ssl.3erl - Man Page

Interface Functions for Secure Socket Layer

Description

This module contains interface functions for the TLS/DTLS protocol. For detailed information about the supported standards see ssl(6).

Data Types

Types used in TLS/DTLS

socket() = gen_tcp:socket()
sslsocket() = any()

An opaque reference to the TLS/DTLS connection, may be used for equality matching.

tls_option() = tls_client_option() | tls_server_option()
tls_client_option() = 
    client_option() |
    common_option() |
    socket_option() |
    transport_option()
tls_server_option() = 
    server_option() |
    common_option() |
    socket_option() |
    transport_option()
socket_option() = 
    gen_tcp:connect_option() |
    gen_tcp:listen_option() |
    gen_udp:option()

The default socket options are [{mode,list},{packet, 0},{header, 0},{active, true}].

For valid options, see the inet(3), gen_tcp(3) and gen_udp(3) manual pages in Kernel. Note that stream oriented options such as packet are only relevant for TLS and not DTLS

active_msgs() = 
    {ssl, sslsocket(), Data :: binary() | list()} |
    {ssl_closed, sslsocket()} |
    {ssl_error, sslsocket(), Reason :: any()} |
    {ssl_passive, sslsocket()}

When a TLS/DTLS socket is in active mode (the default), data from the socket is delivered to the owner of the socket in the form of messages as described above.

The ssl_passive message is sent only when the socket is in {active, N} mode and the counter dropped to 0. It indicates that the socket has transitioned to passive ({active, false}) mode.

transport_option() = 
    {cb_info,
     {CallbackModule :: atom(),
      DataTag :: atom(),
      ClosedTag :: atom(),
      ErrTag :: atom()}} |
    {cb_info,
     {CallbackModule :: atom(),
      DataTag :: atom(),
      ClosedTag :: atom(),
      ErrTag :: atom(),
      PassiveTag :: atom()}}

Defaults to {gen_tcp, tcp, tcp_closed, tcp_error, tcp_passive} for TLS (for backward compatibility a four tuple will be converted to a five tuple with the last element "second_element"_passive) and {gen_udp, udp, udp_closed, udp_error} for DTLS (might also be changed to five tuple in the future). Can be used to customize the transport layer. The tag values should be the values used by the underlying transport in its active mode messages. For TLS the callback module must implement a reliable transport protocol, behave as gen_tcp, and have functions corresponding to inet:setopts/2, inet:getopts/2, inet:peername/1, inet:sockname/1, and inet:port/1. The callback gen_tcp is treated specially and calls inet directly. For DTLS this feature must be considered exprimental.

host() = hostname() | ip_address()
hostname() = string()
ip_address() = inet:ip_address()
protocol_version() = tls_version() | dtls_version()
tls_version() = 'tlsv1.2' | 'tlsv1.3' | tls_legacy_version()
dtls_version() = 'dtlsv1.2' | dtls_legacy_version()
tls_legacy_version() = tlsv1 | 'tlsv1.1'
dtls_legacy_version() = dtlsv1
prf_random() = client_random | server_random
verify_type() = verify_none | verify_peer
ciphers() = [erl_cipher_suite()] | string()
erl_cipher_suite() = 
    #{key_exchange := kex_algo(),
      cipher := cipher(),
      mac := hash() | aead,
      prf := hash() | default_prf}
cipher() = 
    aes_128_cbc | aes_256_cbc | aes_128_gcm | aes_256_gcm |
    aes_128_ccm | aes_256_ccm | aes_128_ccm_8 | aes_256_ccm_8 |
    chacha20_poly1305 |
    legacy_cipher()
legacy_cipher() = rc4_128 | des_cbc | '3des_ede_cbc'
cipher_filters() = 
    [{key_exchange | cipher | mac | prf, algo_filter()}]
hash() = sha | sha2() | legacy_hash()
sha2() = sha224 | sha256 | sha384 | sha512
legacy_hash() = md5
old_cipher_suite() = 
    {kex_algo(), cipher(), hash()} |
    {kex_algo(), cipher(), hash() | aead, hash()}
signature_algs() = [{hash(), sign_algo()}]
sign_algo() = rsa | dsa | ecdsa
sign_scheme() = 
    rsa_pkcs1_sha256 | rsa_pkcs1_sha384 | rsa_pkcs1_sha512 |
    ecdsa_secp256r1_sha256 | ecdsa_secp384r1_sha384 |
    ecdsa_secp521r1_sha512 | rsa_pss_rsae_sha256 |
    rsa_pss_rsae_sha384 | rsa_pss_rsae_sha512 |
    rsa_pss_pss_sha256 | rsa_pss_pss_sha384 | rsa_pss_pss_sha512 |
    rsa_pkcs1_sha1 | ecdsa_sha1
group() = 
    secp256r1 | secp384r1 | secp521r1 | ffdhe2048 | ffdhe3072 |
    ffdhe4096 | ffdhe6144 | ffdhe8192
kex_algo() = 
    rsa | dhe_rsa | dhe_dss | ecdhe_ecdsa | ecdh_ecdsa |
    ecdh_rsa | srp_rsa | srp_dss | psk | dhe_psk | rsa_psk |
    dh_anon | ecdh_anon | srp_anon | any
algo_filter() = 
    fun((kex_algo() | cipher() | hash() | aead | default_prf) ->
            true | false)
named_curve() = 
    sect571r1 | sect571k1 | secp521r1 | brainpoolP512r1 |
    sect409k1 | sect409r1 | brainpoolP384r1 | secp384r1 |
    sect283k1 | sect283r1 | brainpoolP256r1 | secp256k1 |
    secp256r1 | sect239k1 | sect233k1 | sect233r1 | secp224k1 |
    secp224r1 | sect193r1 | sect193r2 | secp192k1 | secp192r1 |
    sect163k1 | sect163r1 | sect163r2 | secp160k1 | secp160r1 |
    secp160r2
psk_identity() = string()
srp_identity() = {Username :: string(), Password :: string()}
srp_param_type() = 
    srp_1024 | srp_1536 | srp_2048 | srp_3072 | srp_4096 |
    srp_6144 | srp_8192
app_level_protocol() = binary()
protocol_extensions() = 
    #{renegotiation_info => binary(),
      signature_algs => signature_algs(),
      alpn => app_level_protocol(),
      srp => binary(),
      next_protocol => app_level_protocol(),
      max_frag_enum => 1..4,
      ec_point_formats => [0..2],
      elliptic_curves => [public_key:oid()],
      sni => hostname()}
error_alert() = 
    {tls_alert, {tls_alert(), Description :: string()}}
tls_alert() = 
    close_notify | unexpected_message | bad_record_mac |
    record_overflow | handshake_failure | bad_certificate |
    unsupported_certificate | certificate_revoked |
    certificate_expired | certificate_unknown |
    illegal_parameter | unknown_ca | access_denied |
    decode_error | decrypt_error | export_restriction |
    protocol_version | insufficient_security | internal_error |
    inappropriate_fallback | user_canceled | no_renegotiation |
    unsupported_extension | certificate_unobtainable |
    unrecognized_name | bad_certificate_status_response |
    bad_certificate_hash_value | unknown_psk_identity |
    no_application_protocol
reason() = any()
bloom_filter_window_size() = integer()
bloom_filter_hash_functions() = integer()
bloom_filter_bits() = integer()
client_session_tickets() = disabled | manual | auto
server_session_tickets() = disabled | stateful | stateless

TLS/DTLS OPTION DESCRIPTIONS - COMMON for SERVER and CLIENT

common_option() = 
    {protocol, protocol()} |
    {handshake, handshake_completion()} |
    {cert, cert()} |
    {certfile, cert_pem()} |
    {key, key()} |
    {keyfile, key_pem()} |
    {password, key_password()} |
    {ciphers, cipher_suites()} |
    {eccs, [named_curve()]} |
    {signature_algs_cert, signature_schemes()} |
    {supported_groups, supported_groups()} |
    {secure_renegotiate, secure_renegotiation()} |
    {depth, allowed_cert_chain_length()} |
    {verify_fun, custom_verify()} |
    {crl_check, crl_check()} |
    {crl_cache, crl_cache_opts()} |
    {max_handshake_size, handshake_size()} |
    {partial_chain, root_fun()} |
    {versions, protocol_versions()} |
    {user_lookup_fun, custom_user_lookup()} |
    {log_level, logging_level()} |
    {log_alert, log_alert()} |
    {hibernate_after, hibernate_after()} |
    {padding_check, padding_check()} |
    {beast_mitigation, beast_mitigation()} |
    {ssl_imp, ssl_imp()} |
    {session_tickets, session_tickets()} |
    {key_update_at, key_update_at()} |
    {middlebox_comp_mode, middlebox_comp_mode()}
protocol() = tls | dtls

Choose TLS or DTLS protocol for the transport layer security. Defaults to tls. For DTLS other transports than UDP are not yet supported.

handshake_completion() = hello | full

Defaults to full. If hello is specified the handshake will pause after the hello message and give the user a possibility make decisions based on hello extensions before continuing or aborting the handshake by calling  handshake_continue/3 or  handshake_cancel/1

cert() = public_key:der_encoded()

The DER-encoded users certificate. If this option is supplied, it overrides option certfile.

cert_pem() = file:filename()

Path to a file containing the user certificate on PEM format.

key() = 
    {'RSAPrivateKey' | 'DSAPrivateKey' | 'ECPrivateKey' |
     'PrivateKeyInfo',
     public_key:der_encoded()} |
    #{algorithm := rsa | dss | ecdsa,
      engine := crypto:engine_ref(),
      key_id := crypto:key_id(),
      password => crypto:password()}

The DER-encoded user's private key or a map refering to a crypto engine and its key reference that optionally can be password protected, seealso  crypto:engine_load/4  and  Crypto's Users Guide. If this option is supplied, it overrides option keyfile.

key_pem() = file:filename()

Path to the file containing the user's private PEM-encoded key. As PEM-files can contain several entries, this option defaults to the same file as given by option certfile.

key_password() = string()

String containing the user's password. Only used if the private keyfile is password-protected.

cipher_suites() = ciphers()

A list of cipher suites that should be supported

The function  ssl:cipher_suites/2  can be used to find all cipher suites that are supported by default and all cipher suites that may be configured.

If you compose your own cipher_suites() make sure they are filtered for cryptolib support  ssl:filter_cipher_suites/2  Additionaly the functions  ssl:append_cipher_suites/2  ,  ssl:prepend_cipher_suites/2, ssl:suite_to_str/1, ssl:str_to_suite/1, and ssl:suite_to_openssl_str/1 also exist to help creating customized cipher suite lists.

Note:

Note that TLS-1.3 and TLS-1.2 cipher suites are not overlapping sets of cipher suites so to support both these versions cipher suites from both versions need to be included. If supporting TLS-1.3 versions prior to TLS-1.2 can not be supported.

Non-default cipher suites including anonymous cipher suites (PRE TLS-1.3) are supported for interop/testing purposes and may be used by adding them to your cipher suite list. Note that they must also be supported/enabled by the peer to actually be used.

signature_schemes() = [sign_scheme()]

In addition to the signature_algorithms extension from TLS 1.2, TLS 1.3 (RFC 5246 Section 4.2.3)adds the signature_algorithms_cert extension which enables having special requirements on the signatures used in the certificates that differs from the requirements on digital signatures as a whole. If this is not required this extension is not needed.

The client will send a signature_algorithms_cert extension (ClientHello), if TLS version 1.3 or later is used, and the signature_algs_cert option is explicitly specified. By default, only the signature_algs extension is sent.

The signature schemes shall be ordered according to the client's preference (favorite choice first).

supported_groups() = [group()]

TLS 1.3 introduces the "supported_groups" extension that is used for negotiating the Diffie-Hellman parameters in a TLS 1.3 handshake. Both client and server can specify a list of parameters that they are willing to use.

If it is not specified it will use a default list ([x25519, x448, secp256r1, secp384r1]) that is filtered based on the installed crypto library version.

secure_renegotiation() = boolean()

Specifies if to reject renegotiation attempt that does not live up to RFC 5746. By default secure_renegotiate is set to true, that is, secure renegotiation is enforced. If set to false secure renegotiation will still be used if possible, but it falls back to insecure renegotiation if the peer does not support RFC 5746.

allowed_cert_chain_length() = integer()

Maximum number of non-self-issued intermediate certificates that can follow the peer certificate in a valid certification path. So, if depth is 0 the PEER must be signed by the trusted ROOT-CA directly; if 1 the path can be PEER, CA, ROOT-CA; if 2 the path can be PEER, CA, CA, ROOT-CA, and so on. The default value is 1.

custom_verify() = 
    {Verifyfun :: function(), InitialUserState :: any()}

The verification fun is to be defined as follows:

fun(OtpCert :: #'OTPCertificate'{}, Event :: {bad_cert, Reason :: atom() |
             {revoked, atom()}} |
	     {extension, #'Extension'{}} | valid | valid_peer, InitialUserState :: term()) ->
	{valid, UserState :: term()} |
	{fail, Reason :: term()} | {unknown, UserState :: term()}.

The verification fun is called during the X509-path validation when an error or an extension unknown to the SSL application is encountered. It is also called when a certificate is considered valid by the path validation to allow access to each certificate in the path to the user application. It differentiates between the peer certificate and the CA certificates by using valid_peer or valid as second argument to the verification fun. See the public_key User's Guide for definition of #'OTPCertificate'{} and #'Extension'{}.

  • If the verify callback fun returns {fail, Reason}, the verification process is immediately stopped, an alert is sent to the peer, and the TLS/DTLS handshake terminates.
  • If the verify callback fun returns {valid, UserState}, the verification process continues.
  • If the verify callback fun always returns {valid, UserState}, the TLS/DTLS handshake does not terminate regarding verification failures and the connection is established.
  • If called with an extension unknown to the user application, return value {unknown, UserState} is to be used.

    Note that if the fun returns unknown for an extension marked as critical, validation will fail.

Default option verify_fun in verify_peer mode:

{fun(_,{bad_cert, _} = Reason, _) ->
	 {fail, Reason};
    (_,{extension, _}, UserState) ->
	 {unknown, UserState};
    (_, valid, UserState) ->
	 {valid, UserState};
    (_, valid_peer, UserState) ->
         {valid, UserState}
 end, []}

Default option verify_fun in mode verify_none:

{fun(_,{bad_cert, _}, UserState) ->
	 {valid, UserState};
    (_,{extension, #'Extension'{critical = true}}, UserState) ->
	 {valid, UserState};
    (_,{extension, _}, UserState) ->
	 {unknown, UserState};
    (_, valid, UserState) ->
	 {valid, UserState};
    (_, valid_peer, UserState) ->
         {valid, UserState}
 end, []}

The possible path validation errors are given on form {bad_cert, Reason} where Reason is:

unknown_ca:

No trusted CA was found in the trusted store. The trusted CA is normally a so called ROOT CA, which is a self-signed certificate. Trust can be claimed for an intermediate CA (trusted anchor does not have to be self-signed according to X-509) by using option partial_chain.

selfsigned_peer:

The chain consisted only of one self-signed certificate.

PKIX X-509-path validation error:

For possible reasons, see public_key:pkix_path_validation/3

crl_check() = boolean() | peer | best_effort

Perform CRL (Certificate Revocation List) verification  (public_key:pkix_crls_validate/3) on all the certificates during the path validation (public_key:pkix_path_validation/3)  of the certificate chain. Defaults to false.

peer:

check is only performed on the peer certificate.

best_effort:

if certificate revocation status cannot be determined it will be accepted as valid.

The CA certificates specified for the connection will be used to construct the certificate chain validating the CRLs.

The CRLs will be fetched from a local or external cache. See ssl_crl_cache_api(3).

crl_cache_opts() = 
    {Module :: atom(),
     {DbHandle :: internal | term(), Args :: list()}}

Specify how to perform lookup and caching of certificate revocation lists. Module defaults to ssl_crl_cache with DbHandle being internal and an empty argument list.

There are two implementations available:

ssl_crl_cache:

This module maintains a cache of CRLs. CRLs can be added to the cache using the function ssl_crl_cache:insert/1, and optionally automatically fetched through HTTP if the following argument is specified:

{http, timeout()}:

Enables fetching of CRLs specified as http URIs inX509 certificate extensions. Requires the OTP inets application.

ssl_crl_hash_dir:

This module makes use of a directory where CRLs are stored in files named by the hash of the issuer name.

The file names consist of eight hexadecimal digits followed by .rN, where N is an integer, e.g. 1a2b3c4d.r0. For the first version of the CRL, N starts at zero, and for each new version, N is incremented by one. The OpenSSL utility c_rehash creates symlinks according to this pattern.
For a given hash value, this module finds all consecutive .r* files starting from zero, and those files taken together make up the revocation list. CRL files whose nextUpdate fields are in the past, or that are issued by a different CA that happens to have the same name hash, are excluded.
The following argument is required:

{dir, string()}:

Specifies the directory in which the CRLs can be found.

root_fun() = function()
fun(Chain::[public_key:der_encoded()]) ->
	{trusted_ca, DerCert::public_key:der_encoded()} | unknown_ca}

Claim an intermediate CA in the chain as trusted. TLS then performs public_key:pkix_path_validation/3 with the selected CA as trusted anchor and the rest of the chain.

protocol_versions() = [protocol_version()]

TLS protocol versions supported by started clients and servers. This option overrides the application environment option protocol_version and dtls_protocol_version. If the environment option is not set, it defaults to all versions, supported by the SSL application. See also ssl(6).

custom_user_lookup() = 
    {Lookupfun :: function(), UserState :: any()}

The lookup fun is to defined as follows:

fun(psk, PSKIdentity :: binary(), UserState :: term()) ->
	{ok, SharedSecret :: binary()} | error;
fun(srp, Username :: binary(), UserState :: term()) ->
	{ok, {SRPParams :: srp_param_type(), Salt :: binary(),
	      DerivedKey :: binary()}} | error.

For Pre-Shared Key (PSK) cipher suites, the lookup fun is called by the client and server to determine the shared secret. When called by the client, PSKIdentity is set to the hint presented by the server or to undefined. When called by the server, PSKIdentity is the identity presented by the client.

For Secure Remote Password (SRP), the fun is only used by the server to obtain parameters that it uses to generate its session keys. DerivedKey is to be derived according to  RFC 2945 and  RFC 5054: crypto:sha([Salt, crypto:sha([Username, <<$:>>, Password])])

session_id() = binary()

Identifies a TLS session.

log_alert() = boolean()

If set to false, TLS/DTLS Alert reports are not displayed. Deprecated in OTP 22, use {log_level, logging_level()} instead.

logging_level() = logger:level()

Specifies the log level for a TLS/DTLS connection. Alerts are logged on notice level, which is the default level. The level debug triggers verbose logging of TLS/DTLS protocol messages. See also ssl(6)

hibernate_after() = timeout()

When an integer-value is specified, TLS/DTLS-connection goes into hibernation after the specified number of milliseconds of inactivity, thus reducing its memory footprint. When undefined is specified (this is the default), the process never goes into hibernation.

handshake_size() = integer()

Integer (24 bits unsigned). Used to limit the size of valid TLS handshake packets to avoid DoS attacks. Defaults to 256*1024.

padding_check() = boolean()

Affects TLS-1.0 connections only. If set to false, it disables the block cipher padding check to be able to interoperate with legacy software.

Warning:

Using {padding_check, boolean()} makes TLS vulnerable to the Poodle attack.

beast_mitigation() = one_n_minus_one | zero_n | disabled

Affects TLS-1.0 connections only. Used to change the BEAST mitigation strategy to interoperate with legacy software. Defaults to one_n_minus_one.

one_n_minus_one - Perform 1/n-1 BEAST mitigation.

zero_n - Perform 0/n BEAST mitigation.

disabled - Disable BEAST mitigation.

Warning:

Using {beast_mitigation, disabled} makes TLS-1.0 vulnerable to the BEAST attack.

ssl_imp() = new | old

Deprecated since OTP-17, has no affect.

session_tickets() = 
    client_session_tickets() | server_session_tickets()

Configures the session ticket functionalty in TLS 1.3 client and server.

key_update_at() = integer() >= 1

Configures the maximum amount of bytes that can be sent on a TLS 1.3 connection before an automatic key update is performed.

There are cryptographic limits on the amount of plaintext which can be safely encrypted under a given set of keys. The current default ensures that data integrity will not be breached with probability greater than 1/2^57. For more information see Limits on Authenticated Encryption Use in TLS.

Warning:

The default value of this option shall provide the above mentioned security guarantees and it shall be reasonable for most applications (~353 TB).

middlebox_comp_mode() = boolean()

Configures the middlebox compatibility mode on a TLS 1.3 connection.

A significant number of middleboxes misbehave when a TLS 1.3 connection is negotiated. Implementations can increase the chance of making connections through those middleboxes by making the TLS 1.3 handshake more like a TLS 1.2 handshake.

The middlebox compatibility mode is enabled (true) by default.

TLS/Dtls Option Descriptions - Client

client_option() = 
    {verify, client_verify_type()} |
    {reuse_session, client_reuse_session()} |
    {reuse_sessions, client_reuse_sessions()} |
    {cacerts, client_cacerts()} |
    {cacertfile, client_cafile()} |
    {alpn_advertised_protocols, client_alpn()} |
    {client_preferred_next_protocols,
     client_preferred_next_protocols()} |
    {psk_identity, client_psk_identity()} |
    {srp_identity, client_srp_identity()} |
    {server_name_indication, sni()} |
    {max_fragment_length, max_fragment_length()} |
    {customize_hostname_check, customize_hostname_check()} |
    {signature_algs, client_signature_algs()} |
    {fallback, fallback()} |
    {session_tickets, client_session_tickets()} |
    {use_ticket, use_ticket()}
client_verify_type() = verify_type()

In mode verify_none the default behavior is to allow all x509-path validation errors. See also option verify_fun.

client_reuse_session() = session_id()

Reuses a specific session earlier saved with the option {reuse_sessions, save} since OTP-21.3

client_reuse_sessions() = boolean() | save

When save is specified a new connection will be negotiated and saved for later reuse. The session ID can be fetched with connection_information/2 and used with the client option reuse_session The boolean value true specifies that if possible, automatized session reuse will be performed. If a new session is created, and is unique in regard to previous stored sessions, it will be saved for possible later reuse. Since OTP-21.3

client_cacerts() = [public_key:der_encoded()]

The DER-encoded trusted certificates. If this option is supplied it overrides option cacertfile.

client_cafile() = file:filename()

Path to a file containing PEM-encoded CA certificates. The CA certificates are used during server authentication and when building the client certificate chain.

client_alpn() = [app_level_protocol()]

The list of protocols supported by the client to be sent to the server to be used for an Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN). If the server supports ALPN then it will choose a protocol from this list; otherwise it will fail the connection with a "no_application_protocol" alert. A server that does not support ALPN will ignore this value.

The list of protocols must not contain an empty binary.

The negotiated protocol can be retrieved using the negotiated_protocol/1 function.

client_preferred_next_protocols() = 
    {Precedence :: server | client,
     ClientPrefs :: [app_level_protocol()]} |
    {Precedence :: server | client,
     ClientPrefs :: [app_level_protocol()],
     Default :: app_level_protocol()}

Indicates that the client is to try to perform Next Protocol Negotiation.

If precedence is server, the negotiated protocol is the first protocol to be shown on the server advertised list, which is also on the client preference list.

If precedence is client, the negotiated protocol is the first protocol to be shown on the client preference list, which is also on the server advertised list.

If the client does not support any of the server advertised protocols or the server does not advertise any protocols, the client falls back to the first protocol in its list or to the default protocol (if a default is supplied). If the server does not support Next Protocol Negotiation, the connection terminates if no default protocol is supplied.

max_fragment_length() = undefined | 512 | 1024 | 2048 | 4096

Specifies the maximum fragment length the client is prepared to accept from the server. See RFC 6066

client_psk_identity() = psk_identity()

Specifies the identity the client presents to the server. The matching secret is found by calling user_lookup_fun

client_srp_identity() = srp_identity()

Specifies the username and password to use to authenticate to the server.

sni() = hostname() | disable

Specify the hostname to be used in TLS Server Name Indication extension. If not specified it will default to the Host argument of connect/[3,4] unless it is of type inet:ipaddress().

The HostName will also be used in the hostname verification of the peer certificate using public_key:pkix_verify_hostname/2.

The special value disable prevents the Server Name Indication extension from being sent and disables the hostname verification check public_key:pkix_verify_hostname/2

customize_hostname_check() = list()

Customizes the hostname verification of the peer certificate, as different protocols that use TLS such as HTTP or LDAP may want to do it differently, for possible options see public_key:pkix_verify_hostname/3

fallback() = boolean()

Send special cipher suite TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV to avoid undesired TLS version downgrade. Defaults to false

Warning:

Note this option is not needed in normal TLS usage and should not be used to implement new clients. But legacy clients that retries connections in the following manner

ssl:connect(Host, Port, [...{versions, ['tlsv2', 'tlsv1.1', 'tlsv1']}])

ssl:connect(Host, Port, [...{versions, [tlsv1.1', 'tlsv1']}, {fallback, true}])

ssl:connect(Host, Port, [...{versions, ['tlsv1']}, {fallback, true}])

may use it to avoid undesired TLS version downgrade. Note that TLS_FALLBACK_SCSV must also be supported by the server for the prevention to work.

client_signature_algs() = signature_algs()

In addition to the algorithms negotiated by the cipher suite used for key exchange, payload encryption, message authentication and pseudo random calculation, the TLS signature algorithm extension Section 7.4.1.4.1 in RFC 5246 may be used, from TLS 1.2, to negotiate which signature algorithm to use during the TLS handshake. If no lower TLS versions than 1.2 are supported, the client will send a TLS signature algorithm extension with the algorithms specified by this option. Defaults to

[
%% SHA2
{sha512, ecdsa},
{sha512, rsa},
{sha384, ecdsa},
{sha384, rsa},
{sha256, ecdsa},
{sha256, rsa},
{sha224, ecdsa},
{sha224, rsa},
%% SHA
{sha, ecdsa},
{sha, rsa},
{sha, dsa},
]

The algorithms should be in the preferred order. Selected signature algorithm can restrict which hash functions that may be selected. Default support for {md5, rsa} removed in ssl-8.0

client_session_tickets() = disabled | manual | auto

Configures the session ticket functionality. Allowed values are disabled, manual and auto. If it is set to manual the client will send the ticket information to user process in a 3-tuple:

{ssl, session_ticket, {SNI, TicketData}}

where SNI is the ServerNameIndication and TicketData is the extended ticket data that can be used in subsequent session resumptions.

If it is set to auto, the client automatically handles received tickets and tries to use them when making new TLS connections (session resumption with pre-shared keys).

Note:

This option is supported by TLS 1.3 and above. See also  SSL's Users Guide, Session Tickets and Session Resumption in TLS 1.3

use_ticket() = [binary()]

Configures the session tickets to be used for session resumption. It is a mandatory option in manual mode (session_tickets = manual).

Note:

Session tickets are only sent to user if option session_tickets is set to manual

This option is supported by TLS 1.3 and above. See also  SSL's Users Guide, Session Tickets and Session Resumption in TLS 1.3

TLS/Dtls Option Descriptions - Server

server_option() = 
    {cacerts, server_cacerts()} |
    {cacertfile, server_cafile()} |
    {dh, dh_der()} |
    {dhfile, dh_file()} |
    {verify, server_verify_type()} |
    {fail_if_no_peer_cert, fail_if_no_peer_cert()} |
    {reuse_sessions, server_reuse_sessions()} |
    {reuse_session, server_reuse_session()} |
    {alpn_preferred_protocols, server_alpn()} |
    {next_protocols_advertised, server_next_protocol()} |
    {psk_identity, server_psk_identity()} |
    {honor_cipher_order, boolean()} |
    {sni_hosts, sni_hosts()} |
    {sni_fun, sni_fun()} |
    {honor_cipher_order, honor_cipher_order()} |
    {honor_ecc_order, honor_ecc_order()} |
    {client_renegotiation, client_renegotiation()} |
    {signature_algs, server_signature_algs()} |
    {session_tickets, server_session_tickets()} |
    {anti_replay, anti_replay()}
server_cacerts() = [public_key:der_encoded()]

The DER-encoded trusted certificates. If this option is supplied it overrides option cacertfile.

server_cafile() = file:filename()

Path to a file containing PEM-encoded CA certificates. The CA certificates are used to build the server certificate chain and for client authentication. The CAs are also used in the list of acceptable client CAs passed to the client when a certificate is requested. Can be omitted if there is no need to verify the client and if there are no intermediate CAs for the server certificate.

dh_der() = binary()

The DER-encoded Diffie-Hellman parameters. If specified, it overrides option dhfile.

Warning:

The dh_der option is not supported by TLS 1.3. Use the supported_groups option instead.

dh_file() = file:filename()

Path to a file containing PEM-encoded Diffie Hellman parameters to be used by the server if a cipher suite using Diffie Hellman key exchange is negotiated. If not specified, default parameters are used.

Warning:

The dh_file option is not supported by TLS 1.3. Use the supported_groups option instead.

server_verify_type() = verify_type()

A server only does x509-path validation in mode verify_peer, as it then sends a certificate request to the client (this message is not sent if the verify option is verify_none). You can then also want to specify option fail_if_no_peer_cert.

fail_if_no_peer_cert() = boolean()

Used together with {verify, verify_peer} by an TLS/DTLS server. If set to true, the server fails if the client does not have a certificate to send, that is, sends an empty certificate. If set to false, it fails only if the client sends an invalid certificate (an empty certificate is considered valid). Defaults to false.

server_reuse_sessions() = boolean()

The boolean value true specifies that the server will agree to reuse sessions. Setting it to false will result in an empty session table, that is no sessions will be reused. See also option reuse_session

server_reuse_session() = function()

Enables the TLS/DTLS server to have a local policy for deciding if a session is to be reused or not. Meaningful only if reuse_sessions is set to true. SuggestedSessionId is a binary(), PeerCert is a DER-encoded certificate, Compression is an enumeration integer, and CipherSuite is of type ciphersuite().

server_alpn() = [app_level_protocol()]

Indicates the server will try to perform Application-Layer Protocol Negotiation (ALPN).

The list of protocols is in order of preference. The protocol negotiated will be the first in the list that matches one of the protocols advertised by the client. If no protocol matches, the server will fail the connection with a "no_application_protocol" alert.

The negotiated protocol can be retrieved using the negotiated_protocol/1 function.

server_next_protocol() = [app_level_protocol()]

List of protocols to send to the client if the client indicates that it supports the Next Protocol extension. The client can select a protocol that is not on this list. The list of protocols must not contain an empty binary. If the server negotiates a Next Protocol, it can be accessed using the negotiated_next_protocol/1 method.

server_psk_identity() = psk_identity()

Specifies the server identity hint, which the server presents to the client.

honor_cipher_order() = boolean()

If set to true, use the server preference for cipher selection. If set to false (the default), use the client preference.

sni_hosts() = 
    [{hostname(), [server_option() | common_option()]}]

If the server receives a SNI (Server Name Indication) from the client matching a host listed in the sni_hosts option, the specific options for that host will override previously specified options. The option sni_fun, and sni_hosts are mutually exclusive.

sni_fun() = function()

If the server receives a SNI (Server Name Indication) from the client, the given function will be called to retrieve [server_option()]  for the indicated server. These options will be merged into predefined [server_option()]  list. The function should be defined as: fun(ServerName :: string()) -> [server_option()]  and can be specified as a fun or as named fun module:function/1 The option sni_fun, and sni_hosts are mutually exclusive.

client_renegotiation() = boolean()

In protocols that support client-initiated renegotiation, the cost of resources of such an operation is higher for the server than the client. This can act as a vector for denial of service attacks. The SSL application already takes measures to counter-act such attempts, but client-initiated renegotiation can be strictly disabled by setting this option to false. The default value is true. Note that disabling renegotiation can result in long-lived connections becoming unusable due to limits on the number of messages the underlying cipher suite can encipher.

honor_cipher_order() = boolean()

If true, use the server's preference for cipher selection. If false (the default), use the client's preference.

honor_ecc_order() = boolean()

If true, use the server's preference for ECC curve selection. If false (the default), use the client's preference.

server_signature_algs() = signature_algs()

The algorithms specified by this option will be the ones accepted by the server in a signature algorithm negotiation, introduced in TLS-1.2. The algorithms will also be offered to the client if a client certificate is requested. For more details see the corresponding client option.

server_session_tickets() = disabled | stateful | stateless

Configures the session ticket functionality. Allowed values are disabled, stateful and stateless.

If it is set to stateful or stateless, session resumption with pre-shared keys is enabled and the server will send stateful or stateless session tickets to the client after successful connections.

A stateful session ticket is a database reference to internal state information. A stateless session ticket is a self-encrypted binary that contains both cryptographic keying material and state data.

Note:

This option is supported by TLS 1.3 and above. See also  SSL's Users Guide, Session Tickets and Session Resumption in TLS 1.3

anti_replay() = 
    '10k' | '100k' |
    {bloom_filter_window_size(),
     bloom_filter_hash_functions(),
     bloom_filter_bits()}

Configures the server's built-in anti replay feature based on Bloom filters.

Allowed values are the pre-defined '10k', '100k' or a custom 3-tuple that defines the properties of the bloom filters: {WindowSize, HashFunctions, Bits}. WindowSize is the number of seconds after the current Bloom filter is rotated and also the window size used for freshness checks. HashFunctions is the number hash functions and Bits is the number of bits in the bit vector. '10k' and '100k' are simple defaults with the following properties:

  • '10k': Bloom filters can hold 10000 elements with 3% probability of false positives. WindowSize: 10, HashFunctions: 5, Bits: 72985 (8.91 KiB).
  • '100k': Bloom filters can hold 100000 elements with 3% probability of false positives. WindowSize: 10, HashFunctions: 5, Bits: 729845 (89.09 KiB).

Note:

This option is supported by TLS 1.3 and above and only with stateless session tickets. Ticket lifetime, the number of tickets sent by the server and the maximum number of tickets stored by the server in stateful mode are configured by application variables. See also  SSL's Users Guide, Anti-Replay Protection in TLS 1.3

connection_info() = 
    [common_info() |
     curve_info() |
     ssl_options_info() |
     security_info()]
common_info() = 
    {protocol, protocol_version()} |
    {session_id, session_id()} |
    {session_resumption, boolean()} |
    {selected_cipher_suite, erl_cipher_suite()} |
    {sni_hostname, term()} |
    {srp_username, term()}
curve_info() = {ecc, {named_curve, term()}}
ssl_options_info() = tls_option()
security_info() = 
    {client_random, binary()} |
    {server_random, binary()} |
    {master_secret, binary()}
connection_info_items() = [connection_info_item()]
connection_info_item() = 
    protocol | session_id | session_resumption |
    selected_cipher_suite | sni_hostname | srp_username | ecc |
    client_random | server_random | master_secret |
    tls_options_name()
tls_options_name() = atom()

Exports

append_cipher_suites(Deferred, Suites) -> ciphers()
Types:

Deferred = ciphers() | cipher_filters()
Suites = ciphers()

Make Deferred suites become the least preferred suites, that is put them at the end of the cipher suite list Suites after removing them from Suites if present. Deferred may be a list of cipher suits or a list of filters in which case the filters are use on Suites to extract the Deferred cipher list.

cipher_suites() -> [old_cipher_suite()] | [string()]
cipher_suites(Type) -> [old_cipher_suite() | string()]
Types:

Type = erlang | openssl | all

Deprecated in OTP 21, use cipher_suites/2 instead.

cipher_suites(Description, Version) -> ciphers()
Types:

Description = default | all | exclusive | anonymous
Version = protocol_version()

Lists all possible cipher suites corresponding to Description that are available. The exclusive option will exclusively list cipher suites introduced in Version whereas the the other options are inclusive from the lowest possible version to Version. The all options includes all suites except the anonymous.

Note:

TLS-1.3 has no overlapping cipher suites with previous TLS versions, that is the result of cipher_suites(all, 'tlsv1.3'). contains a separate set of suites that can be used with TLS-1.3 an other set that can be used if a lower version is negotiated. No anonymous suites are supported by TLS-1.3.

Also note that the cipher suites returned by this function are the cipher suites that the OTP ssl application can support provided that they are supported by the cryptolib linked with the OTP crypto application. Use  ssl:filter_cipher_suites(Suites, []). to filter the list for the current cryptolib. Note that cipher suites may be filtered out because they are too old or too new depending on the cryptolib

cipher_suites(Description, Version, StringType :: rfc | openssl) ->
                 [string()]
Types:

Description = default | all | exclusive | anonymous
Version = protocol_version()

Same as cipher_suites/2 but lists RFC or OpenSSL string names instead of erl_cipher_suite()

eccs() -> NamedCurves
eccs(Version) -> NamedCurves
Types:

Version = protocol_version()
NamedCurves = [named_curve()]

Returns a list of supported ECCs. eccs() is equivalent to calling eccs(Protocol) with all supported protocols and then deduplicating the output.

clear_pem_cache() -> ok

PEM files, used by ssl API-functions, are cached. The cache is regularly checked to see if any cache entries should be invalidated, however this function provides a way to unconditionally clear the whole cache.

connect(TCPSocket, TLSOptions) ->
           {ok, sslsocket()} |
           {error, reason()} |
           {option_not_a_key_value_tuple, any()}
connect(TCPSocket, TLSOptions, Timeout) ->
           {ok, sslsocket()} | {error, reason()}
Types:

TCPSocket = socket()
TLSOptions = [tls_client_option()]
Timeout = timeout()

Upgrades a gen_tcp, or equivalent, connected socket to a TLS socket, that is, performs the client-side TLS handshake.

Note:

If the option verify is set to verify_peer the option server_name_indication shall also be specified, if it is not no Server Name Indication extension will be sent, and public_key:pkix_verify_hostname/2 will be called with the IP-address of the connection as ReferenceID, which is proably not what you want.

If the option {handshake, hello} is used the handshake is paused after receiving the server hello message and the success response is {ok, SslSocket, Ext} instead of {ok, SslSocket}. Thereafter the handshake is continued or canceled by calling handshake_continue/3 or handshake_cancel/1.

If the option active is set to once, true or an integer value, the process owning the sslsocket will receive messages of type  active_msgs()  

connect(Host, Port, TLSOptions) ->
           {ok, sslsocket()} |
           {ok, sslsocket(), Ext :: protocol_extensions()} |
           {error, reason()} |
           {option_not_a_key_value_tuple, any()}
connect(Host, Port, TLSOptions, Timeout) ->
           {ok, sslsocket()} |
           {ok, sslsocket(), Ext :: protocol_extensions()} |
           {error, reason()} |
           {option_not_a_key_value_tuple, any()}
Types:

Host = host()
Port = inet:port_number()
TLSOptions = [tls_client_option()]
Timeout = timeout()

Opens a TLS/DTLS connection to Host, Port.

When the option verify is set to verify_peer the check public_key:pkix_verify_hostname/2 will be performed in addition to the usual x509-path validation checks. If the check fails the error {bad_cert, hostname_check_failed} will be propagated to the path validation fun verify_fun, where it is possible to do customized checks by using the full possibilities of the public_key:pkix_verify_hostname/3 API. When the option server_name_indication is provided, its value (the DNS name) will be used as ReferenceID to public_key:pkix_verify_hostname/2. When no server_name_indication option is given, the Host argument will be used as Server Name Indication extension. The Host argument will also be used for the public_key:pkix_verify_hostname/2 check and if the Host argument is an inet:ip_address() the ReferenceID used for the check will be {ip, Host} otherwise dns_id will be assumed with a fallback to ip if that fails.

Note:

According to good practices certificates should not use IP-addresses as "server names". It would be very surprising if this happen outside a closed network.

If the option {handshake, hello} is used the handshake is paused after receiving the server hello message and the success response is {ok, SslSocket, Ext} instead of {ok, SslSocket}. Thereafter the handshake is continued or canceled by calling handshake_continue/3 or handshake_cancel/1.

If the option active is set to once, true or an integer value, the process owning the sslsocket will receive messages of type  active_msgs()  

close(SslSocket) -> ok | {error, Reason}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Reason = any()

Closes a TLS/DTLS connection.

close(SslSocket, How) -> ok | {ok, port()} | {error, Reason}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
How = timeout() | {NewController :: pid(), timeout()}
Reason = any()

Closes or downgrades a TLS connection. In the latter case the transport connection will be handed over to the NewController process after receiving the TLS close alert from the peer. The returned transport socket will have the following options set: [{active, false}, {packet, 0}, {mode, binary}]

controlling_process(SslSocket, NewOwner) -> ok | {error, Reason}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
NewOwner = pid()
Reason = any()

Assigns a new controlling process to the SSL socket. A controlling process is the owner of an SSL socket, and receives all messages from the socket.

connection_information(SslSocket) ->
                          {ok, Result} | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Result = connection_info()

Returns the most relevant information about the connection, ssl options that are undefined will be filtered out. Note that values that affect the security of the connection will only be returned if explicitly requested by connection_information/2.

Note:

The legacy Item = cipher_suite is still supported and returns the cipher suite on its (undocumented) legacy format. It should be replaced by selected_cipher_suite.

connection_information(SslSocket, Items) ->
                          {ok, Result} | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Items = connection_info_items()
Result = connection_info()

Returns the requested information items about the connection, if they are defined.

Note that client_random, server_random and master_secret are values that affect the security of connection. Meaningful atoms, not specified above, are the ssl option names.

Note:

If only undefined options are requested the resulting list can be empty.

filter_cipher_suites(Suites, Filters) -> Ciphers
Types:

Suites = ciphers()
Filters = cipher_filters()
Ciphers = ciphers()

Removes cipher suites if any of the filter functions returns false for any part of the cipher suite. If no filter function is supplied for some part the default behaviour regards it as if there was a filter function that returned true. For examples see  Customizing cipher suits  Additionaly this function also filters the cipher suites to exclude cipher suites not supported by the cryptolib used by the OTP crypto application. That is calling ssl:filter_cipher_suites(Suites, []) will be equivalent to only applying the filters for cryptolib support.

format_error(Reason :: {error, Reason}) -> string()
Types:

Reason = any()

Presents the error returned by an SSL function as a printable string.

getopts(SslSocket, OptionNames) ->
           {ok, [gen_tcp:option()]} | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
OptionNames = [gen_tcp:option_name()]

Gets the values of the specified socket options.

getstat(SslSocket) -> {ok, OptionValues} | {error, inet:posix()}
getstat(SslSocket, Options) ->
           {ok, OptionValues} | {error, inet:posix()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Options = [inet:stat_option()]
OptionValues = [{inet:stat_option(), integer()}]

Gets one or more statistic options for the underlying TCP socket.

See inet:getstat/2 for statistic options description.

handshake(HsSocket) ->
             {ok, SslSocket} |
             {ok, SslSocket, Ext} |
             {error, Reason}
handshake(HsSocket, Timeout) ->
             {ok, SslSocket} |
             {ok, SslSocket, Ext} |
             {error, Reason}
Types:

HsSocket = sslsocket()
Timeout = timeout()
SslSocket = sslsocket()
Ext = protocol_extensions()
Reason = closed | timeout | error_alert()

Performs the TLS/DTLS server-side handshake.

Returns a new TLS/DTLS socket if the handshake is successful.

If the option active is set to once, true or an integer value, the process owning the sslsocket will receive messages of type  active_msgs()  

handshake(Socket, Options) ->
             {ok, SslSocket} |
             {ok, SslSocket, Ext} |
             {error, Reason}
handshake(Socket, Options, Timeout) ->
             {ok, SslSocket} |
             {ok, SslSocket, Ext} |
             {error, Reason}
Types:

Socket = socket() | sslsocket()
SslSocket = sslsocket()
Options = [server_option()]
Timeout = timeout()
Ext = protocol_extensions()
Reason = closed | timeout | {options, any()} | error_alert()

If Socket is a ordinary socket(): upgrades a gen_tcp, or equivalent, socket to an SSL socket, that is, performs the TLS server-side handshake and returns a TLS socket.

Warning:

The Socket shall be in passive mode ({active, false}) before calling this function or else the behavior of this function is undefined.

If Socket is an  sslsocket() : provides extra TLS/DTLS options to those specified in listen/2 and then performs the TLS/DTLS handshake. Returns a new TLS/DTLS socket if the handshake is successful.

If option {handshake, hello} is specified the handshake is paused after receiving the client hello message and the success response is {ok, SslSocket, Ext} instead of {ok, SslSocket}. Thereafter the handshake is continued or canceled by calling handshake_continue/3 or handshake_cancel/1.

If the option active is set to once, true or an integer value, the process owning the sslsocket will receive messages of type  active_msgs()  

handshake_cancel(Sslsocket :: #sslsocket{}) -> any()

Cancel the handshake with a fatal USER_CANCELED alert.

handshake_continue(HsSocket, Options) ->
                      {ok, SslSocket} | {error, Reason}
handshake_continue(HsSocket, Options, Timeout) ->
                      {ok, SslSocket} | {error, Reason}
Types:

HsSocket = sslsocket()
Options = [tls_client_option() | tls_server_option()]
Timeout = timeout()
SslSocket = sslsocket()
Reason = closed | timeout | error_alert()

Continue the TLS handshake possiby with new, additional or changed options.

listen(Port, Options) -> {ok, ListenSocket} | {error, reason()}
Types:

Port = inet:port_number()
Options = [tls_server_option()]
ListenSocket = sslsocket()

Creates an SSL listen socket.

negotiated_protocol(SslSocket) -> {ok, Protocol} | {error, Reason}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Protocol = binary()
Reason = protocol_not_negotiated

Returns the protocol negotiated through ALPN or NPN extensions.

peercert(SslSocket) -> {ok, Cert} | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Cert = binary()

The peer certificate is returned as a DER-encoded binary. The certificate can be decoded with public_key:pkix_decode_cert/2

peername(SslSocket) -> {ok, {Address, Port}} | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Address = inet:ip_address()
Port = inet:port_number()

Returns the address and port number of the peer.

prepend_cipher_suites(Preferred, Suites) -> ciphers()
Types:

Preferred = ciphers() | cipher_filters()
Suites = ciphers()

Make Preferred suites become the most preferred suites that is put them at the head of the cipher suite list Suites after removing them from Suites if present. Preferred may be a list of cipher suits or a list of filters in which case the filters are use on Suites to extract the preferred cipher list.

prf(SslSocket, Secret, Label, Seed, WantedLength) ->
       {ok, binary()} | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Secret = binary() | master_secret
Label = binary()
Seed = [binary() | prf_random()]
WantedLength = integer() >= 0

Uses the Pseudo-Random Function (PRF) of a TLS session to generate extra key material. It either takes user-generated values for Secret and Seed or atoms directing it to use a specific value from the session security parameters.

recv(SslSocket, Length) -> {ok, Data} | {error, reason()}
recv(SslSocket, Length, Timeout) -> {ok, Data} | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Length = integer()
Data = binary() | list() | HttpPacket
Timeout = timeout()
HttpPacket = any()

See the description of HttpPacket in erlang:decode_packet/3 in ERTS.

Receives a packet from a socket in passive mode. A closed socket is indicated by return value {error, closed}.

Argument Length is meaningful only when the socket is in mode raw and denotes the number of bytes to read. If Length = 0, all available bytes are returned. If Length > 0, exactly Length bytes are returned, or an error; possibly discarding less than Length bytes of data when the socket gets closed from the other side.

Optional argument Timeout specifies a time-out in milliseconds. The default value is infinity.

renegotiate(SslSocket) -> ok | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()

Initiates a new handshake. A notable return value is {error, renegotiation_rejected} indicating that the peer refused to go through with the renegotiation, but the connection is still active using the previously negotiated session.

update_keys(SslSocket, Type) -> ok | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Type = write | read_write

There are cryptographic limits on the amount of plaintext which can be safely encrypted under a given set of keys. If the amount of data surpasses those limits, a key update is triggered and a new set of keys are installed. See also the option key_update_at.

This function can be used to explicitly start a key update on a TLS 1.3 connection. There are two types of the key update: if Type is set to write, only the writing key is updated; if Type is set to read_write, both the reading and writing keys are updated.

send(SslSocket, Data) -> ok | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Data = iodata()

Writes Data to SslSocket.

A notable return value is {error, closed} indicating that the socket is closed.

setopts(SslSocket, Options) -> ok | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Options = [gen_tcp:option()]

Sets options according to Options for socket SslSocket.

shutdown(SslSocket, How) -> ok | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
How = read | write | read_write

Immediately closes a socket in one or two directions.

How == write means closing the socket for writing, reading from it is still possible.

To be able to handle that the peer has done a shutdown on the write side, option {exit_on_close, false} is useful.

ssl_accept(SslSocket) -> ok | {error, Reason}
ssl_accept(Socket, TimeoutOrOptions) ->
              ok | {ok, sslsocket()} | {error, Reason}
Types:

Socket = sslsocket() | socket()
TimeoutOrOptions = timeout() | [tls_server_option()]
Reason = timeout | closed | {options, any()} | error_alert()

Deprecated in OTP 21, use handshake/[1,2] instead.

Note:

handshake/[1,2] always returns a new socket.

ssl_accept(Socket, Options, Timeout) ->
              ok | {ok, sslsocket()} | {error, Reason}
Types:

Socket = sslsocket() | socket()
Options = [tls_server_option()]
Timeout = timeout()
Reason = timeout | closed | {options, any()} | error_alert()

Deprecated in OTP 21, use handshake/[2,3] instead.

Note:

handshake/[2,3] always returns a new socket.

sockname(SslSocket) -> {ok, {Address, Port}} | {error, reason()}
Types:

SslSocket = sslsocket()
Address = inet:ip_address()
Port = inet:port_number()

Returns the local address and port number of socket SslSocket.

start() -> ok | {error, reason()}
start(Type :: permanent | transient | temporary) ->
         ok | {error, reason()}

Starts the SSL application. Default type is temporary.

stop() -> ok

Stops the SSL application.

str_to_suite(CipherSuiteName) -> erl_cipher_suite()
Types:

CipherSuiteName =
   string() |
   {error, {not_recognized, CipherSuiteName :: string()}}

Converts an RFC or OpenSSL name string to an erl_cipher_suite() Returns an error if the cipher suite is not supported or the name is not a valid cipher suite name.

suite_to_openssl_str(CipherSuite) -> string()
Types:

CipherSuite = erl_cipher_suite()

Converts erl_cipher_suite() to OpenSSL name string.

PRE TLS-1.3 these names differ for RFC names

suite_to_str(CipherSuite) -> string()
Types:

CipherSuite = erl_cipher_suite()

Converts erl_cipher_suite() to RFC name string.

transport_accept(ListenSocket) ->
                    {ok, SslSocket} | {error, reason()}
transport_accept(ListenSocket, Timeout) ->
                    {ok, SslSocket} | {error, reason()}
Types:

ListenSocket = sslsocket()
Timeout = timeout()
SslSocket = sslsocket()

Accepts an incoming connection request on a listen socket. ListenSocket must be a socket returned from  listen/2. The socket returned is to be passed to  handshake/[2,3] to complete handshaking, that is, establishing the TLS/DTLS connection.

Warning:

Most API functions require that the TLS/DTLS connection is established to work as expected.

The accepted socket inherits the options set for ListenSocket in  listen/2.

The default value for Timeout is infinity. If Timeout is specified and no connection is accepted within the given time, {error, timeout} is returned.

versions() -> [VersionInfo]
Types:

VersionInfo =
   {ssl_app, string()} |
   {supported | available | implemented, [tls_version()]} |
   {supported_dtls | available_dtls | implemented_dtls,
    [dtls_version()]}

Lists information, mainly concerning TLS/DTLS versions, in runtime for debugging and testing purposes.

app_vsn:

The application version of the SSL application.

supported:

TLS versions supported with current application environment and crypto library configuration. Overridden by a version option on  connect/[2,3,4],  listen/2, and ssl_accept/[1,2,3]. For the negotiated TLS version, see connection_information/1 .

supported_dtls:

DTLS versions supported with current application environment and crypto library configuration. Overridden by a version option on  connect/[2,3,4],  listen/2, and ssl_accept/[1,2,3]. For the negotiated DTLS version, see connection_information/1 .

available:

All TLS versions supported with the linked crypto library.

available_dtls:

All DTLS versions supported with the linked crypto library.

implemented:

All TLS versions supported by the SSL application if linked with a crypto library with the necessary support.

implemented_dtls:

All DTLS versions supported by the SSL application if linked with a crypto library with the necessary support.

See Also

inet(3) and gen_tcp(3) gen_udp(3)

Referenced By

deletemail(1), diameter_tcp.3erl(3), httpc.3erl(3), httpd.3erl(3), mailx.mailx(1).

ssl 10.0 Ericsson AB Erlang Module Definition