# spbequ.f man page

spbequ.f —

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutinespbequ(UPLO, N, KD, AB, LDAB, S, SCOND, AMAX, INFO)SPBEQU

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine spbequ (characterUPLO, integerN, integerKD, real, dimension( ldab, * )AB, integerLDAB, real, dimension( * )S, realSCOND, realAMAX, integerINFO)

**SPBEQU**

**Purpose:**

```
SPBEQU computes row and column scalings intended to equilibrate a
symmetric positive definite band matrix A and reduce its condition
number (with respect to the two-norm). S contains the scale factors,
S(i) = 1/sqrt(A(i,i)), chosen so that the scaled matrix B with
elements B(i,j) = S(i)*A(i,j)*S(j) has ones on the diagonal. This
choice of S puts the condition number of B within a factor N of the
smallest possible condition number over all possible diagonal
scalings.
```

**Parameters:**

*UPLO*

```
UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U': Upper triangular of A is stored;
= 'L': Lower triangular of A is stored.
```

*N*

```
N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A. N >= 0.
```

*KD*

```
KD is INTEGER
The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U',
or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'. KD >= 0.
```

*AB*

```
AB is REAL array, dimension (LDAB,N)
The upper or lower triangle of the symmetric band matrix A,
stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array. The j-th column
of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AB(kd+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-kd)<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(n,j+kd).
```

*LDAB*

```
LDAB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array A. LDAB >= KD+1.
```

*S*

```
S is REAL array, dimension (N)
If INFO = 0, S contains the scale factors for A.
```

*SCOND*

```
SCOND is REAL
If INFO = 0, S contains the ratio of the smallest S(i) to
the largest S(i). If SCOND >= 0.1 and AMAX is neither too
large nor too small, it is not worth scaling by S.
```

*AMAX*

```
AMAX is REAL
Absolute value of largest matrix element. If AMAX is very
close to overflow or very close to underflow, the matrix
should be scaled.
```

*INFO*

```
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value.
> 0: if INFO = i, the i-th diagonal element is nonpositive.
```

**Author:**

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Date:**

November 2011

Definition at line 130 of file spbequ.f.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

spbequ(3) is an alias of spbequ.f(3).

Sat Nov 16 2013 Version 3.4.2 LAPACK