sc_Molecule man page

sc::Molecule — The Molecule class contains information about molecules.

Synopsis

#include <molecule.h>

Inherits sc::SavableState.

Public Member Functions

Molecule (const Molecule &)

Molecule (StateIn &)

Molecule (const Ref< KeyVal > &input)
The Molecule KeyVal constructor is used to generate a Molecule object from the input.
Molecule & operator= (const Molecule &)

void add_atom (int Z, double x, double y, double z, const char *=0, double mass=0.0, int have_charge=0, double charge=0.0)
Add an AtomicCenter to the Molecule.
virtual void print (std::ostream &=ExEnv::out0()) const
Print information about the molecule.
virtual void print_parsedkeyval (std::ostream &=ExEnv::out0(), int print_pg=1, int print_unit=1, int number_atoms=1) const

int natom () const
Returns the number of atoms in the molcule.
int Z (int atom) const

double & r (int atom, int xyz)

const double & r (int atom, int xyz) const

double * r (int atom)

const double * r (int atom) const

double mass (int atom) const

const char * label (int atom) const
Returns the label explicitly assigned to atom.
int atom_at_position (double *, double tol=0.05) const
Takes an (x, y, z) postion and finds an atom within the given tolerance distance.
int atom_label_to_index (const char *label) const
Returns the index of the atom with the given label.
double * charges () const
Returns a double* containing the nuclear charges of the atoms.
double charge (int iatom) const
Return the charge of the atom.
double nuclear_charge () const
Returns the total nuclear charge.
void set_point_group (const Ref< PointGroup > &, double tol=1.0e-7)
Sets the PointGroup of the molecule.
Ref< PointGroup > point_group () const
Returns the PointGroup of the molecule.
Ref< PointGroup > highest_point_group (double tol=1.0e-8) const
Find this molecules true point group (limited to abelian groups).
int is_axis (SCVector3 &origin, SCVector3 &udirection, int order, double tol=1.0e-8) const
Return 1 if this given axis is a symmetry element for the molecule.
int is_plane (SCVector3 &origin, SCVector3 &uperp, double tol=1.0e-8) const
Return 1 if the given plane is a symmetry element for the molecule.
int has_inversion (SCVector3 &origin, double tol=1.0e-8) const
Return 1 if the molecule has an inversion center.
int is_linear (double tolerance=1.0e-5) const
Returns 1 if the molecule is linear, 0 otherwise.
int is_planar (double tolerance=1.0e-5) const
Returns 1 if the molecule is planar, 0 otherwise.
void is_linear_planar (int &linear, int &planar, double tol=1.0e-5) const
Sets linear to 1 if the molecular is linear, 0 otherwise.
SCVector3 center_of_mass () const
Returns a SCVector3 containing the cartesian coordinates of the center of mass for the molecule.
double nuclear_repulsion_energy ()
Returns the nuclear repulsion energy for the molecule.
void nuclear_repulsion_1der (int center, double xyz[3])
Compute the nuclear repulsion energy first derivative with respect to the given center.
void nuclear_efield (const double *position, double *efield)
Compute the electric field due to the nuclei at the given point.
void nuclear_charge_efield (const double *charges, const double *position, double *efield)
Compute the electric field due to the given charges at the positions of the nuclei at the given point.
void symmetrize (double tol=0.5)
If the molecule contains only symmetry unique atoms, this function will generate the other, redundant atoms.
void symmetrize (const Ref< PointGroup > &pg, double tol=0.5)
Set the point group and then symmetrize.
void cleanup_molecule (double tol=0.1)
This will try to carefully correct symmetry errors in molecules.
void translate (const double *r)

void move_to_com ()

void transform_to_principal_axes (int trans_frame=1)

void transform_to_symmetry_frame ()

void print_pdb (std::ostream &=ExEnv::out0(), char *title=0) const

void read_pdb (const char *filename)

void principal_moments_of_inertia (double *evals, double **evecs=0) const
Compute the principal moments of inertia and, possibly, the principal axes.
int nunique () const
Return information about symmetry unique and equivalent atoms.
int unique (int iuniq) const
Returns the overall number of the iuniq'th unique atom.
int nequivalent (int iuniq) const
Returns the number of atoms equivalent to iuniq.
int equivalent (int iuniq, int j) const
Returns the j'th atom equivalent to iuniq.
int atom_to_unique (int iatom) const
Converts an atom number to the number of its generating unique atom.
int atom_to_unique_offset (int iatom) const
Converts an atom number to the offset of this atom in the list of generated atoms.
int n_core_electrons ()
Return the number of core electrons.
int max_z ()
Return the maximum atomic number.
Ref< AtomInfo > atominfo () const
Return the molecule's AtomInfo object.
std::string atom_name (int iatom) const
Returns the element name of the atom.
std::string atom_symbol (int iatom) const
Returns the element symbol of the atom.
void set_include_q (bool iq)
If include_q is true, then include the 'Q' atoms in the charge and efield routines.
bool include_q () const
Returns include_q. See set_include_q.
void set_include_qq (bool iqq)
If include_qq is true, include the coupling between pairs of 'Q' atoms when computing nuclear repulsion energy and gradients.
bool include_qq () const
Returns include_qq. See set_include_qq.
int n_q_atom () const
Retrieve the number of 'Q' atoms.
int q_atom (int i) const
Retrieve the 'Q' atoms.
int n_non_q_atom () const
Retrieve the number of non-'Q' atoms.
int non_q_atom (int i) const
Retrieve the of non-'Q' atoms.
void save_data_state (StateOut &)
Save the base classes (with save_data_state) and the members in the same order that the StateIn CTOR initializes them.

Protected Member Functions

void init_symmetry_info (double tol=0.5)

void clear_symmetry_info ()

void clear ()

void throw_if_atom_duplicated (int begin=0, double tol=1e-3)

Protected Attributes

int natoms_

Ref< AtomInfo > atominfo_

Ref< PointGroup > pg_

Ref< Units > geometry_units_

double ** r_

int * Z_

double * charges_

int nuniq_

int * nequiv_

int ** equiv_

int * atom_to_uniq_

double * mass_

char ** labels_

int q_Z_

bool include_q_

bool include_qq_

std::vector< int > q_atoms_

std::vector< int > non_q_atoms_

Additional Inherited Members

Detailed Description

The Molecule class contains information about molecules.

It has a KeyVal constructor that can create a new molecule from either a PDB file or from a list of Cartesian coordinates.

The following ParsedKeyVal input reads from the PDB file h2o.pdb:

molecule<Molecule>: (
   pdb_file = 'h2o.pdb'
 )

The following input explicitly gives the atom coordinates, using the ParsedKeyVal table notation:

molecule<Molecule>: (
    unit=angstrom
    { atom_labels atoms           geometry            } = {
          O1         O   [ 0.000000000 0  0.369372944 ]
          H1         H   [ 0.783975899 0 -0.184686472 ]
          H2         H   [-0.783975899 0 -0.184686472 ]
     }
    )
  )

The default units are Bohr which can be overridden with unit=angstrom. The atom_labels array can be omitted. The atoms and geometry arrays are required.

As a special case, an atom can be given with the symbol Q or the name charge. Such centers are treated as point charges and not given basis functions. The values of the charges must be specified with a charge vector in the Molecule input. Since the charge vector assign charges to all centers, including atoms, it is easiest to place all point charge centers first in the geometry, and then give a charge vector with a number of elements equal to the number of point charges. The following example shows a water molecule interacting with a point charge having value 0.1:

molecule<Molecule>: (
    unit=angstrom
    charge = [ 0.1 ]
    { atom_labels atoms           geometry            } = {
          Q1         Q   [ 0.0         0 10.0         ]
          O1         O   [ 0.000000000 0  0.369372944 ]
          H1         H   [ 0.783975899 0 -0.184686472 ]
          H2         H   [-0.783975899 0 -0.184686472 ]
     }
    )
  )

This feature is designed for doing QM/MM calculations, so, by default, methods will not include interactions between the Q centers when computing the energy or the gradient. To include these interactions, set include_qq=1.

The Molecule class has a PointGroup member object, which also has a KeyVal constructor that is called when a Molecule is made. The following example constructs a molecule with $C_{2v}$ symmetry:

molecule<Molecule>: (
    symmetry=c2v
    unit=angstrom
    { atoms         geometry            } = {
        O   [0.000000000 0  0.369372944 ]
        H   [0.783975899 0 -0.184686472 ]
     }
    )
  )

Only the symmetry unique atoms need to be specified. Nonunique atoms can be given too, however, numerical errors in the geometry specification can result in the generation of extra atoms so be careful.

Constructor & Destructor Documentation

sc::Molecule::Molecule (const Ref< KeyVal > & input)

The Molecule KeyVal constructor is used to generate a Molecule object from the input. Several examples are given in the Molecule class overview. The full list of keywords that are accepted is below.

KeywordTypeDefaultDescription

include_qbooleanfalseSome of the atoms can be specified as Q and given a customizable charge. Such atoms are a point charge that do not have basis functions. If this option is true, then the Q atoms are included when computing the nuclear charge and the electric field due to the nuclear charge.

include_qqbooleanfalseSome of the atoms can be specified as Q and given a customizable charge. Such atoms are a point charge that do not have basis functions. If this option is true, then the Q atoms are included when computing the nuclear repulsion energy and its derivatives.

atominfoAtomInfolibrary valuesThis gives information about each atom, such as the symbol, name, and various atomic radii.

symmetrystringC1The Schoenflies symbol of the point group. This is case insensitive. It should be a subgroup of D2h . If it is auto, then the appropriate subgroup of D2h will be found.

symmetry_tolerancedouble1.0e-4When a molecule has symmetry, some atoms may be related by symmetry operations. The distance between given atoms and atoms generated by symmetry operations is compared to this threshold to determine if they are the same. If they are the same, then the coordinates are cleaned up to make them exactly symmetry equivalent. If the given molecule was produced by a optimization that started in C1 symmetry, but produced a roughly symmetric structure and you would like to begin using symmetry, then this may need to be increased a bit to properly symmetrize the molecule.

symmetry_framedouble[3][3][[1 0 0][0 1 0][0 0 1]]The symmetry frame. Ignored for symmetry = auto.

origindouble[3][0 0 0]The origin of the symmetry frame. Ignored for symmetry = auto.

redundant_atomsbooleanfalseIf true, do not generate symmetry equivalent atoms; they are already given in the input. It should not be necessary to specify this option, since, by default, if a symmetry operation duplicates an atom, the generated atom will not be added to the list of atoms. Ignored for symmetry = auto.

pdb_filestringundefinedThis gives the name of a PDB file, from which the nuclear coordinates will be read. If this is given, the following options will be ignored.

unitstringbohrThis gives the name of the units used for the geometry. See the Units class for information about the known units. This replaces deprecated keywords that are still recognized: angstrom and angstroms. This is ignored if pdb_file is given.

geometrydouble[][3]noneThis gives the Cartesian coordinates of the molecule. This is ignored if pdb_file is given.

atomsstring[]noneThis gives the Cartesian coordinates of the molecule. This is ignored if pdb_file is given.

ghostboolean[]noneIf true, the atom will be given zero charge. It will still have basis functions, however. This is used to estimate basis set superposition error. This is ignored if pdb_file is given.

chargedouble[]Z for each atomAllows specification of the charge for each atom. This is ignored if pdb_file is given.

atom_labelsstring[]noneThis gives a user defined atom label for each atom. This is ignored if pdb_file is given.

massdouble[]Taken from AtomInfo given by the atominfo keyword. This gives a user defined mass for each atom. This is ignored if pdb_file is given.

Member Function Documentation

int sc::Molecule::atom_at_position (double *, double tol = 0.05) const

Takes an (x, y, z) postion and finds an atom within the given tolerance distance. If no atom is found -1 is returned.

Referenced by natom().

int sc::Molecule::atom_label_to_index (const char * label) const

Returns the index of the atom with the given label. If the label cannot be found -1 is returned.

Referenced by natom().

int sc::Molecule::atom_to_unique (int iatom) const [inline]

Converts an atom number to the number of its generating unique atom. The return value is in [0, nunique).

References atom_to_unique_offset(), max_z(), and n_core_electrons().

int sc::Molecule::atom_to_unique_offset (int iatom) const

Converts an atom number to the offset of this atom in the list of generated atoms. The unique atom itself is allows offset 0.

Referenced by atom_to_unique().

SCVector3 sc::Molecule::center_of_mass () const

Returns a SCVector3 containing the cartesian coordinates of the center of mass for the molecule.

Referenced by natom().

double* sc::Molecule::charges () const

Returns a double* containing the nuclear charges of the atoms. The caller is responsible for freeing the return value.

Referenced by natom().

void sc::Molecule::cleanup_molecule (double tol = 0.1)

This will try to carefully correct symmetry errors in molecules. If any atom is out of place by more then tol, abort will be called.

Referenced by natom().

Ref<PointGroup> sc::Molecule::highest_point_group (double tol = 1.0e-8) const

Find this molecules true point group (limited to abelian groups). If the point group of this molecule is set to the highest point group, then the origin must first be set to the center of mass.

Referenced by natom().

int sc::Molecule::is_axis (SCVector3 & origin, SCVector3 & udirection, int order, double tol = 1.0e-8) const

Return 1 if this given axis is a symmetry element for the molecule. The direction vector must be a unit vector.

Referenced by natom().

void sc::Molecule::is_linear_planar (int & linear, int & planar, double tol = 1.0e-5) const

Sets linear to 1 if the molecular is linear, 0 otherwise. Sets planar to 1 if the molecular is planar, 0 otherwise.

Referenced by natom().

int sc::Molecule::is_plane (SCVector3 & origin, SCVector3 & uperp, double tol = 1.0e-8) const

Return 1 if the given plane is a symmetry element for the molecule. The perpendicular vector must be a unit vector.

Referenced by natom().

const char* sc::Molecule::label (int atom) const

Returns the label explicitly assigned to atom. If no label has been assigned, then null is returned.

Referenced by natom().

void sc::Molecule::nuclear_charge_efield (const double * charges, const double * position, double * efield)

Compute the electric field due to the given charges at the positions of the nuclei at the given point.

Referenced by natom().

void sc::Molecule::nuclear_repulsion_1der (int center, double xyz[3])

Compute the nuclear repulsion energy first derivative with respect to the given center.

Referenced by natom().

void sc::Molecule::principal_moments_of_inertia (double * evals, double ** evecs = 0) const

Compute the principal moments of inertia and, possibly, the principal axes.

Referenced by natom().

void sc::Molecule::save_data_state (StateOut &) [virtual]

Save the base classes (with save_data_state) and the members in the same order that the StateIn CTOR initializes them. This must be implemented by the derived class if the class has data.

Reimplemented from sc::SavableState.

Referenced by non_q_atom().

void sc::Molecule::set_include_q (bool iq) [inline]

If include_q is true, then include the 'Q' atoms in the charge and efield routines.

void sc::Molecule::set_include_qq (bool iqq) [inline]

If include_qq is true, include the coupling between pairs of 'Q' atoms when computing nuclear repulsion energy and gradients.

void sc::Molecule::symmetrize (double tol = 0.5)

If the molecule contains only symmetry unique atoms, this function will generate the other, redundant atoms. The redundant atom will only be generated if there is no other atoms within a distance of tol. If the is another atom and it is not identical, then abort will be called.

Referenced by natom().

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Fri May 6 2016 Version 2.3.1 MPQC