qdatetime.3qt man page

QDateTime — Date and time functions

Synopsis

All the functions in this class are reentrant when Qt is built with thread support.</p>

#include <qdatetime.h>

Public Members

QDateTime ()

QDateTime ( const QDate & date )

QDateTime ( const QDate & date, const QTime & time )

bool isNull () const

bool isValid () const

QDate date () const

QTime time () const

uint toTime_t () const

void setDate ( const QDate & date )

void setTime ( const QTime & time )

void setTime_t ( uint secsSince1Jan1970UTC )

void setTime_t ( uint secsSince1Jan1970UTC, Qt::TimeSpec ts )

QString toString ( Qt::DateFormat f = Qt::TextDate ) const

QString toString ( const QString & format ) const

QDateTime addDays ( int ndays ) const

QDateTime addMonths ( int nmonths ) const

QDateTime addYears ( int nyears ) const

QDateTime addSecs ( int nsecs ) const

int daysTo ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

int secsTo ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

bool operator== ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

bool operator!= ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

bool operator< ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

bool operator<= ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

bool operator> ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

bool operator>= ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Static Public Members

QDateTime currentDateTime ()

QDateTime currentDateTime ( Qt::TimeSpec ts )

QDateTime fromString ( const QString & s, Qt::DateFormat f = Qt::TextDate )

Description

The QDateTime class provides date and time functions.

A QDateTime object contains a calendar date and a clock time (a" datetime"). It is a combination of the QDate and QTime classes. It can read the current datetime from the system clock. It provides functions for comparing datetimes and for manipulating a datetime by adding a number of seconds, days, months or years.

A QDateTime object is typically created either by giving a date and time explicitly in the constructor, or by using the static function currentDateTime(), which returns a QDateTime object set to the system clock's time. The date and time can be changed with setDate() and setTime(). A datetime can also be set using the setTime_t() function, which takes a POSIX-standard "number of seconds since 00:00:00 on January 1, 1970" value. The fromString() function returns a QDateTime given a string and a date format which is used to interpret the date within the string.

The date() and time() functions provide access to the date and time parts of the datetime. The same information is provided in textual format by the toString() function.

QDateTime provides a full set of operators to compare two QDateTime objects where smaller means earlier and larger means later.

You can increment (or decrement) a datetime by a given number of seconds using addSecs() or days using addDays(). Similarly you can use addMonths() and addYears(). The daysTo() function returns the number of days between two datetimes, and secsTo() returns the number of seconds between two datetimes.

The range of a datetime object is constrained to the ranges of the QDate and QTime objects which it embodies.

See also QDate, QTime, QDateTimeEdit, and Time and Date.

QDateTime::QDateTime ()

Constructs a null datetime (i.e. null date and null time). A null datetime is invalid, since the date is invalid.

See also isValid().

QDateTime::QDateTime ( const QDate & date )

Constructs a datetime with date date and null (but valid) time (00:00:00.000).

QDateTime::QDateTime ( const QDate & date, const QTime & time )

Constructs a datetime with date date and time time.

QDateTime QDateTime::addDays ( int ndays ) const

Returns a QDateTime object containing a datetime ndays days later than the datetime of this object (or earlier if ndays is negative).

See also daysTo(), addMonths(), addYears(), and addSecs().

QDateTime QDateTime::addMonths ( int nmonths ) const

Returns a QDateTime object containing a datetime nmonths months later than the datetime of this object (or earlier if nmonths is negative).

See also daysTo(), addDays(), addYears(), and addSecs().

QDateTime QDateTime::addSecs ( int nsecs ) const

Returns a QDateTime object containing a datetime nsecs seconds later than the datetime of this object (or earlier if nsecs is negative).

See also secsTo(), addDays(), addMonths(), and addYears().

Example: listviews/listviews.cpp.

QDateTime QDateTime::addYears ( int nyears ) const

Returns a QDateTime object containing a datetime nyears years later than the datetime of this object (or earlier if nyears is negative).

See also daysTo(), addDays(), addMonths(), and addSecs().

QDateTime QDateTime::currentDateTime ( Qt::TimeSpec ts ) [static]

Returns the current datetime, as reported by the system clock, for the TimeSpec ts. The default TimeSpec is LocalTime.

See also QDate::currentDate(), QTime::currentTime(), and Qt::TimeSpec.

Example: listviews/listviews.cpp.

QDateTime QDateTime::currentDateTime () [static]

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Returns the current datetime, as reported by the system clock.

See also QDate::currentDate() and QTime::currentTime().

QDate QDateTime::date () const

Returns the date part of the datetime.

See also setDate() and time().

int QDateTime::daysTo ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Returns the number of days from this datetime to dt (which is negative if dt is earlier than this datetime).

See also addDays() and secsTo().

QDateTime QDateTime::fromString ( const QString & s, Qt::DateFormat f = Qt::TextDate ) [static]

Returns the QDateTime represented by the string s, using the format f, or an invalid datetime if this is not possible.

Note for Qt::TextDate: It is recommended that you use the English short month names (e.g. "Jan"). Although localized month names can also be used, they depend on the user's locale settings.

Warning: Note that Qt::LocalDate cannot be used here.

bool QDateTime::isNull () const

Returns TRUE if both the date and the time are null; otherwise returns FALSE. A null datetime is invalid.

See also QDate::isNull() and QTime::isNull().

bool QDateTime::isValid () const

Returns TRUE if both the date and the time are valid; otherwise returns FALSE.

See also QDate::isValid() and QTime::isValid().

bool QDateTime::operator!= ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Returns TRUE if this datetime is different from dt; otherwise returns FALSE.

See also operator==().

bool QDateTime::operator< ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Returns TRUE if this datetime is earlier than dt; otherwise returns FALSE.

bool QDateTime::operator<= ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Returns TRUE if this datetime is earlier than or equal to dt; otherwise returns FALSE.

bool QDateTime::operator== ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Returns TRUE if this datetime is equal to dt; otherwise returns FALSE.

See also operator!=().

bool QDateTime::operator> ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Returns TRUE if this datetime is later than dt; otherwise returns FALSE.

bool QDateTime::operator>= ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Returns TRUE if this datetime is later than or equal to dt; otherwise returns FALSE.

int QDateTime::secsTo ( const QDateTime & dt ) const

Returns the number of seconds from this datetime to dt (which is negative if dt is earlier than this datetime).

Example:

QDateTime dt = QDateTime::currentDateTime();

QDateTime xmas( QDate(dt.date().year(),12,24), QTime(17,00) );

qDebug( "There are %d seconds to Christmas", dt.secsTo(xmas) );

See also addSecs(), daysTo(), and QTime::secsTo().

void QDateTime::setDate ( const QDate & date )

Sets the date part of this datetime to date.

See also date() and setTime().

void QDateTime::setTime ( const QTime & time )

Sets the time part of this datetime to time.

See also time() and setDate().

void QDateTime::setTime_t ( uint secsSince1Jan1970UTC, Qt::TimeSpec ts )

Sets the date and time to ts time (Qt::LocalTime or Qt::UTC) given the number of seconds that have passed since 1970-01-01T00:00:00, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). On systems that do not support timezones this function will behave as if local time were UTC.

On Windows, only a subset of secsSince1Jan1970UTC values are supported, as Windows starts counting from 1980.

See also toTime_t().

void QDateTime::setTime_t ( uint secsSince1Jan1970UTC )

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Convenience function that sets the date and time to local time based on the given UTC time.

QTime QDateTime::time () const

Returns the time part of the datetime.

See also setTime() and date().

QString QDateTime::toString ( const QString & format ) const

Returns the datetime as a string. The format parameter determines the format of the result string.

These expressions may be used for the date:

<center>.nf

Example format strings (assumed that the QDateTime is 21<small><sup>st</sup></small> May 2001 14:13:09)
<center>.nf
.TS
l - l. Format Result dd.MM.yyyy 21.05.2001 ddd MMMM d yy Tue May 21 01 hh:mm:ss.zzz 14:13:09.042 h:m:s ap

</center>

If the datetime is an invalid datetime, then QString::null will be returned.

See also QDate::toString() and QTime::toString().

QString QDateTime::toString ( Qt::DateFormat f = Qt::TextDate ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Returns the datetime as a string. The f parameter determines the format of the string.

If f is Qt::TextDate, the string format is "Wed May 20 03:40:13 1998" (using QDate::shortDayName(), QDate::shortMonthName(), and QTime::toString() to generate the string, so the day and month names will have localized names).

If f is Qt::ISODate, the string format corresponds to the ISO 8601 extended specification for representations of dates and times, which is YYYY-MM-DDTHH:MM:SS.

If f is Qt::LocalDate, the string format depends on the locale settings of the system.

If the format f is invalid or the datetime is invalid, toString() returns a null string.

See also QDate::toString() and QTime::toString().

uint QDateTime::toTime_t () const

Returns the datetime as the number of seconds that have passed since 1970-01-01T00:00:00, Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

On systems that do not support timezones, this function will behave as if local time were UTC.

See also setTime_t().

QDataStream & operator<< ( QDataStream & s, const QDateTime & dt )

Writes the datetime dt to the stream s.

See also Format of the QDataStream operators.

QDataStream & operator>> ( QDataStream & s, QDateTime & dt )

Reads a datetime from the stream s into dt.

See also Format of the QDataStream operators.

See Also

http://doc.trolltech.com/qdatetime.html http://www.trolltech.com/faq/tech.html

Author

Generated automatically from the source code.

Bugs

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Referenced By

QDateTime.3qt(3) is an alias of qdatetime.3qt(3).

2 February 2007 Trolltech AS