termkey_new man page

termkey_new, termkey_destroy ā€” create or destroy new termkey instance


#include <termkey.h>

TermKey *termkey_new(int fd, int flags);
TermKey *termkey_new_abstract(const char *term, int flags);
void termkey_destroy(TermKey *tk);

Link with -ltermkey.


termkey_new() creates a new termkey(7) instance connected to the file handle opened by fd using the flags. The TermKey structure should be considered opaque; its contents are not intended for use outside of the library.

termkey_new_abstract() creates a new termkey() instance with no file handle associated. As this is usually done for handling other sources of terminal byte input, it also takes a string indicating the termtype to use.

termkey_destroy() destroys the given instance and releases any resources controlled by it. It will not close the underlying filehandle given as the fd argument to termkey_new().

The constructor attempts to detect if the current locale is UTF-8 aware or not, and sets either the TERMKEY_FLAG_UTF8 or TERMKEY_FLAG_RAW flag. One of these two bits will always be in effect. The current flags in effect can be obtained by termkey_get_flags(3).

If a file handle is provided, the terminfo driver may send a string to initialise or set the state of the terminal before termkey_new() returns. This will not be done if no file handle is provided, or if the file handle is a pipe (S_ISFIFO()). In this case it will be the caller's responsibility to ensure the terminal is in the correct mode. Once initialised, the terminal can be stopped by termkey_stop(3), and started again by termkey_start(3).

This behaviour is modified by the TERMKEY_FLAG_NOSTART flag. If passed in the flags argument then the instance will not be started yet by the constructor; the caller must invoke termkey_start() at some future point before the instance will be usable.

Version Check Macro

Before calling any functions in the termkey library, an application should use the TERMKEY_CHECK_VERSION macro to check that the loaded version of the library is compatible with the version it was compiled against. This should be done early on, ideally just after entering its main() function.

Return Value

If successful, termkey_new() returns a pointer to the new instance. On failure, NULL is returned with errno set to indicate the failure. termkey_destroy() returns no value.



No driver was able to recognise the given terminal type.


A call to malloc(3) failed to allocate memory.

Additionally, termkey_new() may fail if fstat(2) or write(2) fails on the given file handle.

See Also

termkey_waitkey(3), termkey_advisereadable(3), termkey_getkey(3), termkey_get_flags(3), termkey_get_fd(3), termkey_get_buffer_remaining(3), termkey_get_buffer_size(3), termkey(7)

Referenced By

termkey(7), termkey_get_fd(3), termkey_set_buffer_size(3), termkey_set_flags(3), termkey_start(3), termkey_strfkey(3), termkey_strpkey(3).