qwaitcondition.3qt man page

QWaitCondition — Allows waiting/waking for conditions between threads

Synopsis

All the functions in this class are thread-safe when Qt is built with thread support.</p>

#include <qwaitcondition.h>

Public Members

QWaitCondition ()

virtual ~QWaitCondition ()

bool wait ( unsigned long time = ULONG_MAX )

bool wait ( QMutex * mutex, unsigned long time = ULONG_MAX )

void wakeOne ()

void wakeAll ()

Description

The QWaitCondition class allows waiting/waking for conditions between threads.

QWaitConditions allow a thread to tell other threads that some sort of condition has been met; one or many threads can block waiting for a QWaitCondition to set a condition with wakeOne() or wakeAll(). Use wakeOne() to wake one randomly selected event or wakeAll() to wake them all. For example, say we have three tasks that should be performed every time the user presses a key; each task could be split into a thread, each of which would have a run() body like this:

QWaitCondition key_pressed;

for (;;) {

    key_pressed.wait(); // This is a QWaitCondition global variable

    // Key was pressed, do something interesting

    do_something();

}

A fourth thread would read key presses and wake the other three threads up every time it receives one, like this:

QWaitCondition key_pressed;

for (;;) {

    getchar();

    // Causes any thread in key_pressed.wait() to return from

    // that method and continue processing

    key_pressed.wakeAll();

}

Note that the order the three threads are woken up in is undefined, and that if some or all of the threads are still in do_something() when the key is pressed, they won't be woken up (since they're not waiting on the condition variable) and so the task will not be performed for that key press. This can be avoided by, for example, doing something like this:

QMutex mymutex;

QWaitCondition key_pressed;

int mycount=0;

// Worker thread code

for (;;) {

    key_pressed.wait(); // This is a QWaitCondition global variable

    mymutex.lock();

    mycount++;

    mymutex.unlock();

    do_something();

    mymutex.lock();

    mycount--;

    mymutex.unlock();

}

// Key reading thread code

for (;;) {

    getchar();

    mymutex.lock();

    // Sleep until there are no busy worker threads

    while( mycount > 0 ) {

        mymutex.unlock();

        sleep( 1 );

        mymutex.lock();

    }

    mymutex.unlock();

    key_pressed.wakeAll();

}

The mutexes are necessary because the results of two threads attempting to change the value of the same variable simultaneously are unpredictable.

See also Environment Classes and Threading.

QWaitCondition::QWaitCondition ()

Constructs a new event signalling, i.e. wait condition, object.

QWaitCondition::~QWaitCondition () [virtual]

Deletes the event signalling, i.e. wait condition, object.

bool QWaitCondition::wait ( unsigned long time = ULONG_MAX )

Wait on the thread event object. The thread calling this will block until either of these conditions is met:

Another thread signals it using wakeOne() or wakeAll(). This function will return TRUE in this case.

time milliseconds has elapsed. If time is ULONG_MAX (the default), then the wait will never timeout (the event must be signalled). This function will return FALSE if the wait timed out.

See also wakeOne() and wakeAll().

bool QWaitCondition::wait ( QMutex * mutex, unsigned long time = ULONG_MAX )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Release the locked mutex and wait on the thread event object. The mutex must be initially locked by the calling thread. If mutex is not in a locked state, this function returns immediately. If mutex is a recursive mutex, this function returns immediately. The mutex will be unlocked, and the calling thread will block until either of these conditions is met:

Another thread signals it using wakeOne() or wakeAll(). This function will return TRUE in this case.

time milliseconds has elapsed. If time is ULONG_MAX (the default), then the wait will never timeout (the event must be signalled). This function will return FALSE if the wait timed out.

The mutex will be returned to the same locked state. This function is provided to allow the atomic transition from the locked state to the wait state.

See also wakeOne() and wakeAll().

void QWaitCondition::wakeAll ()

This wakes all threads waiting on the QWaitCondition. The order in which the threads are woken up depends on the operating system's scheduling policies, and cannot be controlled or predicted.

See also wakeOne().

void QWaitCondition::wakeOne ()

This wakes one thread waiting on the QWaitCondition. The thread that is woken up depends on the operating system's scheduling policies, and cannot be controlled or predicted.

See also wakeAll().

See Also

http://doc.trolltech.com/qwaitcondition… http://www.trolltech.com/faq/tech.html

Author

Generated automatically from the source code.

Bugs

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If you find errors in this manual page, please report them to qt-bugs@trolltech.com. Please include the name of the manual page (qwaitcondition.3qt) and the Qt version (3.3.8).

Referenced By

QWaitCondition.3qt(3) is an alias of qwaitcondition.3qt(3).

2 February 2007 Trolltech AS