tan man page

tan, tanf, tanl — tangent function


#include <math.h>

double tan(double x);

float tanf(float x);

long double tanl(long double x);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

tanf(), tanl():

|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE


These functions return the tangent of x, where x is given in radians.

Return Value

On success, these functions return the tangent of x.

If x is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is positive infinity or negative infinity, a domain error occurs, and a NaN is returned.

If the correct result would overflow, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the mathematically correct sign.


See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Domain error: x is an infinity
errno is set to EDOM (but see Bugs). An invalid floating-point exception (FE_INVALID) is raised.
Range error: result overflow
An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

tan(), tanf(), tanl()Thread safetyMT-Safe

Conforming to

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008.

The variant returning double also conforms to SVr4, 4.3BSD, C89.


Before version 2.10, the glibc implementation did not set errno to EDOM when a domain error occurred.

See Also

acos(3), asin(3), atan(3), atan2(3), cos(3), ctan(3), sin(3)

Referenced By

acos(3), asin(3), atan(3), atan2(3), cos(3), sin(3), sincos(3).

Explore man page connections for tan(3).

tanf(3) and tanl(3) are aliases of tan(3).