qdeepcopy.3qt man page

QDeepCopy — Template class which ensures that

Synopsis

All the functions in this class are reentrant when Qt is built with thread support.</p>

#include <qdeepcopy.h>

Public Members

QDeepCopy ()

QDeepCopy ( const T & t )

QDeepCopy<T> & operator= ( const T & t )

operator T ()

Description

The QDeepCopy class is a template class which ensures that implicitly shared and explicitly shared classes reference unique data.

Normally, shared copies reference the same data to optimize memory use and for maximum speed. In the example below, s1, s2, s3, s4 and s5 share data.

// all 5 strings share the same data

QString s1 = "abcd";

QString s2 = s1;

QString s3 = s2;

QString s4 = s3;

QString s5 = s2;

QDeepCopy can be used several ways to ensure that an object references unique, unshared data. In the example below, s1, s2 and s5 share data, while neither s3 nor s4 share data.

// s1, s2 and s5 share the same data, neither s3 nor s4 are shared

QString s1 = "abcd";

QString s2 = s1;

QDeepCopy<QString> s3 = s2;  // s3 is a deep copy of s2

QString s4 = s3;             // s4 is a deep copy of s3

QString s5 = s2;

In the example below, s1, s2 and s5 share data, and s3 and s4 share data.

// s1, s2 and s5 share the same data, s3 and s4 share the same data

QString s1 = "abcd";

QString s2 = s1;

QString s3 = QDeepCopy<QString>( s2 );  // s3 is a deep copy of s2

QString s4 = s3;                        // s4 is a shallow copy of s3

QString s5 = s2;

QDeepCopy can also provide safety in multithreaded applications that use shared classes. In the example below, the variable global_string is used safely since the data contained in global_string is always a deep copy. This ensures that all threads get a unique copy of the data, and that any assignments to global_string will result in a deep copy.

QDeepCopy<QString> global_string;  // global string data

QMutex global_mutex;               // mutex to protext global_string

...

void setGlobalString( const QString &str )

{

    global_mutex.lock();

    global_string = str;           // global_string is a deep copy of str

    global_mutex.unlock();

}

...

void MyThread::run()

{

    global_mutex.lock();

    QString str = global_string;          // str is a deep copy of global_string

    global_mutex.unlock();

    // process the string data

    ...

    // update global_string

    setGlobalString( str );

}

Warning: It is the application developer's responsibility to protect the object shared across multiple threads.

The examples above use QString, which is an implicitly shared class. The behavior of QDeepCopy is the same when using explicitly shared classes like QByteArray.

Currently, QDeepCopy works with the following classes:

QMemArray (including subclasses like QByteArray and QCString)

QMap

QString

QValueList (including subclasses like QStringList and QValueStack)

QValueVector

See also Thread Support in Qt, Implicitly and Explicitly Shared Classes, and Non-GUI Classes.

QDeepCopy::QDeepCopy ()

Constructs an empty instance of type T.

QDeepCopy::QDeepCopy ( const T & t )

Constructs a deep copy of t.

QDeepCopy::operator T ()

Returns a deep copy of the encapsulated data.

QDeepCopy<T> & QDeepCopy::operator= ( const T & t )

Assigns a deep copy of t.

See Also

http://doc.trolltech.com/qdeepcopy.html http://www.trolltech.com/faq/tech.html

Author

Generated automatically from the source code.

Bugs

If you find a bug in Qt, please report it as described in http://doc.trolltech.com/bughowto.html. Good bug reports help us to help you. Thank you.

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If you find errors in this manual page, please report them to qt-bugs@trolltech.com. Please include the name of the manual page (qdeepcopy.3qt) and the Qt version (3.3.8).

Referenced By

QDeepCopy.3qt(3) is an alias of qdeepcopy.3qt(3).

2 February 2007 Trolltech AS