vmod_header - Man Page

Header VMOD for Varnish

Synopsis

import header [as name] [from "path"]

VOID append(HEADER, STRING)

VOID copy(HEADER, HEADER)

STRING get(HEADER header, STRING regex)

VOID remove(HEADER header, STRING regex)

VOID regsub(HTTP, STRING regex, STRING sub, BOOL all)

Description

Varnish Module for manipulation of duplicated HTTP headers, for instance multiple Set-Cookie headers.

Example:

vcl 4.0;
import header;

backend default { .host = "192.0.2.11"; .port = "8080"; }

sub vcl_backend_response {
    if (beresp.http.Set-Cookie) {
        # Add another line of Set-Cookie in the response.
        header.append(beresp.http.Set-Cookie, "VSESS=abbabeef");

        # CMS always set this, but doesn't really need it.
        header.remove(beresp.http.Set-Cookie, "JSESSIONID=");
    }
}

VOID append(HEADER, STRING)

Description

Append an extra occurrence to an existing header.

Example

:: header.append(beresp.http.Set-Cookie, "foo=bar")

VOID copy(HEADER, HEADER)

Description

Copy all source headers to a new header.

Example

:: header.copy(beresp.http.set-cookie, beresp.http.x-old-cookie);

STRING get(HEADER header, STRING regex)

Description

Fetches the value of the first header that matches the given regular expression regex.

Example

:: set beresp.http.xusr = header.get(beresp.http.set-cookie,"user=");

VOID remove(HEADER header, STRING regex)

Description

Remove all occurrences of header that matches regex.

Example

:: header.remove(beresp.http.set-cookie,"^(?!(funcookie=))");

VOID regsub(HTTP, STRING regex, STRING sub, BOOL all=0)

Description

For every header line in the HTTP object, which can be one of req, resp, bereq or beresp, if the line matches the regular expression regex, then replace it with the result of a substitution using the string sub. sub may include backreferences of the form \1 through \9, which refer to capturing expressions in the regex, or \0 to refer to the entire matched portion of the header line.

If all is false, replace the first matched portion of the header line with sub. This is the same operation performed by the VCL native function regsub(). all is false by default.

If all is true, replace each non-overlapping matched portion of the header line with sub. This is the same operation performed by native regsuball().

Note that unlike the other functions in this VMOD, regsub() applies to the entire header line, including the header name, colon separator, and header value. Take care that your substitutions result in valid headers, since ill-formed headers can interfere with the HTTP protocol.

Consider case sensitivity in the regex match. The standard dictates that header names are case insensitive, but header values are not. The VMOD function does not take care of that for you, but you can express it in the regex using the (?i) flag, as shown in the example below (use (?-i) to turn it off).

Consider using the ^ starting anchor in regex to be sure to match a header name (and not the same string somewhere in the middle of the line).

Example

:: header.regsub(req, "^(?i)Foo(\d): (?-i)bar=(.*)$", "Bar\1: \2")

Acknowledgements

The development of this plugin was made possible by the sponsorship of Softonic, http://en.softonic.com/ .

Also thanks to Imo Klabun and Anders Nordby for bug reports.

Bugs

You can't use dynamic regular expressions, which also holds true for normal regular expressions in regsub().