# stedc - Man Page

stedc: eig, divide and conquer

## Synopsis

### Functions

subroutine **cstedc** (compz, n, d, e, z, ldz, work, lwork, rwork, lrwork, iwork, liwork, info)**CSTEDC**

subroutine **dstedc** (compz, n, d, e, z, ldz, work, lwork, iwork, liwork, info)**DSTEDC**

subroutine **sstedc** (compz, n, d, e, z, ldz, work, lwork, iwork, liwork, info)**SSTEDC**

subroutine **zstedc** (compz, n, d, e, z, ldz, work, lwork, rwork, lrwork, iwork, liwork, info)**ZSTEDC**

## Detailed Description

## Function Documentation

### subroutine cstedc (character compz, integer n, real, dimension( * ) d, real, dimension( * ) e, complex, dimension( ldz, * ) z, integer ldz, complex, dimension( * ) work, integer lwork, real, dimension( * ) rwork, integer lrwork, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer liwork, integer info)

**CSTEDC**

**Purpose:**

CSTEDC computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix using the divide and conquer method. The eigenvectors of a full or band complex Hermitian matrix can also be found if CHETRD or CHPTRD or CHBTRD has been used to reduce this matrix to tridiagonal form.

**Parameters***COMPZ*COMPZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only. = 'I': Compute eigenvectors of tridiagonal matrix also. = 'V': Compute eigenvectors of original Hermitian matrix also. On entry, Z contains the unitary matrix used to reduce the original matrix to tridiagonal form.

*N*N is INTEGER The dimension of the symmetric tridiagonal matrix. N >= 0.

*D*D is REAL array, dimension (N) On entry, the diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix. On exit, if INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

*E*E is REAL array, dimension (N-1) On entry, the subdiagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix. On exit, E has been destroyed.

*Z*Z is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDZ,N) On entry, if COMPZ = 'V', then Z contains the unitary matrix used in the reduction to tridiagonal form. On exit, if INFO = 0, then if COMPZ = 'V', Z contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the original Hermitian matrix, and if COMPZ = 'I', Z contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the symmetric tridiagonal matrix. If COMPZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.

*LDZ*LDZ is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1. If eigenvectors are desired, then LDZ >= max(1,N).

*WORK*WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or 'I', or N <= 1, LWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least N*N. Note that for COMPZ = 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LWORK need only be 1. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*RWORK*RWORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LRWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, RWORK(1) returns the optimal LRWORK.

*LRWORK*LRWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array RWORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or N <= 1, LRWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' and N > 1, LRWORK must be at least 1 + 3*N + 2*N*lg N + 4*N**2 , where lg( N ) = smallest integer k such that 2**k >= N. If COMPZ = 'I' and N > 1, LRWORK must be at least 1 + 4*N + 2*N**2 . Note that for COMPZ = 'I' or 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LRWORK need only be max(1,2*(N-1)). If LRWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*IWORK*IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LIWORK.

*LIWORK*LIWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array IWORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or N <= 1, LIWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' or N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 6 + 6*N + 5*N*lg N. If COMPZ = 'I' or N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 3 + 5*N . Note that for COMPZ = 'I' or 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LIWORK need only be 1. If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit. < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. > 0: The algorithm failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix lying in rows and columns INFO/(N+1) through mod(INFO,N+1).

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Contributors:**Jeff Rutter, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Definition at line **204** of file **cstedc.f**.

### subroutine dstedc (character compz, integer n, double precision, dimension( * ) d, double precision, dimension( * ) e, double precision, dimension( ldz, * ) z, integer ldz, double precision, dimension( * ) work, integer lwork, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer liwork, integer info)

**DSTEDC**

**Purpose:**

DSTEDC computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix using the divide and conquer method. The eigenvectors of a full or band real symmetric matrix can also be found if DSYTRD or DSPTRD or DSBTRD has been used to reduce this matrix to tridiagonal form.

**Parameters***COMPZ*COMPZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only. = 'I': Compute eigenvectors of tridiagonal matrix also. = 'V': Compute eigenvectors of original dense symmetric matrix also. On entry, Z contains the orthogonal matrix used to reduce the original matrix to tridiagonal form.

*N*N is INTEGER The dimension of the symmetric tridiagonal matrix. N >= 0.

*D*D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) On entry, the diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix. On exit, if INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

*E*E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N-1) On entry, the subdiagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix. On exit, E has been destroyed.

*Z*Z is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ,N) On entry, if COMPZ = 'V', then Z contains the orthogonal matrix used in the reduction to tridiagonal form. On exit, if INFO = 0, then if COMPZ = 'V', Z contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the original symmetric matrix, and if COMPZ = 'I', Z contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the symmetric tridiagonal matrix. If COMPZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.

*LDZ*LDZ is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1. If eigenvectors are desired, then LDZ >= max(1,N).

*WORK*WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or N <= 1 then LWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' and N > 1 then LWORK must be at least ( 1 + 3*N + 2*N*lg N + 4*N**2 ), where lg( N ) = smallest integer k such that 2**k >= N. If COMPZ = 'I' and N > 1 then LWORK must be at least ( 1 + 4*N + N**2 ). Note that for COMPZ = 'I' or 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LWORK need only be max(1,2*(N-1)). If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*IWORK*IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LIWORK.

*LIWORK*LIWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array IWORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or N <= 1 then LIWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' and N > 1 then LIWORK must be at least ( 6 + 6*N + 5*N*lg N ). If COMPZ = 'I' and N > 1 then LIWORK must be at least ( 3 + 5*N ). Note that for COMPZ = 'I' or 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LIWORK need only be 1. If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the IWORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the IWORK array, and no error message related to LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit. < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. > 0: The algorithm failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix lying in rows and columns INFO/(N+1) through mod(INFO,N+1).

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Contributors:**Jeff Rutter, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Modified by Francoise Tisseur, University of Tennessee

Definition at line **180** of file **dstedc.f**.

### subroutine sstedc (character compz, integer n, real, dimension( * ) d, real, dimension( * ) e, real, dimension( ldz, * ) z, integer ldz, real, dimension( * ) work, integer lwork, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer liwork, integer info)

**SSTEDC**

**Purpose:**

SSTEDC computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix using the divide and conquer method. The eigenvectors of a full or band real symmetric matrix can also be found if SSYTRD or SSPTRD or SSBTRD has been used to reduce this matrix to tridiagonal form.

**Parameters***COMPZ*COMPZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only. = 'I': Compute eigenvectors of tridiagonal matrix also. = 'V': Compute eigenvectors of original dense symmetric matrix also. On entry, Z contains the orthogonal matrix used to reduce the original matrix to tridiagonal form.

*N*N is INTEGER The dimension of the symmetric tridiagonal matrix. N >= 0.

*D*D is REAL array, dimension (N) On entry, the diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix. On exit, if INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

*E*E is REAL array, dimension (N-1) On entry, the subdiagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix. On exit, E has been destroyed.

*Z*Z is REAL array, dimension (LDZ,N) On entry, if COMPZ = 'V', then Z contains the orthogonal matrix used in the reduction to tridiagonal form. On exit, if INFO = 0, then if COMPZ = 'V', Z contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the original symmetric matrix, and if COMPZ = 'I', Z contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the symmetric tridiagonal matrix. If COMPZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.

*LDZ*LDZ is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1. If eigenvectors are desired, then LDZ >= max(1,N).

*WORK*WORK is REAL array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or N <= 1 then LWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' and N > 1 then LWORK must be at least ( 1 + 3*N + 2*N*lg N + 4*N**2 ), where lg( N ) = smallest integer k such that 2**k >= N. If COMPZ = 'I' and N > 1 then LWORK must be at least ( 1 + 4*N + N**2 ). Note that for COMPZ = 'I' or 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LWORK need only be max(1,2*(N-1)). If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*IWORK*IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (MAX(1,LIWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, IWORK(1) returns the optimal LIWORK.

*LIWORK*LIWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array IWORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or N <= 1 then LIWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' and N > 1 then LIWORK must be at least ( 6 + 6*N + 5*N*lg N ). If COMPZ = 'I' and N > 1 then LIWORK must be at least ( 3 + 5*N ). Note that for COMPZ = 'I' or 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LIWORK need only be 1. If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal size of the IWORK array, returns this value as the first entry of the IWORK array, and no error message related to LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit. < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value. > 0: The algorithm failed to compute an eigenvalue while working on the submatrix lying in rows and columns INFO/(N+1) through mod(INFO,N+1).

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Contributors:**Jeff Rutter, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Modified by Francoise Tisseur, University of Tennessee

Definition at line **180** of file **sstedc.f**.

### subroutine zstedc (character compz, integer n, double precision, dimension( * ) d, double precision, dimension( * ) e, complex*16, dimension( ldz, * ) z, integer ldz, complex*16, dimension( * ) work, integer lwork, double precision, dimension( * ) rwork, integer lrwork, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer liwork, integer info)

**ZSTEDC**

**Purpose:**

ZSTEDC computes all eigenvalues and, optionally, eigenvectors of a symmetric tridiagonal matrix using the divide and conquer method. The eigenvectors of a full or band complex Hermitian matrix can also be found if ZHETRD or ZHPTRD or ZHBTRD has been used to reduce this matrix to tridiagonal form.

**Parameters***COMPZ*COMPZ is CHARACTER*1 = 'N': Compute eigenvalues only. = 'I': Compute eigenvectors of tridiagonal matrix also. = 'V': Compute eigenvectors of original Hermitian matrix also. On entry, Z contains the unitary matrix used to reduce the original matrix to tridiagonal form.

*N*N is INTEGER The dimension of the symmetric tridiagonal matrix. N >= 0.

*D*D is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N) On entry, the diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix. On exit, if INFO = 0, the eigenvalues in ascending order.

*E*E is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N-1) On entry, the subdiagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix. On exit, E has been destroyed.

*Z*Z is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDZ,N) On entry, if COMPZ = 'V', then Z contains the unitary matrix used in the reduction to tridiagonal form. On exit, if INFO = 0, then if COMPZ = 'V', Z contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the original Hermitian matrix, and if COMPZ = 'I', Z contains the orthonormal eigenvectors of the symmetric tridiagonal matrix. If COMPZ = 'N', then Z is not referenced.

*LDZ**WORK*WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.

*LWORK*LWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array WORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or 'I', or N <= 1, LWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' and N > 1, LWORK must be at least N*N. Note that for COMPZ = 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LWORK need only be 1. If LWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*RWORK*RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LRWORK)) On exit, if INFO = 0, RWORK(1) returns the optimal LRWORK.

*LRWORK*LRWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array RWORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or N <= 1, LRWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' and N > 1, LRWORK must be at least 1 + 3*N + 2*N*lg N + 4*N**2 , where lg( N ) = smallest integer k such that 2**k >= N. If COMPZ = 'I' and N > 1, LRWORK must be at least 1 + 4*N + 2*N**2 . Note that for COMPZ = 'I' or 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LRWORK need only be max(1,2*(N-1)). If LRWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*IWORK**LIWORK*LIWORK is INTEGER The dimension of the array IWORK. If COMPZ = 'N' or N <= 1, LIWORK must be at least 1. If COMPZ = 'V' or N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 6 + 6*N + 5*N*lg N. If COMPZ = 'I' or N > 1, LIWORK must be at least 3 + 5*N . Note that for COMPZ = 'I' or 'V', then if N is less than or equal to the minimum divide size, usually 25, then LIWORK need only be 1. If LIWORK = -1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the optimal sizes of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, returns these values as the first entries of the WORK, RWORK and IWORK arrays, and no error message related to LWORK or LRWORK or LIWORK is issued by XERBLA.

*INFO***Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Contributors:**Jeff Rutter, Computer Science Division, University of California at Berkeley, USA

Definition at line **204** of file **zstedc.f**.

## Author

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