std::multimap man page

std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc > — A standard container made up of (key,value) pairs, which can be retrieved based on a key, in logarithmic time.

Synopsis

Public Types

typedef _Alloc allocator_type

typedef _Rep_type::const_iterator const_iterator

typedef _Alloc_traits::const_pointer const_pointer

typedef _Alloc_traits::const_reference const_reference

typedef _Rep_type::const_reverse_iterator const_reverse_iterator

typedef _Rep_type::difference_type difference_type

typedef _Rep_type::iterator iterator

typedef _Compare key_compare

typedef _Key key_type

typedef _Tp mapped_type

typedef _Alloc_traits::pointer pointer

typedef _Alloc_traits::reference reference

typedef _Rep_type::reverse_iterator reverse_iterator

typedef _Rep_type::size_type size_type

typedef std::pair< const _Key, _Tp > value_type

Public Member Functions

multimap () noexcept(is_nothrow_default_constructible< allocator_type >::value)
Default constructor creates no elements.
multimap (const _Compare &__comp, const allocator_type &__a=allocator_type())
Creates a multimap with no elements.
multimap (const multimap &__x)
Multimap copy constructor.
multimap (multimap &&__x) noexcept(is_nothrow_copy_constructible< _Compare >::value)
Multimap move constructor.
multimap (initializer_list< value_type > __l, const _Compare &__comp=_Compare(), const allocator_type &__a=allocator_type())
Builds a multimap from an initializer_list.
multimap (const allocator_type &__a)
Allocator-extended default constructor.
multimap (const multimap &__m, const allocator_type &__a)
Allocator-extended copy constructor.
multimap (multimap &&__m, const allocator_type &__a) noexcept(is_nothrow_copy_constructible< _Compare >::value &&_Alloc_traits::_S_always_equal())
Allocator-extended move constructor.
multimap (initializer_list< value_type > __l, const allocator_type &__a)
Allocator-extended initialier-list constructor.
template<typename _InputIterator > multimap (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last, const allocator_type &__a)
Allocator-extended range constructor.
template<typename _InputIterator > multimap (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last)
Builds a multimap from a range.
template<typename _InputIterator > multimap (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last, const _Compare &__comp, const allocator_type &__a=allocator_type())
Builds a multimap from a range.
iterator begin () noexcept

const_iterator begin () const noexcept

const_iterator cbegin () const noexcept

const_iterator cend () const noexcept

void clear () noexcept

const_reverse_iterator crbegin () const noexcept

const_reverse_iterator crend () const noexcept

template<typename... _Args> iterator emplace (_Args &&... __args)
Build and insert a std::pair into the multimap.
template<typename... _Args> iterator emplace_hint (const_iterator __pos, _Args &&... __args)
Builds and inserts a std::pair into the multimap.
bool empty () const noexcept

iterator end () noexcept

const_iterator end () const noexcept

iterator erase (const_iterator __position)
Erases an element from a multimap.
_GLIBCXX_ABI_TAG_CXX11 iterator erase (iterator __position)

size_type erase (const key_type &__x)
Erases elements according to the provided key.
iterator erase (const_iterator __first, const_iterator __last)
Erases a [first,last) range of elements from a multimap.
allocator_type get_allocator () const noexcept
Get a copy of the memory allocation object.
iterator insert (const value_type &__x)
Inserts a std::pair into the multimap.
template<typename _Pair , typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<value_type, _Pair&&>::value>::type> iterator insert (_Pair &&__x)

iterator insert (const_iterator __position, const value_type &__x)
Inserts a std::pair into the multimap.
template<typename _Pair , typename = typename std::enable_if<std::is_constructible<value_type, _Pair&&>::value>::type> iterator insert (const_iterator __position, _Pair &&__x)

template<typename _InputIterator > void insert (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last)
A template function that attempts to insert a range of elements.
void insert (initializer_list< value_type > __l)
Attempts to insert a list of std::pairs into the multimap.
key_compare key_comp () const

size_type max_size () const noexcept

multimap & operator= (const multimap &__x)
Multimap assignment operator.
multimap & operator= (multimap &&)=default
Move assignment operator.
multimap & operator= (initializer_list< value_type > __l)
Multimap list assignment operator.
reverse_iterator rbegin () noexcept

const_reverse_iterator rbegin () const noexcept

reverse_iterator rend () noexcept

const_reverse_iterator rend () const noexcept

size_type size () const noexcept

void swap (multimap &__x) noexcept(/*conditional */)
Swaps data with another multimap.
value_compare value_comp () const
iterator find (const key_type &__x)
Tries to locate an element in a multimap.
template<typename _Kt > auto find (const _Kt &__x) -> decltype(_M_t._M_find_tr(__x))
Tries to locate an element in a multimap.
const_iterator find (const key_type &__x) const
Tries to locate an element in a multimap.
template<typename _Kt > auto find (const _Kt &__x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_find_tr(__x))
Tries to locate an element in a multimap.
size_type count (const key_type &__x) const
Finds the number of elements with given key.
template<typename _Kt > auto count (const _Kt &__x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_count_tr(__x))
Finds the number of elements with given key.
iterator lower_bound (const key_type &__x)
Finds the beginning of a subsequence matching given key.
template<typename _Kt > auto lower_bound (const _Kt &__x) -> decltype(_M_t._M_lower_bound_tr(__x))
Finds the beginning of a subsequence matching given key.
const_iterator lower_bound (const key_type &__x) const
Finds the beginning of a subsequence matching given key.
template<typename _Kt > auto lower_bound (const _Kt &__x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_lower_bound_tr(__x))
Finds the beginning of a subsequence matching given key.
iterator upper_bound (const key_type &__x)
Finds the end of a subsequence matching given key.
template<typename _Kt > auto upper_bound (const _Kt &__x) -> decltype(_M_t._M_upper_bound_tr(__x))
Finds the end of a subsequence matching given key.
const_iterator upper_bound (const key_type &__x) const
Finds the end of a subsequence matching given key.
template<typename _Kt > auto upper_bound (const _Kt &__x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_upper_bound_tr(__x))
Finds the end of a subsequence matching given key.
std::pair< iterator, iterator > equal_range (const key_type &__x)
Finds a subsequence matching given key.
template<typename _Kt > auto equal_range (const _Kt &__x) -> decltype(_M_t._M_equal_range_tr(__x))
Finds a subsequence matching given key.
std::pair< const_iterator, const_iterator > equal_range (const key_type &__x) const
Finds a subsequence matching given key.
template<typename _Kt > auto equal_range (const _Kt &__x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_equal_range_tr(__x))
Finds a subsequence matching given key.

Friends

template<typename _K1 , typename _T1 , typename _C1 , typename _A1 > bool operator< (const multimap< _K1, _T1, _C1, _A1 > &, const multimap< _K1, _T1, _C1, _A1 > &)

template<typename _K1 , typename _T1 , typename _C1 , typename _A1 > bool operator== (const multimap< _K1, _T1, _C1, _A1 > &, const multimap< _K1, _T1, _C1, _A1 > &)

Detailed Description

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >>

class std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >" A standard container made up of (key,value) pairs, which can be retrieved based on a key, in logarithmic time.

Template Parameters:

_Key Type of key objects.
_Tp Type of mapped objects.
_Compare Comparison function object type, defaults to less<_Key>.
_Alloc Allocator type, defaults to allocator<pair<const _Key, _Tp>.

Meets the requirements of a container, a reversible container, and an associative container (using equivalent keys). For a multimap<Key,T> the key_type is Key, the mapped_type is T, and the value_type is std::pair<const Key,T>.

Multimaps support bidirectional iterators.

The private tree data is declared exactly the same way for map and multimap; the distinction is made entirely in how the tree functions are called (*_unique versus *_equal, same as the standard).

Definition at line 95 of file stl_multimap.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap () [inline], [noexcept]

Default constructor creates no elements.

Definition at line 160 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (const _Compare & __comp, const allocator_type & __a = allocator_type()) [inline], [explicit]

Creates a multimap with no elements.

Parameters:

__comp A comparison object.
__a An allocator object.

Definition at line 172 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (const multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc > & __x) [inline]

Multimap copy constructor.

Parameters:

__x A multimap of identical element and allocator types.

The newly-created multimap uses a copy of the allocation object used by __x.

Definition at line 183 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc > && __x) [inline], [noexcept]

Multimap move constructor.

Parameters:

__x A multimap of identical element and allocator types.

The newly-created multimap contains the exact contents of __x. The contents of __x are a valid, but unspecified multimap.

Definition at line 194 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (initializer_list< value_type > __l, const _Compare & __comp = _Compare(), const allocator_type & __a = allocator_type()) [inline]

Builds a multimap from an initializer_list.

Parameters:

__l An initializer_list.
__comp A comparison functor.
__a An allocator object.

Create a multimap consisting of copies of the elements from the initializer_list. This is linear in N if the list is already sorted, and NlogN otherwise (where N is __l.size()).

Definition at line 208 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (const allocator_type & __a) [inline], [explicit]

Allocator-extended default constructor.

Definition at line 216 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (const multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc > & __m, const allocator_type & __a) [inline]

Allocator-extended copy constructor.

Definition at line 220 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc > && __m, const allocator_type & __a) [inline], [noexcept]

Allocator-extended move constructor.

Definition at line 224 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (initializer_list< value_type > __l, const allocator_type & __a) [inline]

Allocator-extended initialier-list constructor.

Definition at line 230 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _InputIterator > std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last, const allocator_type & __a) [inline]

Allocator-extended range constructor.

Definition at line 236 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _InputIterator > std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last) [inline]

Builds a multimap from a range.

Parameters:

__first An input iterator.
__last An input iterator.

Create a multimap consisting of copies of the elements from [__first,__last). This is linear in N if the range is already sorted, and NlogN otherwise (where N is distance(__first,__last)).

Definition at line 252 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _InputIterator > std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::multimap (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last, const _Compare & __comp, const allocator_type & __a = allocator_type()) [inline]

Builds a multimap from a range.

Parameters:

__first An input iterator.
__last An input iterator.
__comp A comparison functor.
__a An allocator object.

Create a multimap consisting of copies of the elements from [__first,__last). This is linear in N if the range is already sorted, and NlogN otherwise (where N is distance(__first,__last)).

Definition at line 268 of file stl_multimap.h.

Member Function Documentation

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::begin () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write iterator that points to the first pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in ascending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 333 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::begin () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) iterator that points to the first pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in ascending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 342 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::cbegin () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) iterator that points to the first pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in ascending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 406 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::cend () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) iterator that points one past the last pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in ascending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 415 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> void std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::clear () [inline], [noexcept]

Erases all elements in a multimap. Note that this function only erases the elements, and that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 717 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> size_type std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::count (const key_type & __x) const [inline]

Finds the number of elements with given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pairs to be located.

Returns:

Number of elements with specified key.

Definition at line 794 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::count (const _Kt & __x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_count_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Finds the number of elements with given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pairs to be located.

Returns:

Number of elements with specified key.

Definition at line 800 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_reverse_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::crbegin () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reverse iterator that points to the last pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in descending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 424 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_reverse_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::crend () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reverse iterator that points to one before the first pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in descending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 433 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename... _Args> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::emplace (_Args &&... __args) [inline]

Build and insert a std::pair into the multimap.

Parameters:

__args Arguments used to generate a new pair instance (see std::piecewise_contruct for passing arguments to each part of the pair constructor).

Returns:

An iterator that points to the inserted (key,value) pair.

This function builds and inserts a (key, value) pair into the multimap. Contrary to a std::map the multimap does not rely on unique keys and thus multiple pairs with the same key can be inserted.

Insertion requires logarithmic time.

Definition at line 473 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename... _Args> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::emplace_hint (const_iterator __pos, _Args &&... __args) [inline]

Builds and inserts a std::pair into the multimap.

Parameters:

__pos An iterator that serves as a hint as to where the pair should be inserted.
__args Arguments used to generate a new pair instance (see std::piecewise_contruct for passing arguments to each part of the pair constructor).

Returns:

An iterator that points to the inserted (key,value) pair.

This function inserts a (key, value) pair into the multimap. Contrary to a std::map the multimap does not rely on unique keys and thus multiple pairs with the same key can be inserted. Note that the first parameter is only a hint and can potentially improve the performance of the insertion process. A bad hint would cause no gains in efficiency.

For more on hinting, see: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/libstdc+…

Insertion requires logarithmic time (if the hint is not taken).

Definition at line 500 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> bool std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::empty () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns true if the multimap is empty.

Definition at line 440 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::end () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write iterator that points one past the last pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in ascending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 351 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::end () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) iterator that points one past the last pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in ascending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 360 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::pair<iterator, iterator> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::equal_range (const key_type & __x) [inline]

Finds a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pairs to be located.

Returns:

Pair of iterators that possibly points to the subsequence matching given key.

This function is equivalent to

std::make_pair(c.lower_bound(val),
               c.upper_bound(val))

(but is faster than making the calls separately).

Definition at line 910 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::equal_range (const _Kt & __x) -> decltype(_M_t._M_equal_range_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Finds a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pairs to be located.

Returns:

Pair of iterators that possibly points to the subsequence matching given key.

This function is equivalent to

std::make_pair(c.lower_bound(val),
               c.upper_bound(val))

(but is faster than making the calls separately).

Definition at line 916 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> std::pair<const_iterator, const_iterator> std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::equal_range (const key_type & __x) const [inline]

Finds a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pairs to be located.

Returns:

Pair of read-only (constant) iterators that possibly points to the subsequence matching given key.

This function is equivalent to

std::make_pair(c.lower_bound(val),
               c.upper_bound(val))

(but is faster than making the calls separately).

Definition at line 937 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::equal_range (const _Kt & __x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_equal_range_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Finds a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pairs to be located.

Returns:

Pair of read-only (constant) iterators that possibly points to the subsequence matching given key.

This function is equivalent to

std::make_pair(c.lower_bound(val),
               c.upper_bound(val))

(but is faster than making the calls separately).

Definition at line 943 of file stl_multimap.h.

References std::operator==().

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::erase (const_iterator __position) [inline]

Erases an element from a multimap.

Parameters:

__position An iterator pointing to the element to be erased.

Returns:

An iterator pointing to the element immediately following position prior to the element being erased. If no such element exists, end() is returned.

This function erases an element, pointed to by the given iterator, from a multimap. Note that this function only erases the element, and that if the element is itself a pointer, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 614 of file stl_multimap.h.

Referenced by std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::erase().

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> size_type std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::erase (const key_type & __x) [inline]

Erases elements according to the provided key.

Parameters:

__x Key of element to be erased.

Returns:

The number of elements erased.

This function erases all elements located by the given key from a multimap. Note that this function only erases the element, and that if the element is itself a pointer, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 650 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::erase (const_iterator __first, const_iterator __last) [inline]

Erases a [first,last) range of elements from a multimap.

Parameters:

__first Iterator pointing to the start of the range to be erased.
__last Iterator pointing to the end of the range to be erased .

Returns:

The iterator __last.

This function erases a sequence of elements from a multimap. Note that this function only erases the elements, and that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 671 of file stl_multimap.h.

References std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::erase().

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::find (const key_type & __x) [inline]

Tries to locate an element in a multimap.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Iterator pointing to sought-after element, or end() if not found.

This function takes a key and tries to locate the element with which the key matches. If successful the function returns an iterator pointing to the sought after pair. If unsuccessful it returns the past-the-end ( end() ) iterator.

Definition at line 752 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::find (const _Kt & __x) -> decltype(_M_t._M_find_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Tries to locate an element in a multimap.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Iterator pointing to sought-after element, or end() if not found.

This function takes a key and tries to locate the element with which the key matches. If successful the function returns an iterator pointing to the sought after pair. If unsuccessful it returns the past-the-end ( end() ) iterator.

Definition at line 758 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::find (const key_type & __x) const [inline]

Tries to locate an element in a multimap.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Read-only (constant) iterator pointing to sought-after element, or end() if not found.

This function takes a key and tries to locate the element with which the key matches. If successful the function returns a constant iterator pointing to the sought after pair. If unsuccessful it returns the past-the-end ( end() ) iterator.

Definition at line 776 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::find (const _Kt & __x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_find_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Tries to locate an element in a multimap.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Read-only (constant) iterator pointing to sought-after element, or end() if not found.

This function takes a key and tries to locate the element with which the key matches. If successful the function returns a constant iterator pointing to the sought after pair. If unsuccessful it returns the past-the-end ( end() ) iterator.

Definition at line 782 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> allocator_type std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::get_allocator () const [inline], [noexcept]

Get a copy of the memory allocation object.

Definition at line 323 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::insert (const value_type & __x) [inline]

Inserts a std::pair into the multimap.

Parameters:

__x Pair to be inserted (see std::make_pair for easy creation of pairs).

Returns:

An iterator that points to the inserted (key,value) pair.

This function inserts a (key, value) pair into the multimap. Contrary to a std::map the multimap does not rely on unique keys and thus multiple pairs with the same key can be inserted.

Insertion requires logarithmic time.

Definition at line 520 of file stl_multimap.h.

Referenced by std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::insert().

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::insert (const_iterator __position, const value_type & __x) [inline]

Inserts a std::pair into the multimap.

Parameters:

__position An iterator that serves as a hint as to where the pair should be inserted.
__x Pair to be inserted (see std::make_pair for easy creation of pairs).

Returns:

An iterator that points to the inserted (key,value) pair.

This function inserts a (key, value) pair into the multimap. Contrary to a std::map the multimap does not rely on unique keys and thus multiple pairs with the same key can be inserted. Note that the first parameter is only a hint and can potentially improve the performance of the insertion process. A bad hint would cause no gains in efficiency.

For more on hinting, see: https://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/libstdc+…

Insertion requires logarithmic time (if the hint is not taken).

Definition at line 554 of file stl_multimap.h.

References std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::insert().

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _InputIterator > void std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::insert (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last) [inline]

A template function that attempts to insert a range of elements.

Parameters:

__first Iterator pointing to the start of the range to be inserted.
__last Iterator pointing to the end of the range.

Complexity similar to that of the range constructor.

Definition at line 581 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> void std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::insert (initializer_list< value_type > __l) [inline]

Attempts to insert a list of std::pairs into the multimap.

Parameters:

__l A std::initializer_list<value_type> of pairs to be inserted.

Complexity similar to that of the range constructor.

Definition at line 593 of file stl_multimap.h.

References std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::insert().

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> key_compare std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::key_comp () const [inline]

Returns the key comparison object out of which the multimap was constructed.

Definition at line 726 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::lower_bound (const key_type & __x) [inline]

Finds the beginning of a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Iterator pointing to first element equal to or greater than key, or end().

This function returns the first element of a subsequence of elements that matches the given key. If unsuccessful it returns an iterator pointing to the first element that has a greater value than given key or end() if no such element exists.

Definition at line 818 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::lower_bound (const _Kt & __x) -> decltype(_M_t._M_lower_bound_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Finds the beginning of a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Iterator pointing to first element equal to or greater than key, or end().

This function returns the first element of a subsequence of elements that matches the given key. If unsuccessful it returns an iterator pointing to the first element that has a greater value than given key or end() if no such element exists.

Definition at line 824 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::lower_bound (const key_type & __x) const [inline]

Finds the beginning of a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Read-only (constant) iterator pointing to first element equal to or greater than key, or end().

This function returns the first element of a subsequence of elements that matches the given key. If unsuccessful the iterator will point to the next greatest element or, if no such greater element exists, to end().

Definition at line 843 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::lower_bound (const _Kt & __x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_lower_bound_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Finds the beginning of a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Read-only (constant) iterator pointing to first element equal to or greater than key, or end().

This function returns the first element of a subsequence of elements that matches the given key. If unsuccessful the iterator will point to the next greatest element or, if no such greater element exists, to end().

Definition at line 849 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> size_type std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::max_size () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns the maximum size of the multimap.

Definition at line 450 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> multimap& std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::operator= (const multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc > & __x) [inline]

Multimap assignment operator. The dtor only erases the elements, and note that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Parameters:

__x A multimap of identical element and allocator types.

All the elements of __x are copied, but unlike the copy constructor, the allocator object is not copied.

Definition at line 291 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> multimap& std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::operator= (multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc > &&) [default]

Move assignment operator.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> multimap& std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::operator= (initializer_list< value_type > __l) [inline]

Multimap list assignment operator.

Parameters:

__l An initializer_list.

This function fills a multimap with copies of the elements in the initializer list __l.

Note that the assignment completely changes the multimap and that the resulting multimap's size is the same as the number of elements assigned. Old data may be lost.

Definition at line 314 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> reverse_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::rbegin () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write reverse iterator that points to the last pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in descending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 369 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_reverse_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::rbegin () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reverse iterator that points to the last pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in descending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 378 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> reverse_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::rend () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write reverse iterator that points to one before the first pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in descending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 387 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_reverse_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::rend () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reverse iterator that points to one before the first pair in the multimap. Iteration is done in descending order according to the keys.

Definition at line 396 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> size_type std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::size () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns the size of the multimap.

Definition at line 445 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> void std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::swap (multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc > & __x) [inline], [noexcept]

Swaps data with another multimap.

Parameters:

__x A multimap of the same element and allocator types.

This exchanges the elements between two multimaps in constant time. (It is only swapping a pointer, an integer, and an instance of the Compare type (which itself is often stateless and empty), so it should be quite fast.) Note that the global std::swap() function is specialized such that std::swap(m1,m2) will feed to this function.

Definition at line 706 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::upper_bound (const key_type & __x) [inline]

Finds the end of a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Iterator pointing to the first element greater than key, or end().

Definition at line 863 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::upper_bound (const _Kt & __x) -> decltype(_M_t._M_upper_bound_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Finds the end of a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Iterator pointing to the first element greater than key, or end().

Definition at line 869 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> const_iterator std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::upper_bound (const key_type & __x) const [inline]

Finds the end of a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Read-only (constant) iterator pointing to first iterator greater than key, or end().

Definition at line 883 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> template<typename _Kt > auto std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::upper_bound (const _Kt & __x) const -> decltype(_M_t._M_upper_bound_tr(__x))

[inline]"

Finds the end of a subsequence matching given key.

Parameters:

__x Key of (key, value) pair to be located.

Returns:

Read-only (constant) iterator pointing to first iterator greater than key, or end().

Definition at line 889 of file stl_multimap.h.

template<typename _Key, typename _Tp, typename _Compare = std::less<_Key>, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<std::pair<const _Key, _Tp> >> value_compare std::multimap< _Key, _Tp, _Compare, _Alloc >::value_comp () const [inline]

Returns a value comparison object, built from the key comparison object out of which the multimap was constructed.

Definition at line 734 of file stl_multimap.h.

Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for libstdc++ from the source code.

Info

Fri Sep 16 2016 libstdc++