qptrdict.3qt man page

QPtrDict — Template class that provides a dictionary based on void* keys

Synopsis

#include <qptrdict.h>

Inherits QPtrCollection.

Public Members

QPtrDict ( int size = 17 )

QPtrDict ( const QPtrDict<type> & dict )

~QPtrDict ()

QPtrDict<type> & operator= ( const QPtrDict<type> & dict )

virtual uint count () const

uint size () const

bool isEmpty () const

void insert ( void * key, const type * item )

void replace ( void * key, const type * item )

bool remove ( void * key )

type * take ( void * key )

type * find ( void * key ) const

type * operator[] ( void * key ) const

virtual void clear ()

void resize ( uint newsize )

void statistics () const

Important Inherited Members

bool autoDelete () const

void setAutoDelete ( bool enable )

Protected Members

virtual QDataStream & read ( QDataStream & s, QPtrCollection::Item & item )

virtual QDataStream & write ( QDataStream & s, QPtrCollection::Item ) const

Description

The QPtrDict class is a template class that provides a dictionary based on void* keys.

QPtrDict is implemented as a template class. Define a template instance QPtrDict<X> to create a dictionary that operates on pointers to X (X*).

A dictionary is a collection of key-value pairs. The key is a void* used for insertion, removal and lookup. The value is a pointer. Dictionaries provide very fast insertion and lookup.

Example:

QPtrDict<char> fields; // void* keys, char* values

QLineEdit *le1 = new QLineEdit( this );

le1->setText( "Simpson" );

QLineEdit *le2 = new QLineEdit( this );

le2->setText( "Homer" );

QLineEdit *le3 = new QLineEdit( this );

le3->setText( "45" );

fields.insert( le1, "Surname" );

fields.insert( le2, "Forename" );

fields.insert( le3, "Age" );

QPtrDictIterator<char> it( fields );

for( ; it.current(); ++it )

    cout << it.current() << endl;

cout << endl;

if ( fields[le1] ) // Prints "Surname: Simpson"

    cout << fields[le1] << ": " << le1->text() << endl;

if ( fields[le2] ) // Prints "Forename: Homer"

    cout << fields[le2] << ": " << le2->text() << endl;


fields.remove( le1 ); // Removes le1 from the dictionary

cout << le1->text() << endl; // Prints "Simpson"

In this example we use a dictionary to add an extra property (a char*) to the line edits we're using.

See QDict for full details, including the choice of dictionary size, and how deletions are handled.

See also QPtrDictIterator, QDict, QAsciiDict, QIntDict, Collection Classes, Collection Classes, and Non-GUI Classes.

QPtrDict::QPtrDict ( int size = 17 )

Constructs a dictionary using an internal hash array with the size size.

Setting size to a suitably large prime number (equal to or greater than the expected number of entries) makes the hash distribution better and improves lookup performance.

QPtrDict::QPtrDict ( const QPtrDict<type> & dict )

Constructs a copy of dict.

Each item in dict is inserted into this dictionary. Only the pointers are copied (shallow copy).

QPtrDict::~QPtrDict ()

Removes all items from the dictionary and destroys it.

All iterators that access this dictionary will be reset.

See also setAutoDelete().

bool QPtrCollection::autoDelete () const

Returns the setting of the auto-delete option. The default is FALSE.

See also setAutoDelete().

void QPtrDict::clear () [virtual]

Removes all items from the dictionary.

The removed items are deleted if auto-deletion is enabled.

All dictionary iterators that access this dictionary will be reset.

See also remove(), take(), and setAutoDelete().

Reimplemented from QPtrCollection.

uint QPtrDict::count () const [virtual]

Returns the number of items in the dictionary.

See also isEmpty().

Reimplemented from QPtrCollection.

type * QPtrDict::find ( void * key ) const

Returns the item associated with key, or 0 if the key does not exist in the dictionary.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the most recently inserted item will be found.

Equivalent to operator[].

See also operator[]().

void QPtrDict::insert ( void * key, const type * item )

Inserts the key with the item into the dictionary.

Multiple items can have the same key, in which case only the last item will be accessible using operator[]().

item may not be 0.

See also replace().

bool QPtrDict::isEmpty () const

Returns TRUE if the dictionary is empty; otherwise returns FALSE.

See also count().

QPtrDict<type> & QPtrDict::operator= ( const QPtrDict<type> & dict )

Assigns dict to this dictionary and returns a reference to this dictionary.

This dictionary is first cleared and then each item in dict is inserted into the dictionary. Only the pointers are copied (shallow copy), unless newItem() has been reimplemented.

type * QPtrDict::operator[] ( void * key ) const

Returns the item associated with key, or 0 if the key does not exist in the dictionary.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the most recently inserted item will be found.

Equivalent to the find() function.

See also find().

QDataStream & QPtrDict::read ( QDataStream & s, QPtrCollection::Item & item ) [virtual protected]

Reads a dictionary item from the stream s and returns a reference to the stream.

The default implementation sets item to 0.

See also write().

bool QPtrDict::remove ( void * key )

Removes the item associated with key from the dictionary. Returns TRUE if successful, i.e. if key is in the dictionary; otherwise returns FALSE.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the most recently inserted item will be removed.

The removed item is deleted if auto-deletion is enabled.

All dictionary iterators that refer to the removed item will be set to point to the next item in the dictionary traversal order.

See also take(), clear(), and setAutoDelete().

void QPtrDict::replace ( void * key, const type * item )

If the dictionary has key key, this key's item is replaced with item. If the dictionary doesn't contain key key, item is inserted into the dictionary using key key.

item may not be 0.

Equivalent to

QPtrDict<ItemType> dict;

    ...

if ( dict.find( key ) )

    dict.remove( key );

dict.insert( key, item );

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the most recently inserted item will be replaced.

See also insert().

void QPtrDict::resize ( uint newsize )

Changes the size of the hash table to newsize. The contents of the dictionary are preserved, but all iterators on the dictionary become invalid.

void QPtrCollection::setAutoDelete ( bool enable )

Sets the collection to auto-delete its contents if enable is TRUE and to never delete them if enable is FALSE.

If auto-deleting is turned on, all the items in a collection are deleted when the collection itself is deleted. This is convenient if the collection has the only pointer to the items.

The default setting is FALSE, for safety. If you turn it on, be careful about copying the collection - you might find yourself with two collections deleting the same items.

Note that the auto-delete setting may also affect other functions in subclasses. For example, a subclass that has a remove() function will remove the item from its data structure, and if auto-delete is enabled, will also delete the item.

See also autoDelete().

Examples:

uint QPtrDict::size () const

Returns the size of the internal hash table (as specified in the constructor).

See also count().

void QPtrDict::statistics () const

Debugging-only function that prints out the dictionary distribution using qDebug().

type * QPtrDict::take ( void * key )

Takes the item associated with key out of the dictionary without deleting it (even if auto-deletion is enabled).

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the most recently inserted item will be removed.

Returns a pointer to the item taken out, or 0 if the key does not exist in the dictionary.

All dictionary iterators that refer to the taken item will be set to point to the next item in the dictionary traversal order.

See also remove(), clear(), and setAutoDelete().

QDataStream & QPtrDict::write ( QDataStream & s, QPtrCollection::Item ) const [virtual protected]

Writes a dictionary item to the stream s and returns a reference to the stream.

See also read().

See Also

http://doc.trolltech.com/qptrdict.html http://www.trolltech.com/faq/tech.html

Author

Generated automatically from the source code.

Bugs

If you find a bug in Qt, please report it as described in http://doc.trolltech.com/bughowto.html. Good bug reports help us to help you. Thank you.

The definitive Qt documentation is provided in HTML format; it is located at $QTDIR/doc/html and can be read using Qt Assistant or with a web browser. This man page is provided as a convenience for those users who prefer man pages, although this format is not officially supported by Trolltech.

If you find errors in this manual page, please report them to qt-bugs@trolltech.com. Please include the name of the manual page (qptrdict.3qt) and the Qt version (3.3.8).

Referenced By

QPtrDict.3qt(3) is an alias of qptrdict.3qt(3).

2 February 2007 Trolltech AS