tracelog man page

tracelog — LTTng-UST printf(3)-like interface with a log level

Synopsis

#include <lttng/tracelog.h>
#define tracelog(level, fmt, ...)

Link with -llttng-ust.

Description

The LTTng-UST tracelog() API allows you to trace your application with the help of a simple printf(3)-like macro, with an additional parameter for the desired log level. The fmt argument is passed directly to the fmt parameter of vasprintf(3), as well as the optional parameters following fmt.

The purpose of tracelog() is to ease the migration from logging to tracing.

The available values for the level parameter are:

TRACE_EMERG

System is unusable.

TRACE_ALERT

Action must be taken immediately.

TRACE_CRIT

Critical conditions.

TRACE_ERR

Error conditions.

TRACE_WARNING

Warning conditions.

TRACE_NOTICE

Normal, but significant, condition.

TRACE_INFO

Informational message.

TRACE_DEBUG_SYSTEM

Debug information with system-level scope (set of programs).

TRACE_DEBUG_PROGRAM

Debug information with program-level scope (set of processes).

TRACE_DEBUG_PROCESS

Debug information with process-level scope (set of modules).

TRACE_DEBUG_MODULE

Debug information with module (executable/library) scope (set of units).

TRACE_DEBUG_UNIT

Debug information with compilation unit scope (set of functions).

TRACE_DEBUG_FUNCTION

Debug information with function-level scope.

TRACE_DEBUG_LINE

Debug information with line-level scope (default log level).

TRACE_DEBUG

Debug-level message.

To use tracelog(), include <lttng/tracelog.h> where you need it, and link your application with liblttng-ust. See the Example section below for a complete usage example.

Once your application is instrumented with tracelog() calls and ready to run, use lttng-enable-event(1) to enable the lttng_ust_tracelog:* event. You can isolate specific log levels with the --loglevel and --loglevel-only options of this command.

The tracelog() events contain the following fields:

Field nameDescription
lineLine in source file where tracelog() was called.
fileSource file from which tracelog() was called.
funcFunction name from which tracelog() was called.
msgFormatted string output.

If you do not need to attach a specific log level to a tracelog() call, use tracef(3) instead.

See also the Limitations section below for important limitations to consider when using tracelog().

Example

Here’s a usage example of tracelog():

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <lttng/tracelog.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
    int i;

    if (argc < 2) {
        tracelog(TRACE_CRIT, "Not enough arguments: %d", argc);
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }

    tracelog(TRACE_INFO, "Starting app with %d arguments", argc);

    for (i = 0; i < argc; i++) {
        tracelog(TRACE_DEBUG, "Argument %d: %s", i, argv[i]);
    }

    tracelog(TRACE_INFO, "Exiting app");

    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

This C source file, saved as app.c, can be compiled into a program like this:

cc -o app app.c -llttng-ust

You can create an LTTng tracing session, enable all the tracelog() events, and start the created tracing session like this:

lttng create my-session
lttng enable-event --userspace 'lttng_ust_tracelog:*'
lttng start

Or you can enable tracelog() events matching a log level at least as severe as a given log level:

lttng enable-event --userspace 'lttng_ust_tracelog:*' \
                   --loglevel=TRACE_INFO

Next, start the program to be traced:

./app a few arguments passed to this application

Finally, stop the tracing session, and inspect the recorded events:

lttng stop
lttng view

Limitations

The tracelog() utility macro was developed to make user space tracing super simple, albeit with notable disadvantages compared to custom, full-fledged tracepoint providers:

· All generated events have the same provider/event names.

· There’s no static type checking.

· The only event field with user data you actually get, named msg, is a string potentially containing the values you passed to the macro using your own format. This also means that you cannot use filtering using a custom expression at run time because there are no isolated fields.

· Since tracelog() uses C standard library’s vasprintf(3) function in the background to format the strings at run time, its expected performance is lower than using custom tracepoint providers with typed fields, which do not require a conversion to a string.

· Generally, a string containing the textual representation of the user data fields is not as compact as binary fields in the resulting trace.

Thus, tracelog() is useful for quick prototyping and debugging, but should not be considered for any permanent/serious application instrumentation.

See lttng-ust(3) to learn more about custom tracepoint providers.

Bugs

If you encounter any issue or usability problem, please report it on the LTTng bug tracker <https://bugs.lttng.org/projects/lttng-u…>.

Resources

· LTTng project website <http://lttng.org>

· LTTng documentation <http://lttng.org/docs>

· Git repositories <http://git.lttng.org>

· GitHub organization <http://github.com/lttng>

· Continuous integration <http://ci.lttng.org/>

· Mailing list <http://lists.lttng.org> for support and development: lttng-dev@lists.lttng.org

· IRC channel <irc://irc.oftc.net/lttng>: #lttng on irc.oftc.net

Copyrights

This macro is part of the LTTng-UST project.

This macro is distributed under the GNU Lesser General Public License, version 2.1 <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/old-license…>. See the COPYING <https://github.com/lttng/lttng-ust/blob…> file for more details.

Thanks

Thanks to Ericsson for funding this work, providing real-life use cases, and testing.

Special thanks to Michel Dagenais and the DORSAL laboratory <http://www.dorsal.polymtl.ca/> at École Polytechnique de Montréal for the LTTng journey.

Authors

LTTng-UST was originally written by Mathieu Desnoyers, with additional contributions from various other people. It is currently maintained by Mathieu Desnoyers <mailto:mathieu.desnoyers@efficios.com>.

See Also

tracef(3), lttng-ust(3), lttng(1), printf(3)

Referenced By

lttng-ust(3), tracef(3).

11/29/2016 LTTng 2.9.0- LTTng Manual