sg_comp_init man page

sg_comp_init, sg_comp_destroy, sg_comp_get_tls, sg_global_lock, sg_global_unlock — managing system statistics delivery

Synopsis

#include "tools.h"

void *get_global_static (unsigned intid);

sg_errorsg_global_lock (void);

sg_errorsg_global_unlock (void);

Description

sg_comp_init() is called by sg_init() to run the initialisation for the globals component and each registered libstatgrab component. This registration is done statically by appending a component initialisation information structure (instance-of sg_comp_info) to the comp_info list in src/libstatgrab/globals.c. The instance of sg_comp_info is usually defined by using one of EASY_COMP_SETUP() or EXTENDED_COMP_SETUP(), respectively.

sg_comp_destroy() is called by sg_shutdown() to destroy all global resources, eg. translation tables for device names or compiled regular expressions to match path names etc. Statistics resources are managed somewhere else and are freed (conceptually and usually) before sg_comp_destroy() is invoked.

sg_comp_get_tls() is the internal function to access the thread local storage (formerly static globals) of the component. Usually it's easier to rely on the encapsulating macro GLOBAL_GET_TLS().

Notes

Delivering system statistics is the job of libstatgrab, managing the delivery is the job of the globals component. To fulfil this job, the components to manage must be prepared:

1.
declare component's global and TLS data structure (probably only on paper, not in code)
2.
define global initialisation, thread destruction and process destruction functions (if required by 1.)
3.
define component information structure using *_COMP_SETUP()
4.

define component accessors using one or more of

EASY_COMP_ACCESS()
EASY_COMP_DIFF()
MULTI_COMP_ACCESS()
MULTI_COMP_DIFF()

When having done these steps, a new component delivering new statistics is born and needs to be "announced". Assuming the component is named cpu, append the line { &sg_cpu_init, 0 } to above named comp_info list.

Component initialisation information in detail:

typedef sg_error (*comp_global_init_function)(unsigned id);
typedef void (*comp_global_destroy_function)(void);
typedef void (*comp_global_cleanup_function)(void *);

struct sg_comp_status {
        sg_error init_error;
};

struct sg_comp_init {
        comp_global_init_function init_fn;
        comp_global_destroy_function destroy_fn;
        comp_global_cleanup_function cleanup_fn;
        size_t static_buf_size;
#if defined(ENABLE_THREADS) && defined(HAVE_PTHREAD)
        const char **required_locks;
#endif
        struct sg_comp_status *status;
};

Components which do not need something special can rely on EASY_COMP_SETUP():

Initialising memory component

EASY_COMP_SETUP(mem,1,NULL);

When own initialisation is needed, doing it is a bit more complex:

Initialising network component

#define SG_NETWORK_IO_NOW_IDX	0
#define SG_NETWORK_IO_DIFF_IDX	1
#define SG_NETWORK_IFACE_IDX	2
#define SG_NETWORK_MAX_IDX	3

EXTENDED_COMP_SETUP(network,SG_NETWORK_MAX_IDX,NULL);

#ifdef LINUX
static regex_t network_io_rx;
#define RX_MATCH_COUNT (8+1)
#endif

sg_error
sg_network_init_comp(unsigned id) {
        GLOBAL_SET_ID(network,id);

#ifdef LINUX
        if( regcomp( &network_io_rx, ..., REG_EXTENDED)!=0) {
                return sg_set_error(SG_ERROR_PARSE, NULL);
        }
#endif

        return SG_ERROR_NONE;
}

void
sg_network_destroy_comp(void) {
#ifdef LINUX
        regfree(&network_io_rx);
#endif
}

EASY_COMP_CLEANUP_FN(network,SG_NETWORK_MAX_IDX)

Macros to Work with the Component Manager

To simplify working with the component management functions, some preprocessor macros are available. They are shown here as if they were functions to ease understanding.

voidDEFAULT_INIT_COMP (identifiercomp, ...);

voidEASY_COMP_SETUP (identifiercomp, size_t nvect, ...);

voidEXTENDED_COMP_SETUP (identifiercomp, size_t nvect, ...);

voidGLOBAL_SET_ID (identifiercomp, unsigned int id);

struct sg_##comp##_glob *GLOBAL_GET_TLS (identifiercomp);

voidEASY_COMP_INIT_FN (identifiercomp);

voidEASY_COMP_DESTROY_FN (identifiercomp);

voidEASY_COMP_CLEANUP_FN (identifiercomp, size_t nvect);

voidEASY_COMP_ACCESS (identifierfn, identifier comp, identifier stat, size_t idx);

voidMULTI_COMP_ACCESS (identifierfn, identifier comp, identifier stat, size_t idx);

voidEASY_COMP_DIFF (identifierfn, identifier getfn, identifier comp, identifier stat, size_t diffidx, size_t nowidx);

voidMULTI_COMP_DIFF (identifierfn, identifier getfn, identifier comp, identifier stat, size_t diffidx, size_t nowidx);

EASY_COMP_SETUP() cares about anything to be automatically done for instantiating a component information structure for the specified component comp. The created TLS storage structure will hold nvect pointer elements and that's it. All initialisation, destruction and cleanup-routines are created as needed using EASY_COMP_INIT_FN(), EASY_COMP_DESTROY_FN() and EASY_COMP_CLEANUP_FN(). After the amount of required vector pointers to be stored the list of required mutexes must be specified, finished with a NULL pointer.

EXTENDED_COMP_SETUP() cares about anything to be automatically done for instantiating an component information structure for the specified component comp but the required defintion of the initialisation, destruction and cleanup routines. The created TLS storage structure will hold nvect pointer elements and that's it. After the amount of required vector pointers to be stored, the list of required mutexes must be specified, finished with a NULL pointer. All standard routines can be created semi-automatically using EASY_COMP_INIT_FN(), EASY_COMP_DESTROY_FN() and EASY_COMP_CLEANUP_FN().

DEFAULT_INIT_COMP() just declares the prototypes for the initialisation, destruction and cleanup routines, defines the initialisation status buffer, lock-names list and finally fills the component initialisation structure. Use this when your TLS storage contains not only vector pointers.

GLOBAL_GET_TLS() returns the pointer to the component's thread local storage.

GLOBAL_SET_ID() stores the component identifier, required eg. to access its TLS.

EASY_COMP_INIT_FN() defines a default component initialisation routine. It stores the component identifier and returns with SG_ERROR_NONE.

EASY_COMP_DESTROY_FN() defines a default component destructor, called at the end of the entire process (or when the last sg_shutdown() is called). The default destructor does nothing and usually an individual initialisation routine requires an individual destructor, too.

EASY_COMP_CLEANUP_FN() defines a default TLS cleanup routine, always called when a thread ends to free vectors held in thread local storage.

EASY_COMP_ACCESS() defines accessors to a specific statistic containing one element provided by the component: the functions fn() and the fn##_r(). The following function must exists: sg_errorfn##_int (sg_vector *name##_vect); It accesses the vector idx from TLS of component comp and returns sg_##name##_stats. It manages all standard things like memory and error management, return value etc.

EASY_COMP_DIFF() returns the difference between the two statistic collection runs. The variant dealing with statgrab owned statistics return the difference between the content currently in the vector specified by nowidx and the resulting vector of getfn(). The result is stored in the vector diffidx. If there is no current result, simply the result of getfn() is returned.

MULTI_COMP_ACCESS() defines accessors to a specific statistic containing 0..n elements provided by the component: the functions fn() and the fn##_r(). The following function must exists: sg_errorfn##_int (sg_vector **name##_vect); It accesses the vector idx from TLS of component comp and returns sg_##name##_stats. It manages all standard things like memory and error anagement, return values, entries update, etc.

MULTI_COMP_DIFF() does the same as EASY_COMP_DIFF() but for vectors with more than one element.

See Also

libstatgrab(3) sg_intro(3) sg_set_error(3) sg_comp_init(3) sg_vector_create(3)

Website

http://www.i-scream.org/libstatgrab/

Referenced By

sg_internal-intro(3).

sg_comp_destroy(3), sg_comp_get_tls(3), sg_global_lock(3) and sg_global_unlock(3) are aliases of sg_comp_init(3).

2013-06-07 i-scream