tmpfile man page

tmpfile — create a temporary file

Synopsis

#include <stdio.h>

FILE *tmpfile(void);

Description

The tmpfile() function opens a unique temporary file in binary read/write (w+b) mode. The file will be automatically deleted when it is closed or the program terminates.

Return Value

The tmpfile() function returns a stream descriptor, or NULL if a unique filename cannot be generated or the unique file cannot be opened. In the latter case, errno is set to indicate the error.

Errors

EACCES

Search permission denied for directory in file's path prefix.

EEXIST

Unable to generate a unique filename.

EINTR

The call was interrupted by a signal; see signal(7).

EMFILE

The per-process limit on the number of open file descriptors has been reached.

ENFILE

The system-wide limit on the total number of open files has been reached.

ENOSPC

There was no room in the directory to add the new filename.

EROFS

Read-only filesystem.

Attributes

For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
tmpfile() Thread safety MT-Safe

Conforming to

POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008, C89, C99, SVr4, 4.3BSD, SUSv2.

Notes

POSIX.1-2001 specifies: an error message may be written to stdout if the stream cannot be opened.

The standard does not specify the directory that tmpfile() will use. Glibc will try the path prefix P_tmpdir defined in <stdio.h>, and if that fails the directory /tmp.

See Also

exit(3), mkstemp(3), mktemp(3), tempnam(3), tmpnam(3)

Colophon

This page is part of release 4.09 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Referenced By

exit(3), explain(1), explain(3), explain_tmpfile(3), explain_tmpfile_or_die(3), getpid(2), libvmem(3), memkind(3), mkdtemp(3), mkstemp(3), mktemp(3), open(2), tempnam(3), tmpnam(3).

2016-03-15 Linux Programmer's Manual