test of this class.
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zfile_test (bool verbose);

//  These methods are deprecated, and now moved to zsys class.
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_exists (const char *filename);
CZMQ_EXPORT ssize_t
    zfile_size   (const char *filename);
CZMQ_EXPORT mode_t
    zfile_mode   (const char *filename);
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zfile_delete (const char *filename);
CZMQ_EXPORT bool
    zfile_stable (const char *filename);
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zfile_mkdir  (const char *pathname);
CZMQ_EXPORT int
    zfile_rmdir  (const char *pathname);
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zfile_mode_private (void);
CZMQ_EXPORT void
    zfile_mode_default (void);

Description

The zfile class provides methods to work with disk files. A file object provides the modified date, current size, and type of the file. You can create a file object for a filename that does not yet exist. To read or write data from the file, use the input and output methods, and then read and write chunks. The output method lets you both read and write chunks, at any offset. Finally, this class provides portable symbolic links. If a filename ends in ".ln", the first line of text in the file is read, and used as the underlying file for read/write operations. This lets you manipulate (e.g.) copy symbolic links without copying the perhaps very large files they point to.

This class is a new API, deprecating the old zfile class (which still exists but is implemented in zsys now).

Example

From zfile_test method.

zfile_t *file = zfile_new (NULL, "bilbo");
assert (file);
assert (streq (zfile_filename (file, "."), "bilbo"));
assert (zfile_is_readable (file) == false);
zfile_destroy (&file);

//  Create a test file in some random subdirectory
file = zfile_new ("./this/is/a/test", "bilbo");
assert (file);
int rc = zfile_output (file);
assert (rc == 0);
zchunk_t *chunk = zchunk_new (NULL, 100);
assert (chunk);
zchunk_fill (chunk, 0, 100);

//  Write 100 bytes at position 1,000,000 in the file
rc = zfile_write (file, chunk, 1000000);
assert (rc == 0);
zchunk_destroy (&chunk);
zfile_close (file);
assert (zfile_is_readable (file));
assert (zfile_cursize (file) == 1000100);
assert (!zfile_is_stable (file));
assert (zfile_digest (file));

//  Now truncate file from outside
int handle = open ("./this/is/a/test/bilbo", O_WRONLY | O_TRUNC | O_BINARY, 0);
assert (handle >= 0);
rc = write (handle, "Hello, World\n", 13);
assert (rc == 13);
close (handle);
assert (zfile_has_changed (file));
zclock_sleep (1001);
assert (zfile_has_changed (file));

assert (!zfile_is_stable (file));
zfile_restat (file);
assert (zfile_is_stable (file));
assert (streq (zfile_digest (file), "4AB299C8AD6ED14F31923DD94F8B5F5CB89DFB54"));

//  Check we can read from file
rc = zfile_input (file);
assert (rc == 0);
chunk = zfile_read (file, 1000100, 0);
assert (chunk);
assert (zchunk_size (chunk) == 13);
zchunk_destroy (&chunk);
zfile_close (file);

//  Check we can read lines from file
rc = zfile_input (file);
assert (rc == 0);
const char *line = zfile_readln (file);
assert (streq (line, "Hello, World"));
line = zfile_readln (file);
assert (line == NULL);
zfile_close (file);

//  Try some fun with symbolic links
zfile_t *link = zfile_new ("./this/is/a/test", "bilbo.ln");
assert (link);
rc = zfile_output (link);
assert (rc == 0);
fprintf (zfile_handle (link), "./this/is/a/test/bilbo\n");
zfile_destroy (&link);

link = zfile_new ("./this/is/a/test", "bilbo.ln");
assert (link);
rc = zfile_input (link);
assert (rc == 0);
chunk = zfile_read (link, 1000100, 0);
assert (chunk);
assert (zchunk_size (chunk) == 13);
zchunk_destroy (&chunk);
zfile_destroy (&link);

//  Remove file and directory
zdir_t *dir = zdir_new ("./this", NULL);
assert (dir);
assert (zdir_cursize (dir) == 26);
zdir_remove (dir, true);
assert (zdir_cursize (dir) == 0);
zdir_destroy (&dir);

//  Check we can no longer read from file
assert (zfile_is_readable (file));
zfile_restat (file);
assert (!zfile_is_readable (file));
rc = zfile_input (file);
assert (rc == -1);
zfile_destroy (&file);

file = zfile_new ("./", "eof_checkfile");
assert (file);
//  1. Write something first
rc = zfile_output (file);
assert (rc == 0);
chunk = zchunk_new ("123456789", 9);
assert (chunk);

rc = zfile_write (file, chunk, 0);
assert (rc == 0);
zchunk_destroy (&chunk);
zfile_close (file);
assert (zfile_cursize (file) == 9);

// 2. Read the written something
rc = zfile_input (file);
assert (rc != -1);
// try to read more bytes than there is in the file
chunk = zfile_read (file, 1000, 0);
assert (zfile_eof(file));
assert (zchunk_streq (chunk, "123456789"));
zchunk_destroy (&chunk);

// reading is ok
chunk = zfile_read (file, 5, 0);
assert (!zfile_eof(file));
assert (zchunk_streq (chunk, "12345"));
zchunk_destroy (&chunk);

// read from non zero offset until the end
chunk = zfile_read (file, 5, 5);
assert (zfile_eof(file));
assert (zchunk_streq (chunk, "6789"));
zchunk_destroy (&chunk);
zfile_remove (file);

Authors

The czmq manual was written by the authors in the Authors file.

Resources

Main web site:

Report bugs to the email <zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org[1]>

Notes

1.

zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org

mailto:zeromq-dev@lists.zeromq.org

Referenced By

czmq(7).

11/11/2016 CZMQ 4.0.1 CZMQ Manual