# trsm - Man Page

trsm: triangular matrix-matrix solve

## Synopsis

### Functions

subroutine ctrsm (side, uplo, transa, diag, m, n, alpha, a, lda, b, ldb)
CTRSM
subroutine dtrsm (side, uplo, transa, diag, m, n, alpha, a, lda, b, ldb)
DTRSM
subroutine strsm (side, uplo, transa, diag, m, n, alpha, a, lda, b, ldb)
STRSM
subroutine ztrsm (side, uplo, transa, diag, m, n, alpha, a, lda, b, ldb)
ZTRSM

## Function Documentation

### subroutine ctrsm (character side, character uplo, character transa, character diag, integer m, integer n, complex alpha, complex, dimension(lda,*) a, integer lda, complex, dimension(ldb,*) b, integer ldb)

CTRSM

Purpose:

``` CTRSM  solves one of the matrix equations

op( A )*X = alpha*B,   or   X*op( A ) = alpha*B,

where alpha is a scalar, X and B are m by n matrices, A is a unit, or
non-unit,  upper or lower triangular matrix  and  op( A )  is one  of

op( A ) = A   or   op( A ) = A**T   or   op( A ) = A**H.

The matrix X is overwritten on B.```
Parameters

SIDE

```          SIDE is CHARACTER*1
On entry, SIDE specifies whether op( A ) appears on the left
or right of X as follows:

SIDE = 'L' or 'l'   op( A )*X = alpha*B.

SIDE = 'R' or 'r'   X*op( A ) = alpha*B.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix A is an upper or
lower triangular matrix as follows:

UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.

UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.```

TRANSA

```          TRANSA is CHARACTER*1
On entry, TRANSA specifies the form of op( A ) to be used in
the matrix multiplication as follows:

TRANSA = 'N' or 'n'   op( A ) = A.

TRANSA = 'T' or 't'   op( A ) = A**T.

TRANSA = 'C' or 'c'   op( A ) = A**H.```

DIAG

```          DIAG is CHARACTER*1
On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit triangular
as follows:

DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.

DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
triangular.```

M

```          M is INTEGER
On entry, M specifies the number of rows of B. M must be at
least zero.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
On entry, N specifies the number of columns of B.  N must be
at least zero.```

ALPHA

```          ALPHA is COMPLEX
On entry,  ALPHA specifies the scalar  alpha. When  alpha is
zero then  A is not referenced and  B need not be set before
entry.```

A

```          A is COMPLEX array, dimension ( LDA, k ),
where k is m when SIDE = 'L' or 'l'
and k is n when SIDE = 'R' or 'r'.
Before entry  with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u',  the  leading  k by k
upper triangular part of the array  A must contain the upper
triangular matrix  and the strictly lower triangular part of
A is not referenced.
Before entry  with  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',  the  leading  k by k
lower triangular part of the array  A must contain the lower
triangular matrix  and the strictly upper triangular part of
A is not referenced.
Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u',  the diagonal elements of
A  are not referenced either,  but are assumed to be  unity.```

LDA

```          LDA is INTEGER
On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
in the calling (sub) program.  When  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  then
LDA  must be at least  max( 1, m ),  when  SIDE = 'R' or 'r'
then LDA must be at least max( 1, n ).```

B

```          B is COMPLEX array, dimension ( LDB, N )
Before entry,  the leading  m by n part of the array  B must
contain  the  right-hand  side  matrix  B,  and  on exit  is
overwritten by the solution matrix  X.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDB  must  be  at  least
max( 1, m ).```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  Level 3 Blas routine.

-- Written on 8-February-1989.
Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.```

Definition at line 179 of file ctrsm.f.

### subroutine dtrsm (character side, character uplo, character transa, character diag, integer m, integer n, double precision alpha, double precision, dimension(lda,*) a, integer lda, double precision, dimension(ldb,*) b, integer ldb)

DTRSM

Purpose:

``` DTRSM  solves one of the matrix equations

op( A )*X = alpha*B,   or   X*op( A ) = alpha*B,

where alpha is a scalar, X and B are m by n matrices, A is a unit, or
non-unit,  upper or lower triangular matrix  and  op( A )  is one  of

op( A ) = A   or   op( A ) = A**T.

The matrix X is overwritten on B.```
Parameters

SIDE

```          SIDE is CHARACTER*1
On entry, SIDE specifies whether op( A ) appears on the left
or right of X as follows:

SIDE = 'L' or 'l'   op( A )*X = alpha*B.

SIDE = 'R' or 'r'   X*op( A ) = alpha*B.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix A is an upper or
lower triangular matrix as follows:

UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.

UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.```

TRANSA

```          TRANSA is CHARACTER*1
On entry, TRANSA specifies the form of op( A ) to be used in
the matrix multiplication as follows:

TRANSA = 'N' or 'n'   op( A ) = A.

TRANSA = 'T' or 't'   op( A ) = A**T.

TRANSA = 'C' or 'c'   op( A ) = A**T.```

DIAG

```          DIAG is CHARACTER*1
On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit triangular
as follows:

DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.

DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
triangular.```

M

```          M is INTEGER
On entry, M specifies the number of rows of B. M must be at
least zero.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
On entry, N specifies the number of columns of B.  N must be
at least zero.```

ALPHA

```          ALPHA is DOUBLE PRECISION.
On entry,  ALPHA specifies the scalar  alpha. When  alpha is
zero then  A is not referenced and  B need not be set before
entry.```

A

```          A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDA, k ),
where k is m when SIDE = 'L' or 'l'
and k is n when SIDE = 'R' or 'r'.
Before entry  with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u',  the  leading  k by k
upper triangular part of the array  A must contain the upper
triangular matrix  and the strictly lower triangular part of
A is not referenced.
Before entry  with  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',  the  leading  k by k
lower triangular part of the array  A must contain the lower
triangular matrix  and the strictly upper triangular part of
A is not referenced.
Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u',  the diagonal elements of
A  are not referenced either,  but are assumed to be  unity.```

LDA

```          LDA is INTEGER
On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
in the calling (sub) program.  When  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  then
LDA  must be at least  max( 1, m ),  when  SIDE = 'R' or 'r'
then LDA must be at least max( 1, n ).```

B

```          B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( LDB, N )
Before entry,  the leading  m by n part of the array  B must
contain  the  right-hand  side  matrix  B,  and  on exit  is
overwritten by the solution matrix  X.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDB  must  be  at  least
max( 1, m ).```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  Level 3 Blas routine.

-- Written on 8-February-1989.
Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.```

Definition at line 180 of file dtrsm.f.

### subroutine strsm (character side, character uplo, character transa, character diag, integer m, integer n, real alpha, real, dimension(lda,*) a, integer lda, real, dimension(ldb,*) b, integer ldb)

STRSM

Purpose:

``` STRSM  solves one of the matrix equations

op( A )*X = alpha*B,   or   X*op( A ) = alpha*B,

where alpha is a scalar, X and B are m by n matrices, A is a unit, or
non-unit,  upper or lower triangular matrix  and  op( A )  is one  of

op( A ) = A   or   op( A ) = A**T.

The matrix X is overwritten on B.```
Parameters

SIDE

```          SIDE is CHARACTER*1
On entry, SIDE specifies whether op( A ) appears on the left
or right of X as follows:

SIDE = 'L' or 'l'   op( A )*X = alpha*B.

SIDE = 'R' or 'r'   X*op( A ) = alpha*B.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix A is an upper or
lower triangular matrix as follows:

UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.

UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.```

TRANSA

```          TRANSA is CHARACTER*1
On entry, TRANSA specifies the form of op( A ) to be used in
the matrix multiplication as follows:

TRANSA = 'N' or 'n'   op( A ) = A.

TRANSA = 'T' or 't'   op( A ) = A**T.

TRANSA = 'C' or 'c'   op( A ) = A**T.```

DIAG

```          DIAG is CHARACTER*1
On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit triangular
as follows:

DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.

DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
triangular.```

M

```          M is INTEGER
On entry, M specifies the number of rows of B. M must be at
least zero.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
On entry, N specifies the number of columns of B.  N must be
at least zero.```

ALPHA

```          ALPHA is REAL
On entry,  ALPHA specifies the scalar  alpha. When  alpha is
zero then  A is not referenced and  B need not be set before
entry.```

A

```          A is REAL array, dimension ( LDA, k ),
where k is m when SIDE = 'L' or 'l'
and k is n when SIDE = 'R' or 'r'.
Before entry  with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u',  the  leading  k by k
upper triangular part of the array  A must contain the upper
triangular matrix  and the strictly lower triangular part of
A is not referenced.
Before entry  with  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',  the  leading  k by k
lower triangular part of the array  A must contain the lower
triangular matrix  and the strictly upper triangular part of
A is not referenced.
Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u',  the diagonal elements of
A  are not referenced either,  but are assumed to be  unity.```

LDA

```          LDA is INTEGER
On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
in the calling (sub) program.  When  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  then
LDA  must be at least  max( 1, m ),  when  SIDE = 'R' or 'r'
then LDA must be at least max( 1, n ).```

B

```          B is REAL array, dimension ( LDB, N )
Before entry,  the leading  m by n part of the array  B must
contain  the  right-hand  side  matrix  B,  and  on exit  is
overwritten by the solution matrix  X.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDB  must  be  at  least
max( 1, m ).```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  Level 3 Blas routine.

-- Written on 8-February-1989.
Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.```

Definition at line 180 of file strsm.f.

### subroutine ztrsm (character side, character uplo, character transa, character diag, integer m, integer n, complex*16 alpha, complex*16, dimension(lda,*) a, integer lda, complex*16, dimension(ldb,*) b, integer ldb)

ZTRSM

Purpose:

``` ZTRSM  solves one of the matrix equations

op( A )*X = alpha*B,   or   X*op( A ) = alpha*B,

where alpha is a scalar, X and B are m by n matrices, A is a unit, or
non-unit,  upper or lower triangular matrix  and  op( A )  is one  of

op( A ) = A   or   op( A ) = A**T   or   op( A ) = A**H.

The matrix X is overwritten on B.```
Parameters

SIDE

```          SIDE is CHARACTER*1
On entry, SIDE specifies whether op( A ) appears on the left
or right of X as follows:

SIDE = 'L' or 'l'   op( A )*X = alpha*B.

SIDE = 'R' or 'r'   X*op( A ) = alpha*B.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
On entry, UPLO specifies whether the matrix A is an upper or
lower triangular matrix as follows:

UPLO = 'U' or 'u'   A is an upper triangular matrix.

UPLO = 'L' or 'l'   A is a lower triangular matrix.```

TRANSA

```          TRANSA is CHARACTER*1
On entry, TRANSA specifies the form of op( A ) to be used in
the matrix multiplication as follows:

TRANSA = 'N' or 'n'   op( A ) = A.

TRANSA = 'T' or 't'   op( A ) = A**T.

TRANSA = 'C' or 'c'   op( A ) = A**H.```

DIAG

```          DIAG is CHARACTER*1
On entry, DIAG specifies whether or not A is unit triangular
as follows:

DIAG = 'U' or 'u'   A is assumed to be unit triangular.

DIAG = 'N' or 'n'   A is not assumed to be unit
triangular.```

M

```          M is INTEGER
On entry, M specifies the number of rows of B. M must be at
least zero.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
On entry, N specifies the number of columns of B.  N must be
at least zero.```

ALPHA

```          ALPHA is COMPLEX*16
On entry,  ALPHA specifies the scalar  alpha. When  alpha is
zero then  A is not referenced and  B need not be set before
entry.```

A

```          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( LDA, k ),
where k is m when SIDE = 'L' or 'l'
and k is n when SIDE = 'R' or 'r'.
Before entry  with  UPLO = 'U' or 'u',  the  leading  k by k
upper triangular part of the array  A must contain the upper
triangular matrix  and the strictly lower triangular part of
A is not referenced.
Before entry  with  UPLO = 'L' or 'l',  the  leading  k by k
lower triangular part of the array  A must contain the lower
triangular matrix  and the strictly upper triangular part of
A is not referenced.
Note that when  DIAG = 'U' or 'u',  the diagonal elements of
A  are not referenced either,  but are assumed to be  unity.```

LDA

```          LDA is INTEGER
On entry, LDA specifies the first dimension of A as declared
in the calling (sub) program.  When  SIDE = 'L' or 'l'  then
LDA  must be at least  max( 1, m ),  when  SIDE = 'R' or 'r'
then LDA must be at least max( 1, n ).```

B

```          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( LDB, N )
Before entry,  the leading  m by n part of the array  B must
contain  the  right-hand  side  matrix  B,  and  on exit  is
overwritten by the solution matrix  X.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
On entry, LDB specifies the first dimension of B as declared
in  the  calling  (sub)  program.   LDB  must  be  at  least
max( 1, m ).```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  Level 3 Blas routine.

-- Written on 8-February-1989.
Jack Dongarra, Argonne National Laboratory.
Iain Duff, AERE Harwell.
Jeremy Du Croz, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.
Sven Hammarling, Numerical Algorithms Group Ltd.```

Definition at line 179 of file ztrsm.f.

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