qcanvassprite.3qt man page

QCanvasSprite — Animated canvas item on a QCanvas

Synopsis

#include <qcanvas.h>

Inherits QCanvasItem.

Public Members

QCanvasSprite ( QCanvasPixmapArray * a, QCanvas * canvas )

void setSequence ( QCanvasPixmapArray * a )

virtual ~QCanvasSprite ()

virtual void move ( double nx, double ny, int nf )

void setFrame ( int f )

enum FrameAnimationType { Cycle, Oscillate }

virtual void setFrameAnimation ( FrameAnimationType type = Cycle, int step = 1, int state = 0 )

int frame () const

int frameCount () const

virtual int rtti () const

virtual QRect boundingRect () const

int width () const

int height () const

int leftEdge () const

int topEdge () const

int rightEdge () const

int bottomEdge () const

int leftEdge ( int nx ) const

int topEdge ( int ny ) const

int rightEdge ( int nx ) const

int bottomEdge ( int ny ) const

QCanvasPixmap * image () const

virtual QCanvasPixmap * imageAdvanced () const

QCanvasPixmap * image ( int f ) const

virtual void advance ( int phase )

virtual void draw ( QPainter & painter )

Description

The QCanvasSprite class provides an animated canvas item on a QCanvas.

A canvas sprite is an object which can contain any number of images (referred to as frames), only one of which is current, i.e. displayed, at any one time. The images can be passed in the constructor or set or changed later with setSequence(). If you subclass QCanvasSprite you can change the frame that is displayed periodically, e.g. whenever QCanvasItem::advance(1) is called to create the effect of animation.

The current frame can be set with setFrame() or with move(). The number of frames available is given by frameCount(). The bounding rectangle of the current frame is returned by boundingRect().

The current frame's image can be retrieved with image(); use imageAdvanced() to retrieve the image for the frame that will be shown after advance(1) is called. Use the image() overload passing it an integer index to retrieve a particular image from the list of frames.

Use width() and height() to retrieve the dimensions of the current frame.

Use leftEdge() and rightEdge() to retrieve the current frame's left-hand and right-hand x-coordinates respectively. Use bottomEdge() and topEdge() to retrieve the current frame's bottom and top y-coordinates respectively. These functions have an overload which will accept an integer frame number to retrieve the coordinates of a particular frame.

QCanvasSprite draws very quickly, at the expense of memory.

The current frame's image can be drawn on a painter with draw().

Like any other canvas item, canvas sprites can be moved with move() which sets the x and y coordinates and the frame number, as well as with QCanvasItem::move() and QCanvasItem::moveBy(), or by setting coordinates with QCanvasItem::setX(), QCanvasItem::setY() and QCanvasItem::setZ().

See also Graphics Classes and Image Processing Classes.

Member Type Documentation

QCanvasSprite::FrameAnimationType

This enum is used to identify the different types of frame animation offered by QCanvasSprite.

QCanvasSprite::Cycle - at each advance the frame number will be incremented by 1 (modulo the frame count).

QCanvasSprite::Oscillate - at each advance the frame number will be incremented by 1 up to the frame count then decremented to by 1 to 0, repeating this sequence forever.

QCanvasSprite::QCanvasSprite ( QCanvasPixmapArray * a, QCanvas * canvas )

Constructs a QCanvasSprite which uses images from the QCanvasPixmapArray a.

The sprite in initially positioned at (0, 0) on canvas, using frame 0.

QCanvasSprite::~QCanvasSprite () [virtual]

Destroys the sprite and removes it from the canvas. Does not delete the images.

void QCanvasSprite::advance ( int phase ) [virtual]

Extends the default QCanvasItem implementation to provide the functionality of setFrameAnimation().

The phase is 0 or 1: see QCanvasItem::advance() for details.

See also QCanvasItem::advance() and setVelocity().

Example: canvas/canvas.cpp.

Reimplemented from QCanvasItem.

int QCanvasSprite::bottomEdge () const

Returns the y-coordinate of the current bottom edge of the sprite. (This may change as the sprite animates since different frames may have different bottom edges.)

See also leftEdge(), rightEdge(), and topEdge().

int QCanvasSprite::bottomEdge ( int ny ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Returns what the y-coordinate of the top edge of the sprite would be if the sprite (actually its hotspot) were moved to y-position ny.

See also leftEdge(), rightEdge(), and topEdge().

QRect QCanvasSprite::boundingRect () const [virtual]

Returns the bounding rectangle for the image in the sprite's current frame. This assumes that the images are tightly cropped (i.e. do not have transparent pixels all along a side).

Reimplemented from QCanvasItem.

void QCanvasSprite::draw ( QPainter & painter ) [virtual]

Draws the current frame's image at the sprite's current position on painter painter.

Reimplemented from QCanvasItem.

int QCanvasSprite::frame () const

Returns the index of the current animation frame in the QCanvasSprite's QCanvasPixmapArray.

See also setFrame() and move().

int QCanvasSprite::frameCount () const

Returns the number of frames in the QCanvasSprite's QCanvasPixmapArray.

int QCanvasSprite::height () const

The height of the sprite for the current frame's image.

See also frame().

QCanvasPixmap * QCanvasSprite::image () const

Returns the current frame's image.

See also frame() and setFrame().

QCanvasPixmap * QCanvasSprite::image ( int f ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Returns the image for frame f. Does not do any bounds checking on f.

QCanvasPixmap * QCanvasSprite::imageAdvanced () const [virtual]

Returns the image the sprite will have after advance(1) is called. By default this is the same as image().

int QCanvasSprite::leftEdge () const

Returns the x-coordinate of the current left edge of the sprite. (This may change as the sprite animates since different frames may have different left edges.)

See also rightEdge(), bottomEdge(), and topEdge().

int QCanvasSprite::leftEdge ( int nx ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Returns what the x-coordinate of the left edge of the sprite would be if the sprite (actually its hotspot) were moved to x-position nx.

See also rightEdge(), bottomEdge(), and topEdge().

void QCanvasSprite::move ( double nx, double ny, int nf ) [virtual]

Set the position of the sprite to nx, ny and the current frame to nf. nf will be ignored if it is larger than frameCount() or smaller than 0.

int QCanvasSprite::rightEdge () const

Returns the x-coordinate of the current right edge of the sprite. (This may change as the sprite animates since different frames may have different right edges.)

See also leftEdge(), bottomEdge(), and topEdge().

int QCanvasSprite::rightEdge ( int nx ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Returns what the x-coordinate of the right edge of the sprite would be if the sprite (actually its hotspot) were moved to x-position nx.

See also leftEdge(), bottomEdge(), and topEdge().

int QCanvasSprite::rtti () const [virtual]

Returns 1 (QCanvasItem::Rtti_Sprite).

See also QCanvasItem::rtti().

Example: canvas/canvas.cpp.

Reimplemented from QCanvasItem.

void QCanvasSprite::setFrame ( int f )

Sets the animation frame used for displaying the sprite to f, an index into the QCanvasSprite's QCanvasPixmapArray. The call will be ignored if f is larger than frameCount() or smaller than 0.

See also frame() and move().

void QCanvasSprite::setFrameAnimation ( FrameAnimationType type = Cycle, int step = 1, int state = 0 ) [virtual]

Sets the animation characteristics for the sprite.

For type == Cycle, the frames will increase by step at each advance, modulo the frameCount().

For type == Oscillate, the frames will increase by step at each advance, up to the frameCount(), then decrease by step back to 0, repeating forever.

The state parameter is for internal use.

void QCanvasSprite::setSequence ( QCanvasPixmapArray * a )

Set the array of images used for displaying the sprite to the QCanvasPixmapArray a.

If the current frame() is larger than the number of images in a, the current frame will be reset to 0.

int QCanvasSprite::topEdge () const

Returns the y-coordinate of the top edge of the sprite. (This may change as the sprite animates since different frames may have different top edges.)

See also leftEdge(), rightEdge(), and bottomEdge().

int QCanvasSprite::topEdge ( int ny ) const

This is an overloaded member function, provided for convenience. It behaves essentially like the above function.

Returns what the y-coordinate of the top edge of the sprite would be if the sprite (actually its hotspot) were moved to y-position ny.

See also leftEdge(), rightEdge(), and bottomEdge().

int QCanvasSprite::width () const

The width of the sprite for the current frame's image.

See also frame().

See Also

http://doc.trolltech.com/qcanvassprite.… http://www.trolltech.com/faq/tech.html

Author

Generated automatically from the source code.

Bugs

If you find a bug in Qt, please report it as described in http://doc.trolltech.com/bughowto.html. Good bug reports help us to help you. Thank you.

The definitive Qt documentation is provided in HTML format; it is located at $QTDIR/doc/html and can be read using Qt Assistant or with a web browser. This man page is provided as a convenience for those users who prefer man pages, although this format is not officially supported by Trolltech.

If you find errors in this manual page, please report them to qt-bugs@trolltech.com. Please include the name of the manual page (qcanvassprite.3qt) and the Qt version (3.3.8).

Referenced By

QCanvasSprite.3qt(3) is an alias of qcanvassprite.3qt(3).

2 February 2007 Trolltech AS