# slatrd.f - Man Page

SRC/slatrd.f

## Synopsis

### Functions/Subroutines

subroutine **slatrd** (uplo, n, nb, a, lda, e, tau, w, ldw)**SLATRD** reduces the first nb rows and columns of a symmetric/Hermitian matrix A to real tridiagonal form by an orthogonal similarity transformation.

## Function/Subroutine Documentation

### subroutine slatrd (character uplo, integer n, integer nb, real, dimension( lda, * ) a, integer lda, real, dimension( * ) e, real, dimension( * ) tau, real, dimension( ldw, * ) w, integer ldw)

**SLATRD** reduces the first nb rows and columns of a symmetric/Hermitian matrix A to real tridiagonal form by an orthogonal similarity transformation.

**Purpose:**

SLATRD reduces NB rows and columns of a real symmetric matrix A to symmetric tridiagonal form by an orthogonal similarity transformation Q**T * A * Q, and returns the matrices V and W which are needed to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of A. If UPLO = 'U', SLATRD reduces the last NB rows and columns of a matrix, of which the upper triangle is supplied; if UPLO = 'L', SLATRD reduces the first NB rows and columns of a matrix, of which the lower triangle is supplied. This is an auxiliary routine called by SSYTRD.

**Parameters***UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the symmetric matrix A is stored: = 'U': Upper triangular = 'L': Lower triangular

*N*N is INTEGER The order of the matrix A.

*NB*NB is INTEGER The number of rows and columns to be reduced.

*A*A is REAL array, dimension (LDA,N) On entry, the symmetric matrix A. If UPLO = 'U', the leading n-by-n upper triangular part of A contains the upper triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly lower triangular part of A is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading n-by-n lower triangular part of A contains the lower triangular part of the matrix A, and the strictly upper triangular part of A is not referenced. On exit: if UPLO = 'U', the last NB columns have been reduced to tridiagonal form, with the diagonal elements overwriting the diagonal elements of A; the elements above the diagonal with the array TAU, represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; if UPLO = 'L', the first NB columns have been reduced to tridiagonal form, with the diagonal elements overwriting the diagonal elements of A; the elements below the diagonal with the array TAU, represent the orthogonal matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors. See Further Details.

*LDA*LDA is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array A. LDA >= (1,N).

*E*E is REAL array, dimension (N-1) If UPLO = 'U', E(n-nb:n-1) contains the superdiagonal elements of the last NB columns of the reduced matrix; if UPLO = 'L', E(1:nb) contains the subdiagonal elements of the first NB columns of the reduced matrix.

*TAU*TAU is REAL array, dimension (N-1) The scalar factors of the elementary reflectors, stored in TAU(n-nb:n-1) if UPLO = 'U', and in TAU(1:nb) if UPLO = 'L'. See Further Details.

*W*W is REAL array, dimension (LDW,NB) The n-by-nb matrix W required to update the unreduced part of A.

*LDW*LDW is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array W. LDW >= max(1,N).

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors Q = H(n) H(n-1) . . . H(n-nb+1). Each H(i) has the form H(i) = I - tau * v * v**T where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with v(i:n) = 0 and v(i-1) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in A(1:i-1,i), and tau in TAU(i-1). If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary reflectors Q = H(1) H(2) . . . H(nb). Each H(i) has the form H(i) = I - tau * v * v**T where tau is a real scalar, and v is a real vector with v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+1:n) is stored on exit in A(i+1:n,i), and tau in TAU(i). The elements of the vectors v together form the n-by-nb matrix V which is needed, with W, to apply the transformation to the unreduced part of the matrix, using a symmetric rank-2k update of the form: A := A - V*W**T - W*V**T. The contents of A on exit are illustrated by the following examples with n = 5 and nb = 2: if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L': ( a a a v4 v5 ) ( d ) ( a a v4 v5 ) ( 1 d ) ( a 1 v5 ) ( v1 1 a ) ( d 1 ) ( v1 v2 a a ) ( d ) ( v1 v2 a a a ) where d denotes a diagonal element of the reduced matrix, a denotes an element of the original matrix that is unchanged, and vi denotes an element of the vector defining H(i).

Definition at line **197** of file **slatrd.f**.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.

## Referenced By

The man page slatrd(3) is an alias of slatrd.f(3).

Tue Nov 28 2023 12:08:42 Version 3.12.0 LAPACK