std::list man page

std::list< _Tp, _Alloc > — A standard container with linear time access to elements, and fixed time insertion/deletion at any point in the sequence.

Synopsis

Inherits std::_List_base< _Tp, _Alloc >.

Public Types

typedef _Alloc allocator_type

typedef _List_const_iterator< _Tp > const_iterator

typedef _Tp_alloc_traits::const_pointer const_pointer

typedef _Tp_alloc_traits::const_reference const_reference

typedef std::reverse_iterator< const_iterator > const_reverse_iterator

typedef ptrdiff_t difference_type

typedef _List_iterator< _Tp > iterator

typedef _Tp_alloc_traits::pointer pointer

typedef _Tp_alloc_traits::reference reference

typedef std::reverse_iterator< iterator > reverse_iterator

typedef size_t size_type

typedef _Tp value_type

Public Member Functions

list () noexcept(is_nothrow_default_constructible< _Node_alloc_type >::value)
Creates a list with no elements.
list (const allocator_type &__a) noexcept
Creates a list with no elements.
list (size_type __n, const allocator_type &__a=allocator_type())
Creates a list with default constructed elements.
list (size_type __n, const value_type &__value, const allocator_type &__a=allocator_type())
Creates a list with copies of an exemplar element.
list (const list &__x)
List copy constructor.
list (list &&__x) noexcept
List move constructor.
list (initializer_list< value_type > __l, const allocator_type &__a=allocator_type())
Builds a list from an initializer_list.
list (const list &__x, const allocator_type &__a)

list (list &&__x, const allocator_type &__a) noexcept(_Node_alloc_traits::_S_always_equal())

template<typename _InputIterator , typename = std::_RequireInputIter<_InputIterator>> list (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last, const allocator_type &__a=allocator_type())
Builds a list from a range.
void assign (size_type __n, const value_type &__val)
Assigns a given value to a list.
template<typename _InputIterator , typename = std::_RequireInputIter<_InputIterator>> void assign (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last)
Assigns a range to a list.
void assign (initializer_list< value_type > __l)
Assigns an initializer_list to a list.
reference back () noexcept

const_reference back () const noexcept

iterator begin () noexcept

const_iterator begin () const noexcept

const_iterator cbegin () const noexcept

const_iterator cend () const noexcept

void clear () noexcept

const_reverse_iterator crbegin () const noexcept

const_reverse_iterator crend () const noexcept

template<typename... _Args> iterator emplace (const_iterator __position, _Args &&... __args)
Constructs object in list before specified iterator.
template<typename... _Args> void emplace_back (_Args &&... __args)

template<typename... _Args> void emplace_front (_Args &&... __args)

bool empty () const noexcept

iterator end () noexcept

const_iterator end () const noexcept

iterator erase (const_iterator __position) noexcept
Remove element at given position.
iterator erase (const_iterator __first, const_iterator __last) noexcept
Remove a range of elements.
reference front () noexcept

const_reference front () const noexcept

allocator_type get_allocator () const noexcept
Get a copy of the memory allocation object.
iterator insert (const_iterator __position, const value_type &__x)
Inserts given value into list before specified iterator.
iterator insert (const_iterator __position, value_type &&__x)
Inserts given rvalue into list before specified iterator.
iterator insert (const_iterator __p, initializer_list< value_type > __l)
Inserts the contents of an initializer_list into list before specified const_iterator.
iterator insert (const_iterator __position, size_type __n, const value_type &__x)
Inserts a number of copies of given data into the list.
template<typename _InputIterator , typename = std::_RequireInputIter<_InputIterator>> iterator insert (const_iterator __position, _InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last)
Inserts a range into the list.
size_type max_size () const noexcept

void merge (list &&__x)
Merge sorted lists.
void merge (list &__x)

template<typename _StrictWeakOrdering > void merge (list &&__x, _StrictWeakOrdering __comp)
Merge sorted lists according to comparison function.
template<typename _StrictWeakOrdering > void merge (list &__x, _StrictWeakOrdering __comp)

list & operator= (const list &__x)
List assignment operator.
list & operator= (list &&__x) noexcept(_Node_alloc_traits::_S_nothrow_move())
List move assignment operator.
list & operator= (initializer_list< value_type > __l)
List initializer list assignment operator.
void pop_back () noexcept
Removes last element.
void pop_front () noexcept
Removes first element.
void push_back (const value_type &__x)
Add data to the end of the list.
void push_back (value_type &&__x)

void push_front (const value_type &__x)
Add data to the front of the list.
void push_front (value_type &&__x)

reverse_iterator rbegin () noexcept

const_reverse_iterator rbegin () const noexcept

void remove (const _Tp &__value)
Remove all elements equal to value.
template<typename _Predicate > void remove_if (_Predicate)
Remove all elements satisfying a predicate.
reverse_iterator rend () noexcept

const_reverse_iterator rend () const noexcept

void resize (size_type __new_size)
Resizes the list to the specified number of elements.
void resize (size_type __new_size, const value_type &__x)
Resizes the list to the specified number of elements.
void reverse () noexcept
Reverse the elements in list.
size_type size () const noexcept

void sort ()
Sort the elements.
template<typename _StrictWeakOrdering > void sort (_StrictWeakOrdering)
Sort the elements according to comparison function.
void splice (const_iterator __position, list &&__x) noexcept
Insert contents of another list.
void splice (const_iterator __position, list &__x) noexcept

void splice (const_iterator __position, list &&__x, const_iterator __i) noexcept
Insert element from another list.
void splice (const_iterator __position, list &__x, const_iterator __i) noexcept
Insert element from another list.
void splice (const_iterator __position, list &&__x, const_iterator __first, const_iterator __last) noexcept
Insert range from another list.
void splice (const_iterator __position, list &__x, const_iterator __first, const_iterator __last) noexcept
Insert range from another list.
void swap (list &__x) noexcept
Swaps data with another list.
void unique ()
Remove consecutive duplicate elements.
template<typename _BinaryPredicate > void unique (_BinaryPredicate)
Remove consecutive elements satisfying a predicate.

Protected Types

typedef _List_node< _Tp > _Node

Protected Member Functions

template<typename _Integer > void _M_assign_dispatch (_Integer __n, _Integer __val, __true_type)

template<typename _InputIterator > void _M_assign_dispatch (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last, __false_type)

void _M_check_equal_allocators (list &__x) noexcept

void _M_clear () noexcept

template<typename... _Args> _Node * _M_create_node (_Args &&... __args)

void _M_dec_size (size_t)

void _M_default_append (size_type __n)

void _M_default_initialize (size_type __n)

size_t _M_distance (const void *, const void *) const

void _M_erase (iterator __position) noexcept

void _M_fill_assign (size_type __n, const value_type &__val)

void _M_fill_initialize (size_type __n, const value_type &__x)

_Node_alloc_traits::pointer _M_get_node ()

_Node_alloc_type & _M_get_Node_allocator () noexcept

const _Node_alloc_type & _M_get_Node_allocator () const noexcept

size_t _M_get_size () const

void _M_inc_size (size_t)

void _M_init () noexcept

template<typename _Integer > void _M_initialize_dispatch (_Integer __n, _Integer __x, __true_type)

template<typename _InputIterator > void _M_initialize_dispatch (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last, __false_type)

template<typename... _Args> void _M_insert (iterator __position, _Args &&... __args)

void _M_move_assign (list &&__x, true_type) noexcept

void _M_move_assign (list &&__x, false_type)

void _M_move_nodes (_List_base &&__x)

size_t _M_node_count () const

void _M_put_node (typename _Node_alloc_traits::pointer __p) noexcept

const_iterator _M_resize_pos (size_type &__new_size) const

void _M_set_size (size_t)

void _M_transfer (iterator __position, iterator __first, iterator __last)

Static Protected Member Functions

static size_t _S_distance (const __detail::_List_node_base *__first, const __detail::_List_node_base *__last)

Protected Attributes

_List_impl _M_impl

Detailed Description

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>>

class std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >" A standard container with linear time access to elements, and fixed time insertion/deletion at any point in the sequence.

Template Parameters:

_Tp Type of element.
_Alloc Allocator type, defaults to allocator<_Tp>.

Meets the requirements of a container, a reversible container, and a sequence, including the optional sequence requirements with the exception of at and operator[].

This is a doubly linked list. Traversal up and down the list requires linear time, but adding and removing elements (or nodes) is done in constant time, regardless of where the change takes place. Unlike std::vector and std::deque, random-access iterators are not provided, so subscripting ( [] ) access is not allowed. For algorithms which only need sequential access, this lack makes no difference.

Also unlike the other standard containers, std::list provides specialized algorithms unique to linked lists, such as splicing, sorting, and in-place reversal.

A couple points on memory allocation for list<Tp>:

First, we never actually allocate a Tp, we allocate List_node<Tp>'s and trust [20.1.5]/4 to DTRT. This is to ensure that after elements from list<X,Alloc1> are spliced into list<X,Alloc2>, destroying the memory of the second list is a valid operation, i.e., Alloc1 giveth and Alloc2 taketh away.

Second, a list conceptually represented as

A <---> B <---> C <---> D

is actually circular; a link exists between A and D. The list class holds (as its only data member) a private list::iterator pointing to D, not to A! To get to the head of the list, we start at the tail and move forward by one. When this member iterator's next/previous pointers refer to itself, the list is empty.

Definition at line 503 of file stl_list.h.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::list () [inline], [noexcept]

Creates a list with no elements.

Definition at line 585 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::list (const allocator_type & __a) [inline], [explicit], [noexcept]

Creates a list with no elements.

Parameters:

__a An allocator object.

Definition at line 596 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::list (size_type __n, const allocator_type & __a = allocator_type()) [inline], [explicit]

Creates a list with default constructed elements.

Parameters:

__n The number of elements to initially create.
__a An allocator object.

This constructor fills the list with __n default constructed elements.

Definition at line 609 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::list (size_type __n, const value_type & __value, const allocator_type & __a = allocator_type()) [inline]

Creates a list with copies of an exemplar element.

Parameters:

__n The number of elements to initially create.
__value An element to copy.
__a An allocator object.

This constructor fills the list with __n copies of __value.

Definition at line 621 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::list (const list< _Tp, _Alloc > & __x) [inline]

List copy constructor.

Parameters:

__x A list of identical element and allocator types.

The newly-created list uses a copy of the allocation object used by __x.

Definition at line 648 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::list (list< _Tp, _Alloc > && __x) [inline], [noexcept]

List move constructor.

Parameters:

__x A list of identical element and allocator types.

The newly-created list contains the exact contents of __x. The contents of __x are a valid, but unspecified list.

Definition at line 661 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::list (initializer_list< value_type > __l, const allocator_type & __a = allocator_type()) [inline]

Builds a list from an initializer_list.

Parameters:

__l An initializer_list of value_type.
__a An allocator object.

Create a list consisting of copies of the elements in the initializer_list __l. This is linear in __l.size().

Definition at line 672 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> template<typename _InputIterator , typename = std::_RequireInputIter<_InputIterator>> std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::list (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last, const allocator_type & __a = allocator_type()) [inline]

Builds a list from a range.

Parameters:

__first An input iterator.
__last An input iterator.
__a An allocator object.

Create a list consisting of copies of the elements from [__first,__last). This is linear in N (where N is distance(__first,__last)).

Definition at line 705 of file stl_list.h.

Member Function Documentation

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> template<typename... _Args> _Node* std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::_M_create_node (_Args &&... __args) [inline], [protected]

Parameters:

__args An instance of user data.

Allocates space for a new node and constructs a copy of __args in it.

Definition at line 566 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::assign (size_type __n, const value_type & __val) [inline]

Assigns a given value to a list.

Parameters:

__n Number of elements to be assigned.
__val Value to be assigned.

This function fills a list with __n copies of the given value. Note that the assignment completely changes the list and that the resulting list's size is the same as the number of elements assigned. Old data may be lost.

Definition at line 784 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> template<typename _InputIterator , typename = std::_RequireInputIter<_InputIterator>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::assign (_InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last) [inline]

Assigns a range to a list.

Parameters:

__first An input iterator.
__last An input iterator.

This function fills a list with copies of the elements in the range [__first,__last).

Note that the assignment completely changes the list and that the resulting list's size is the same as the number of elements assigned. Old data may be lost.

Definition at line 803 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::assign (initializer_list< value_type > __l) [inline]

Assigns an initializer_list to a list.

Parameters:

__l An initializer_list of value_type.

Replace the contents of the list with copies of the elements in the initializer_list __l. This is linear in __l.size().

Definition at line 825 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> reference std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::back () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write reference to the data at the last element of the list.

Definition at line 1025 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_reference std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::back () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reference to the data at the last element of the list.

Definition at line 1037 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::begin () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write iterator that points to the first element in the list. Iteration is done in ordinary element order.

Definition at line 840 of file stl_list.h.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::insert(), std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::list(), std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::merge(), std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::operator=(), std::operator==(), std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::sort(), and std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::splice().

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::begin () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) iterator that points to the first element in the list. Iteration is done in ordinary element order.

Definition at line 849 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::cbegin () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) iterator that points to the first element in the list. Iteration is done in ordinary element order.

Definition at line 913 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::cend () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) iterator that points one past the last element in the list. Iteration is done in ordinary element order.

Definition at line 922 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::clear () [inline], [noexcept]

Erases all the elements. Note that this function only erases the elements, and that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 1373 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_reverse_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::crbegin () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reverse iterator that points to the last element in the list. Iteration is done in reverse element order.

Definition at line 931 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_reverse_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::crend () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reverse iterator that points to one before the first element in the list. Iteration is done in reverse element order.

Definition at line 940 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > template<typename... _Args> list< _Tp, _Alloc >::iterator list::emplace (const_iterator __position, _Args &&... __args)

Constructs object in list before specified iterator.

Parameters:

__position A const_iterator into the list.
__args Arguments.

Returns:

An iterator that points to the inserted data.

This function will insert an object of type T constructed with T(std::forward<Args>(args)...) before the specified location. Due to the nature of a list this operation can be done in constant time, and does not invalidate iterators and references.

Definition at line 89 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> bool std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::empty () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns true if the list is empty. (Thus begin() would equal end().)

Definition at line 950 of file stl_list.h.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::insert(), std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::sort(), and std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::splice().

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::end () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write iterator that points one past the last element in the list. Iteration is done in ordinary element order.

Definition at line 858 of file stl_list.h.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::list(), std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::merge(), std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::operator=(), std::operator==(), and std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::splice().

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::end () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) iterator that points one past the last element in the list. Iteration is done in ordinary element order.

Definition at line 867 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > list< _Tp, _Alloc >::iterator list::erase (const_iterator __position) [noexcept]

Remove element at given position.

Parameters:

__position Iterator pointing to element to be erased.

Returns:

An iterator pointing to the next element (or end()).

This function will erase the element at the given position and thus shorten the list by one.

Due to the nature of a list this operation can be done in constant time, and only invalidates iterators/references to the element being removed. The user is also cautioned that this function only erases the element, and that if the element is itself a pointer, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 151 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::erase (const_iterator __first, const_iterator __last) [inline], [noexcept]

Remove a range of elements.

Parameters:

__first Iterator pointing to the first element to be erased.
__last Iterator pointing to one past the last element to be erased.

Returns:

An iterator pointing to the element pointed to by last prior to erasing (or end()).

This function will erase the elements in the range [first,last) and shorten the list accordingly.

This operation is linear time in the size of the range and only invalidates iterators/references to the element being removed. The user is also cautioned that this function only erases the elements, and that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 1333 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> reference std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::front () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write reference to the data at the first element of the list.

Definition at line 1009 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_reference std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::front () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reference to the data at the first element of the list.

Definition at line 1017 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> allocator_type std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::get_allocator () const [inline], [noexcept]

Get a copy of the memory allocation object.

Definition at line 831 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > list< _Tp, _Alloc >::iterator list::insert (const_iterator __position, const value_type & __x)

Inserts given value into list before specified iterator.

Parameters:

__position A const_iterator into the list.
__x Data to be inserted.

Returns:

An iterator that points to the inserted data.

This function will insert a copy of the given value before the specified location. Due to the nature of a list this operation can be done in constant time, and does not invalidate iterators and references.

Definition at line 102 of file list.tcc.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::insert().

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::insert (const_iterator __position, value_type && __x) [inline]

Inserts given rvalue into list before specified iterator.

Parameters:

__position A const_iterator into the list.
__x Data to be inserted.

Returns:

An iterator that points to the inserted data.

This function will insert a copy of the given rvalue before the specified location. Due to the nature of a list this operation can be done in constant time, and does not invalidate iterators and references.

Definition at line 1185 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::insert (const_iterator __p, initializer_list< value_type > __l) [inline]

Inserts the contents of an initializer_list into list before specified const_iterator.

Parameters:

__p A const_iterator into the list.
__l An initializer_list of value_type.

Returns:

An iterator pointing to the first element inserted (or __position).

This function will insert copies of the data in the initializer_list l into the list before the location specified by p.

This operation is linear in the number of elements inserted and does not invalidate iterators and references.

Definition at line 1204 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > list< _Tp, _Alloc >::iterator list::insert (const_iterator __position, size_type __n, const value_type & __x)

Inserts a number of copies of given data into the list.

Parameters:

__position A const_iterator into the list.
__n Number of elements to be inserted.
__x Data to be inserted.

Returns:

An iterator pointing to the first element inserted (or __position).

This function will insert a specified number of copies of the given data before the location specified by position.

This operation is linear in the number of elements inserted and does not invalidate iterators and references.

Definition at line 117 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > template<typename _InputIterator , typename > list< _Tp, _Alloc >::iterator list::insert (const_iterator __position, _InputIterator __first, _InputIterator __last)

Inserts a range into the list.

Parameters:

__position A const_iterator into the list.
__first An input iterator.
__last An input iterator.

Returns:

An iterator pointing to the first element inserted (or __position).

This function will insert copies of the data in the range [first,last) into the list before the location specified by position.

This operation is linear in the number of elements inserted and does not invalidate iterators and references.

Definition at line 133 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> size_type std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::max_size () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns the size() of the largest possible list.

Definition at line 960 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > void list::merge (list< _Tp, _Alloc > && __x)

Merge sorted lists.

Parameters:

__x Sorted list to merge.

Assumes that both __x and this list are sorted according to operator<(). Merges elements of __x into this list in sorted order, leaving __x empty when complete. Elements in this list precede elements in __x that are equal.

Definition at line 374 of file list.tcc.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::sort().

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > template<typename _StrictWeakOrdering > void list::merge (list< _Tp, _Alloc > && __x, _StrictWeakOrdering __comp)

Merge sorted lists according to comparison function.

Template Parameters:

_StrictWeakOrdering Comparison function defining sort order.

Parameters:

__x Sorted list to merge.
__comp Comparison functor.

Assumes that both __x and this list are sorted according to StrictWeakOrdering. Merges elements of __x into this list in sorted order, leaving __x empty when complete. Elements in this list precede elements in __x that are equivalent according to StrictWeakOrdering().

Definition at line 411 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > list< _Tp, _Alloc > & list::operator= (const list< _Tp, _Alloc > & __x)

List assignment operator. No explicit dtor needed as the _Base dtor takes care of things. The _Base dtor only erases the elements, and note that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Parameters:

__x A list of identical element and allocator types.

All the elements of __x are copied, but unlike the copy constructor, the allocator object is not copied.

Definition at line 267 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> list& std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::operator= (list< _Tp, _Alloc > && __x) [inline], [noexcept]

List move assignment operator.

Parameters:

__x A list of identical element and allocator types.

The contents of __x are moved into this list (without copying). __x is a valid, but unspecified list

Definition at line 748 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> list& std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::operator= (initializer_list< value_type > __l) [inline]

List initializer list assignment operator.

Parameters:

__l An initializer_list of value_type.

Replace the contents of the list with copies of the elements in the initializer_list __l. This is linear in l.size().

Definition at line 766 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::pop_back () [inline], [noexcept]

Removes last element. This is a typical stack operation. It shrinks the list by one. Due to the nature of a list this operation can be done in constant time, and only invalidates iterators/references to the element being removed.

Note that no data is returned, and if the last element's data is needed, it should be retrieved before pop_back() is called.

Definition at line 1123 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::pop_front () [inline], [noexcept]

Removes first element. This is a typical stack operation. It shrinks the list by one. Due to the nature of a list this operation can be done in constant time, and only invalidates iterators/references to the element being removed.

Note that no data is returned, and if the first element's data is needed, it should be retrieved before pop_front() is called.

Definition at line 1083 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::push_back (const value_type & __x) [inline]

Add data to the end of the list.

Parameters:

__x Data to be added.

This is a typical stack operation. The function creates an element at the end of the list and assigns the given data to it. Due to the nature of a list this operation can be done in constant time, and does not invalidate iterators and references.

Definition at line 1097 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::push_front (const value_type & __x) [inline]

Add data to the front of the list.

Parameters:

__x Data to be added.

This is a typical stack operation. The function creates an element at the front of the list and assigns the given data to it. Due to the nature of a list this operation can be done in constant time, and does not invalidate iterators and references.

Definition at line 1056 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> reverse_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::rbegin () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write reverse iterator that points to the last element in the list. Iteration is done in reverse element order.

Definition at line 876 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_reverse_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::rbegin () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reverse iterator that points to the last element in the list. Iteration is done in reverse element order.

Definition at line 885 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc > void list::remove (const _Tp & __value)

Remove all elements equal to value.

Parameters:

__value The value to remove.

Removes every element in the list equal to value. Remaining elements stay in list order. Note that this function only erases the elements, and that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 325 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > template<typename _Predicate > void list::remove_if (_Predicate __pred)

Remove all elements satisfying a predicate.

Template Parameters:

_Predicate Unary predicate function or object.

Removes every element in the list for which the predicate returns true. Remaining elements stay in list order. Note that this function only erases the elements, and that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 484 of file list.tcc.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::sort().

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> reverse_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::rend () [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read/write reverse iterator that points to one before the first element in the list. Iteration is done in reverse element order.

Definition at line 894 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> const_reverse_iterator std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::rend () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns a read-only (constant) reverse iterator that points to one before the first element in the list. Iteration is done in reverse element order.

Definition at line 903 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > void list::resize (size_type __new_size)

Resizes the list to the specified number of elements.

Parameters:

__new_size Number of elements the list should contain.

This function will resize the list to the specified number of elements. If the number is smaller than the list's current size the list is truncated, otherwise default constructed elements are appended.

Definition at line 230 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > void list::resize (size_type __new_size, const value_type & __x)

Resizes the list to the specified number of elements.

Parameters:

__new_size Number of elements the list should contain.
__x Data with which new elements should be populated.

This function will resize the list to the specified number of elements. If the number is smaller than the list's current size the list is truncated, otherwise the list is extended and new elements are populated with given data.

Definition at line 242 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::reverse () [inline], [noexcept]

Reverse the elements in list. Reverse the order of elements in the list in linear time.

Definition at line 1657 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> size_type std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::size () const [inline], [noexcept]

Returns the number of elements in the list.

Definition at line 955 of file stl_list.h.

Referenced by std::operator==().

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > void list::sort ()

Sort the elements. Sorts the elements of this list in NlogN time. Equivalent elements remain in list order.

Definition at line 446 of file list.tcc.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::merge(), and std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::unique().

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > template<typename _StrictWeakOrdering > void list::sort (_StrictWeakOrdering __comp)

Sort the elements according to comparison function. Sorts the elements of this list in NlogN time. Equivalent elements remain in list order.

Definition at line 523 of file list.tcc.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::splice (const_iterator __position, list< _Tp, _Alloc > && __x) [inline], [noexcept]

Insert contents of another list.

Parameters:

__position Iterator referencing the element to insert before.
__x Source list.

The elements of __x are inserted in constant time in front of the element referenced by __position. __x becomes an empty list.

Requires this != __x.

Definition at line 1393 of file stl_list.h.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::sort().

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::splice (const_iterator __position, list< _Tp, _Alloc > && __x, const_iterator __i) [inline], [noexcept]

Insert element from another list.

Parameters:

__position Const_iterator referencing the element to insert before.
__x Source list.
__i Const_iterator referencing the element to move.

Removes the element in list __x referenced by __i and inserts it into the current list before __position.

Definition at line 1428 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::splice (const_iterator __position, list< _Tp, _Alloc > & __x, const_iterator __i) [inline], [noexcept]

Insert element from another list.

Parameters:

__position Const_iterator referencing the element to insert before.
__x Source list.
__i Const_iterator referencing the element to move.

Removes the element in list __x referenced by __i and inserts it into the current list before __position.

Definition at line 1470 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::splice (const_iterator __position, list< _Tp, _Alloc > && __x, const_iterator __first, const_iterator __last) [inline], [noexcept]

Insert range from another list.

Parameters:

__position Const_iterator referencing the element to insert before.
__x Source list.
__first Const_iterator referencing the start of range in x.
__last Const_iterator referencing the end of range in x.

Removes elements in the range [__first,__last) and inserts them before __position in constant time.

Undefined if __position is in [__first,__last).

Definition at line 1489 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::splice (const_iterator __position, list< _Tp, _Alloc > & __x, const_iterator __first, const_iterator __last) [inline], [noexcept]

Insert range from another list.

Parameters:

__position Const_iterator referencing the element to insert before.
__x Source list.
__first Const_iterator referencing the start of range in x.
__last Const_iterator referencing the end of range in x.

Removes elements in the range [__first,__last) and inserts them before __position in constant time.

Undefined if __position is in [__first,__last).

Definition at line 1539 of file stl_list.h.

template<typename _Tp, typename _Alloc = std::allocator<_Tp>> void std::list< _Tp, _Alloc >::swap (list< _Tp, _Alloc > & __x) [inline], [noexcept]

Swaps data with another list.

Parameters:

__x A list of the same element and allocator types.

This exchanges the elements between two lists in constant time. Note that the global std::swap() function is specialized such that std::swap(l1,l2) will feed to this function.

Definition at line 1353 of file stl_list.h.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::sort().

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > void list::unique ()

Remove consecutive duplicate elements. For each consecutive set of elements with the same value, remove all but the first one. Remaining elements stay in list order. Note that this function only erases the elements, and that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 353 of file list.tcc.

Referenced by std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::remove(), and std::list< __inp, __rebind_inp >::remove_if().

template<typename _Tp , typename _Alloc > template<typename _BinaryPredicate > void list::unique (_BinaryPredicate __binary_pred)

Remove consecutive elements satisfying a predicate.

Template Parameters:

_BinaryPredicate Binary predicate function or object.

For each consecutive set of elements [first,last) that satisfy predicate(first,i) where i is an iterator in [first,last), remove all but the first one. Remaining elements stay in list order. Note that this function only erases the elements, and that if the elements themselves are pointers, the pointed-to memory is not touched in any way. Managing the pointer is the user's responsibility.

Definition at line 502 of file list.tcc.

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Fri Sep 16 2016 libstdc++