# trsna - Man Page

trsna: eig condition numbers

## Synopsis

### Functions

subroutine **ctrsna** (job, howmny, select, n, t, ldt, vl, ldvl, vr, ldvr, s, sep, mm, m, work, ldwork, rwork, info)**CTRSNA**

subroutine **dtrsna** (job, howmny, select, n, t, ldt, vl, ldvl, vr, ldvr, s, sep, mm, m, work, ldwork, iwork, info)**DTRSNA**

subroutine **strsna** (job, howmny, select, n, t, ldt, vl, ldvl, vr, ldvr, s, sep, mm, m, work, ldwork, iwork, info)**STRSNA**

subroutine **ztrsna** (job, howmny, select, n, t, ldt, vl, ldvl, vr, ldvr, s, sep, mm, m, work, ldwork, rwork, info)**ZTRSNA**

## Detailed Description

## Function Documentation

### subroutine ctrsna (character job, character howmny, logical, dimension( * ) select, integer n, complex, dimension( ldt, * ) t, integer ldt, complex, dimension( ldvl, * ) vl, integer ldvl, complex, dimension( ldvr, * ) vr, integer ldvr, real, dimension( * ) s, real, dimension( * ) sep, integer mm, integer m, complex, dimension( ldwork, * ) work, integer ldwork, real, dimension( * ) rwork, integer info)

**CTRSNA**

**Purpose:**

CTRSNA estimates reciprocal condition numbers for specified eigenvalues and/or right eigenvectors of a complex upper triangular matrix T (or of any matrix Q*T*Q**H with Q unitary).

**Parameters***JOB*JOB is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether condition numbers are required for eigenvalues (S) or eigenvectors (SEP): = 'E': for eigenvalues only (S); = 'V': for eigenvectors only (SEP); = 'B': for both eigenvalues and eigenvectors (S and SEP).

*HOWMNY*HOWMNY is CHARACTER*1 = 'A': compute condition numbers for all eigenpairs; = 'S': compute condition numbers for selected eigenpairs specified by the array SELECT.

*SELECT*SELECT is LOGICAL array, dimension (N) If HOWMNY = 'S', SELECT specifies the eigenpairs for which condition numbers are required. To select condition numbers for the j-th eigenpair, SELECT(j) must be set to .TRUE.. If HOWMNY = 'A', SELECT is not referenced.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix T. N >= 0.

*T*T is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDT,N) The upper triangular matrix T.

*LDT*LDT is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array T. LDT >= max(1,N).

*VL*VL is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDVL,M) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', VL must contain left eigenvectors of T (or of any Q*T*Q**H with Q unitary), corresponding to the eigenpairs specified by HOWMNY and SELECT. The eigenvectors must be stored in consecutive columns of VL, as returned by CHSEIN or CTREVC. If JOB = 'V', VL is not referenced.

*LDVL*LDVL is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VL. LDVL >= 1; and if JOB = 'E' or 'B', LDVL >= N.

*VR*VR is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDVR,M) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', VR must contain right eigenvectors of T (or of any Q*T*Q**H with Q unitary), corresponding to the eigenpairs specified by HOWMNY and SELECT. The eigenvectors must be stored in consecutive columns of VR, as returned by CHSEIN or CTREVC. If JOB = 'V', VR is not referenced.

*LDVR*LDVR is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VR. LDVR >= 1; and if JOB = 'E' or 'B', LDVR >= N.

*S*S is REAL array, dimension (MM) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', the reciprocal condition numbers of the selected eigenvalues, stored in consecutive elements of the array. Thus S(j), SEP(j), and the j-th columns of VL and VR all correspond to the same eigenpair (but not in general the j-th eigenpair, unless all eigenpairs are selected). If JOB = 'V', S is not referenced.

*SEP*SEP is REAL array, dimension (MM) If JOB = 'V' or 'B', the estimated reciprocal condition numbers of the selected eigenvectors, stored in consecutive elements of the array. If JOB = 'E', SEP is not referenced.

*MM*MM is INTEGER The number of elements in the arrays S (if JOB = 'E' or 'B') and/or SEP (if JOB = 'V' or 'B'). MM >= M.

*M*M is INTEGER The number of elements of the arrays S and/or SEP actually used to store the estimated condition numbers. If HOWMNY = 'A', M is set to N.

*WORK*WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDWORK,N+6) If JOB = 'E', WORK is not referenced.

*LDWORK*LDWORK is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array WORK. LDWORK >= 1; and if JOB = 'V' or 'B', LDWORK >= N.

*RWORK*RWORK is REAL array, dimension (N) If JOB = 'E', RWORK is not referenced.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

The reciprocal of the condition number of an eigenvalue lambda is defined as S(lambda) = |v**H*u| / (norm(u)*norm(v)) where u and v are the right and left eigenvectors of T corresponding to lambda; v**H denotes the conjugate transpose of v, and norm(u) denotes the Euclidean norm. These reciprocal condition numbers always lie between zero (very badly conditioned) and one (very well conditioned). If n = 1, S(lambda) is defined to be 1. An approximate error bound for a computed eigenvalue W(i) is given by EPS * norm(T) / S(i) where EPS is the machine precision. The reciprocal of the condition number of the right eigenvector u corresponding to lambda is defined as follows. Suppose T = ( lambda c ) ( 0 T22 ) Then the reciprocal condition number is SEP( lambda, T22 ) = sigma-min( T22 - lambda*I ) where sigma-min denotes the smallest singular value. We approximate the smallest singular value by the reciprocal of an estimate of the one-norm of the inverse of T22 - lambda*I. If n = 1, SEP(1) is defined to be abs(T(1,1)). An approximate error bound for a computed right eigenvector VR(i) is given by EPS * norm(T) / SEP(i)

Definition at line **246** of file **ctrsna.f**.

### subroutine dtrsna (character job, character howmny, logical, dimension( * ) select, integer n, double precision, dimension( ldt, * ) t, integer ldt, double precision, dimension( ldvl, * ) vl, integer ldvl, double precision, dimension( ldvr, * ) vr, integer ldvr, double precision, dimension( * ) s, double precision, dimension( * ) sep, integer mm, integer m, double precision, dimension( ldwork, * ) work, integer ldwork, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer info)

**DTRSNA**

**Purpose:**

DTRSNA estimates reciprocal condition numbers for specified eigenvalues and/or right eigenvectors of a real upper quasi-triangular matrix T (or of any matrix Q*T*Q**T with Q orthogonal). T must be in Schur canonical form (as returned by DHSEQR), that is, block upper triangular with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks; each 2-by-2 diagonal block has its diagonal elements equal and its off-diagonal elements of opposite sign.

**Parameters***JOB*JOB is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether condition numbers are required for eigenvalues (S) or eigenvectors (SEP): = 'E': for eigenvalues only (S); = 'V': for eigenvectors only (SEP); = 'B': for both eigenvalues and eigenvectors (S and SEP).

*HOWMNY*HOWMNY is CHARACTER*1 = 'A': compute condition numbers for all eigenpairs; = 'S': compute condition numbers for selected eigenpairs specified by the array SELECT.

*SELECT*SELECT is LOGICAL array, dimension (N) If HOWMNY = 'S', SELECT specifies the eigenpairs for which condition numbers are required. To select condition numbers for the eigenpair corresponding to a real eigenvalue w(j), SELECT(j) must be set to .TRUE.. To select condition numbers corresponding to a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues w(j) and w(j+1), either SELECT(j) or SELECT(j+1) or both, must be set to .TRUE.. If HOWMNY = 'A', SELECT is not referenced.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix T. N >= 0.

*T*T is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDT,N) The upper quasi-triangular matrix T, in Schur canonical form.

*LDT*LDT is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array T. LDT >= max(1,N).

*VL*VL is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDVL,M) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', VL must contain left eigenvectors of T (or of any Q*T*Q**T with Q orthogonal), corresponding to the eigenpairs specified by HOWMNY and SELECT. The eigenvectors must be stored in consecutive columns of VL, as returned by DHSEIN or DTREVC. If JOB = 'V', VL is not referenced.

*LDVL*LDVL is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VL. LDVL >= 1; and if JOB = 'E' or 'B', LDVL >= N.

*VR*VR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDVR,M) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', VR must contain right eigenvectors of T (or of any Q*T*Q**T with Q orthogonal), corresponding to the eigenpairs specified by HOWMNY and SELECT. The eigenvectors must be stored in consecutive columns of VR, as returned by DHSEIN or DTREVC. If JOB = 'V', VR is not referenced.

*LDVR*LDVR is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VR. LDVR >= 1; and if JOB = 'E' or 'B', LDVR >= N.

*S*S is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MM) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', the reciprocal condition numbers of the selected eigenvalues, stored in consecutive elements of the array. For a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues two consecutive elements of S are set to the same value. Thus S(j), SEP(j), and the j-th columns of VL and VR all correspond to the same eigenpair (but not in general the j-th eigenpair, unless all eigenpairs are selected). If JOB = 'V', S is not referenced.

*SEP*SEP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MM) If JOB = 'V' or 'B', the estimated reciprocal condition numbers of the selected eigenvectors, stored in consecutive elements of the array. For a complex eigenvector two consecutive elements of SEP are set to the same value. If the eigenvalues cannot be reordered to compute SEP(j), SEP(j) is set to 0; this can only occur when the true value would be very small anyway. If JOB = 'E', SEP is not referenced.

*MM*MM is INTEGER The number of elements in the arrays S (if JOB = 'E' or 'B') and/or SEP (if JOB = 'V' or 'B'). MM >= M.

*M*M is INTEGER The number of elements of the arrays S and/or SEP actually used to store the estimated condition numbers. If HOWMNY = 'A', M is set to N.

*WORK*WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDWORK,N+6) If JOB = 'E', WORK is not referenced.

*LDWORK*LDWORK is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array WORK. LDWORK >= 1; and if JOB = 'V' or 'B', LDWORK >= N.

*IWORK*IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (2*(N-1)) If JOB = 'E', IWORK is not referenced.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

The reciprocal of the condition number of an eigenvalue lambda is defined as S(lambda) = |v**T*u| / (norm(u)*norm(v)) where u and v are the right and left eigenvectors of T corresponding to lambda; v**T denotes the transpose of v, and norm(u) denotes the Euclidean norm. These reciprocal condition numbers always lie between zero (very badly conditioned) and one (very well conditioned). If n = 1, S(lambda) is defined to be 1. An approximate error bound for a computed eigenvalue W(i) is given by EPS * norm(T) / S(i) where EPS is the machine precision. The reciprocal of the condition number of the right eigenvector u corresponding to lambda is defined as follows. Suppose T = ( lambda c ) ( 0 T22 ) Then the reciprocal condition number is SEP( lambda, T22 ) = sigma-min( T22 - lambda*I ) where sigma-min denotes the smallest singular value. We approximate the smallest singular value by the reciprocal of an estimate of the one-norm of the inverse of T22 - lambda*I. If n = 1, SEP(1) is defined to be abs(T(1,1)). An approximate error bound for a computed right eigenvector VR(i) is given by EPS * norm(T) / SEP(i)

Definition at line **262** of file **dtrsna.f**.

### subroutine strsna (character job, character howmny, logical, dimension( * ) select, integer n, real, dimension( ldt, * ) t, integer ldt, real, dimension( ldvl, * ) vl, integer ldvl, real, dimension( ldvr, * ) vr, integer ldvr, real, dimension( * ) s, real, dimension( * ) sep, integer mm, integer m, real, dimension( ldwork, * ) work, integer ldwork, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer info)

**STRSNA**

**Purpose:**

STRSNA estimates reciprocal condition numbers for specified eigenvalues and/or right eigenvectors of a real upper quasi-triangular matrix T (or of any matrix Q*T*Q**T with Q orthogonal). T must be in Schur canonical form (as returned by SHSEQR), that is, block upper triangular with 1-by-1 and 2-by-2 diagonal blocks; each 2-by-2 diagonal block has its diagonal elements equal and its off-diagonal elements of opposite sign.

**Parameters***JOB*JOB is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether condition numbers are required for eigenvalues (S) or eigenvectors (SEP): = 'E': for eigenvalues only (S); = 'V': for eigenvectors only (SEP); = 'B': for both eigenvalues and eigenvectors (S and SEP).

*HOWMNY*HOWMNY is CHARACTER*1 = 'A': compute condition numbers for all eigenpairs; = 'S': compute condition numbers for selected eigenpairs specified by the array SELECT.

*SELECT*SELECT is LOGICAL array, dimension (N) If HOWMNY = 'S', SELECT specifies the eigenpairs for which condition numbers are required. To select condition numbers for the eigenpair corresponding to a real eigenvalue w(j), SELECT(j) must be set to .TRUE.. To select condition numbers corresponding to a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues w(j) and w(j+1), either SELECT(j) or SELECT(j+1) or both, must be set to .TRUE.. If HOWMNY = 'A', SELECT is not referenced.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix T. N >= 0.

*T*T is REAL array, dimension (LDT,N) The upper quasi-triangular matrix T, in Schur canonical form.

*LDT*LDT is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array T. LDT >= max(1,N).

*VL*VL is REAL array, dimension (LDVL,M) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', VL must contain left eigenvectors of T (or of any Q*T*Q**T with Q orthogonal), corresponding to the eigenpairs specified by HOWMNY and SELECT. The eigenvectors must be stored in consecutive columns of VL, as returned by SHSEIN or STREVC. If JOB = 'V', VL is not referenced.

*LDVL*LDVL is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VL. LDVL >= 1; and if JOB = 'E' or 'B', LDVL >= N.

*VR*VR is REAL array, dimension (LDVR,M) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', VR must contain right eigenvectors of T (or of any Q*T*Q**T with Q orthogonal), corresponding to the eigenpairs specified by HOWMNY and SELECT. The eigenvectors must be stored in consecutive columns of VR, as returned by SHSEIN or STREVC. If JOB = 'V', VR is not referenced.

*LDVR*LDVR is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array VR. LDVR >= 1; and if JOB = 'E' or 'B', LDVR >= N.

*S*S is REAL array, dimension (MM) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', the reciprocal condition numbers of the selected eigenvalues, stored in consecutive elements of the array. For a complex conjugate pair of eigenvalues two consecutive elements of S are set to the same value. Thus S(j), SEP(j), and the j-th columns of VL and VR all correspond to the same eigenpair (but not in general the j-th eigenpair, unless all eigenpairs are selected). If JOB = 'V', S is not referenced.

*SEP*SEP is REAL array, dimension (MM) If JOB = 'V' or 'B', the estimated reciprocal condition numbers of the selected eigenvectors, stored in consecutive elements of the array. For a complex eigenvector two consecutive elements of SEP are set to the same value. If the eigenvalues cannot be reordered to compute SEP(j), SEP(j) is set to 0; this can only occur when the true value would be very small anyway. If JOB = 'E', SEP is not referenced.

*MM*MM is INTEGER The number of elements in the arrays S (if JOB = 'E' or 'B') and/or SEP (if JOB = 'V' or 'B'). MM >= M.

*M*M is INTEGER The number of elements of the arrays S and/or SEP actually used to store the estimated condition numbers. If HOWMNY = 'A', M is set to N.

*WORK*WORK is REAL array, dimension (LDWORK,N+6) If JOB = 'E', WORK is not referenced.

*LDWORK*LDWORK is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array WORK. LDWORK >= 1; and if JOB = 'V' or 'B', LDWORK >= N.

*IWORK*IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (2*(N-1)) If JOB = 'E', IWORK is not referenced.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

The reciprocal of the condition number of an eigenvalue lambda is defined as S(lambda) = |v**T*u| / (norm(u)*norm(v)) where u and v are the right and left eigenvectors of T corresponding to lambda; v**T denotes the transpose of v, and norm(u) denotes the Euclidean norm. These reciprocal condition numbers always lie between zero (very badly conditioned) and one (very well conditioned). If n = 1, S(lambda) is defined to be 1. An approximate error bound for a computed eigenvalue W(i) is given by EPS * norm(T) / S(i) where EPS is the machine precision. The reciprocal of the condition number of the right eigenvector u corresponding to lambda is defined as follows. Suppose T = ( lambda c ) ( 0 T22 ) Then the reciprocal condition number is SEP( lambda, T22 ) = sigma-min( T22 - lambda*I ) where sigma-min denotes the smallest singular value. We approximate the smallest singular value by the reciprocal of an estimate of the one-norm of the inverse of T22 - lambda*I. If n = 1, SEP(1) is defined to be abs(T(1,1)). An approximate error bound for a computed right eigenvector VR(i) is given by EPS * norm(T) / SEP(i)

Definition at line **262** of file **strsna.f**.

### subroutine ztrsna (character job, character howmny, logical, dimension( * ) select, integer n, complex*16, dimension( ldt, * ) t, integer ldt, complex*16, dimension( ldvl, * ) vl, integer ldvl, complex*16, dimension( ldvr, * ) vr, integer ldvr, double precision, dimension( * ) s, double precision, dimension( * ) sep, integer mm, integer m, complex*16, dimension( ldwork, * ) work, integer ldwork, double precision, dimension( * ) rwork, integer info)

**ZTRSNA**

**Purpose:**

ZTRSNA estimates reciprocal condition numbers for specified eigenvalues and/or right eigenvectors of a complex upper triangular matrix T (or of any matrix Q*T*Q**H with Q unitary).

**Parameters***JOB**HOWMNY**SELECT*SELECT is LOGICAL array, dimension (N) If HOWMNY = 'S', SELECT specifies the eigenpairs for which condition numbers are required. To select condition numbers for the j-th eigenpair, SELECT(j) must be set to .TRUE.. If HOWMNY = 'A', SELECT is not referenced.

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix T. N >= 0.

*T*T is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDT,N) The upper triangular matrix T.

*LDT*LDT is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array T. LDT >= max(1,N).

*VL*VL is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDVL,M) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', VL must contain left eigenvectors of T (or of any Q*T*Q**H with Q unitary), corresponding to the eigenpairs specified by HOWMNY and SELECT. The eigenvectors must be stored in consecutive columns of VL, as returned by ZHSEIN or ZTREVC. If JOB = 'V', VL is not referenced.

*LDVL**VR*VR is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDVR,M) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', VR must contain right eigenvectors of T (or of any Q*T*Q**H with Q unitary), corresponding to the eigenpairs specified by HOWMNY and SELECT. The eigenvectors must be stored in consecutive columns of VR, as returned by ZHSEIN or ZTREVC. If JOB = 'V', VR is not referenced.

*LDVR**S*S is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MM) If JOB = 'E' or 'B', the reciprocal condition numbers of the selected eigenvalues, stored in consecutive elements of the array. Thus S(j), SEP(j), and the j-th columns of VL and VR all correspond to the same eigenpair (but not in general the j-th eigenpair, unless all eigenpairs are selected). If JOB = 'V', S is not referenced.

*SEP*SEP is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MM) If JOB = 'V' or 'B', the estimated reciprocal condition numbers of the selected eigenvectors, stored in consecutive elements of the array. If JOB = 'E', SEP is not referenced.

*MM**M**WORK*WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDWORK,N+6) If JOB = 'E', WORK is not referenced.

*LDWORK**RWORK*RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) If JOB = 'E', RWORK is not referenced.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

The reciprocal of the condition number of an eigenvalue lambda is defined as S(lambda) = |v**H*u| / (norm(u)*norm(v)) where u and v are the right and left eigenvectors of T corresponding to lambda; v**H denotes the conjugate transpose of v, and norm(u) denotes the Euclidean norm. These reciprocal condition numbers always lie between zero (very badly conditioned) and one (very well conditioned). If n = 1, S(lambda) is defined to be 1. An approximate error bound for a computed eigenvalue W(i) is given by EPS * norm(T) / S(i) where EPS is the machine precision. The reciprocal of the condition number of the right eigenvector u corresponding to lambda is defined as follows. Suppose T = ( lambda c ) ( 0 T22 ) Then the reciprocal condition number is SEP( lambda, T22 ) = sigma-min( T22 - lambda*I ) where sigma-min denotes the smallest singular value. We approximate the smallest singular value by the reciprocal of an estimate of the one-norm of the inverse of T22 - lambda*I. If n = 1, SEP(1) is defined to be abs(T(1,1)). An approximate error bound for a computed right eigenvector VR(i) is given by EPS * norm(T) / SEP(i)

Definition at line **246** of file **ztrsna.f**.

## Author

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