qasciidict.3qt man page

QAsciiDict — Template class that provides a dictionary based on char* keys

Synopsis

#include <qasciidict.h>

Inherits QPtrCollection.

Public Members

QAsciiDict ( int size = 17, bool caseSensitive = TRUE, bool copyKeys = TRUE )

QAsciiDict ( const QAsciiDict<type> & dict )

~QAsciiDict ()

QAsciiDict<type> & operator= ( const QAsciiDict<type> & dict )

virtual uint count () const

uint size () const

bool isEmpty () const

void insert ( const char * key, const type * item )

void replace ( const char * key, const type * item )

bool remove ( const char * key )

type * take ( const char * key )

type * find ( const char * key ) const

type * operator[] ( const char * key ) const

virtual void clear ()

void resize ( uint newsize )

void statistics () const

Important Inherited Members

bool autoDelete () const

void setAutoDelete ( bool enable )

Protected Members

virtual QDataStream & read ( QDataStream & s, QPtrCollection::Item & item )

virtual QDataStream & write ( QDataStream & s, QPtrCollection::Item ) const

Description

The QAsciiDict class is a template class that provides a dictionary based on char* keys.

QAsciiDict is implemented as a template class. Define a template instance QAsciiDict<X> to create a dictionary that operates on pointers to X (X*).

A dictionary is a collection of key-value pairs. The key is a char* used for insertion, removal and lookup. The value is a pointer. Dictionaries provide very fast insertion and lookup.

QAsciiDict cannot handle Unicode keys; use the QDict template instead, which uses QString keys. A QDict has the same performace as a QAsciiDict.

Example:

QAsciiDict<QLineEdit> fields; // char* keys, QLineEdit* values

fields.insert( "forename", new QLineEdit( this ) );

fields.insert( "surname", new QLineEdit( this ) );

fields["forename"]->setText( "Homer" );

fields["surname"]->setText( "Simpson" );

QAsciiDictIterator<QLineEdit> it( fields ); // See QAsciiDictIterator

for( ; it.current(); ++it )

    cout << it.currentKey() << ": " << it.current()->text() << endl;

cout << endl;

if ( fields["forename"] && fields["surname"] )

    cout << fields["forename"]->text() << " "

        << fields["surname"]->text() << endl;  // Prints "Homer Simpson"

fields.remove( "forename" ); // Does not delete the line edit

if ( ! fields["forename"] )

    cout << "forename is not in the dictionary" << endl;

In this example we use a dictionary to keep track of the line edits we're using. We insert each line edit into the dictionary with a unique name and then access the line edits via the dictionary. See QPtrDict, QIntDict and QDict.

See QDict for full details, including the choice of dictionary size, and how deletions are handled.

See also QAsciiDictIterator, QDict, QIntDict, QPtrDict, Collection Classes, Collection Classes, and Non-GUI Classes.

QAsciiDict::QAsciiDict ( int size = 17, bool caseSensitive = TRUE, bool copyKeys = TRUE )

Constructs a dictionary optimized for less than size entries.

We recommend setting size to a suitably large prime number (a bit larger than the expected number of entries). This makes the hash distribution better and will improve lookup performance.

When caseSensitive is TRUE (the default) QAsciiDict treats" abc" and "Abc" as different keys; when it is FALSE "abc" and" Abc" are the same. Case-insensitive comparison only considers the 26 letters in US-ASCII.

If copyKeys is TRUE (the default), the dictionary copies keys using strcpy(); if it is FALSE, the dictionary just copies the pointers.

QAsciiDict::QAsciiDict ( const QAsciiDict<type> & dict )

Constructs a copy of dict.

Each item in dict is inserted into this dictionary. Only the pointers are copied (shallow copy).

QAsciiDict::~QAsciiDict ()

Removes all items from the dictionary and destroys it.

The items are deleted if auto-delete is enabled.

All iterators that access this dictionary will be reset.

See also setAutoDelete().

bool QPtrCollection::autoDelete () const

Returns the setting of the auto-delete option. The default is FALSE.

See also setAutoDelete().

void QAsciiDict::clear () [virtual]

Removes all items from the dictionary.

The removed items are deleted if auto-deletion is enabled.

All dictionary iterators that operate on dictionary are reset.

See also remove(), take(), and setAutoDelete().

Reimplemented from QPtrCollection.

uint QAsciiDict::count () const [virtual]

Returns the number of items in the dictionary.

See also isEmpty().

Reimplemented from QPtrCollection.

type * QAsciiDict::find ( const char * key ) const

Returns the item associated with key, or 0 if the key does not exist in the dictionary.

This function uses an internal hashing algorithm to optimize lookup.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the item that was most recently inserted will be found.

Equivalent to the [] operator.

See also operator[]().

void QAsciiDict::insert ( const char * key, const type * item )

Inserts the key with the item into the dictionary.

Multiple items can have the same key, in which case only the last item will be accessible using operator[]().

item may not be 0.

See also replace().

bool QAsciiDict::isEmpty () const

Returns TRUE if the dictionary is empty, i.e. count() == 0; otherwise it returns FALSE.

See also count().

QAsciiDict<type> & QAsciiDict::operator= ( const QAsciiDict<type> & dict )

Assigns dict to this dictionary and returns a reference to this dictionary.

This dictionary is first cleared and then each item in dict is inserted into this dictionary. Only the pointers are copied (shallow copy) unless newItem() has been reimplemented().

type * QAsciiDict::operator[] ( const char * key ) const

Returns the item associated with key, or 0 if the key does not exist in the dictionary.

This function uses an internal hashing algorithm to optimize lookup.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the item that was most recently inserted will be found.

Equivalent to the find() function.

See also find().

QDataStream & QAsciiDict::read ( QDataStream & s, QPtrCollection::Item & item ) [virtual protected]

Reads a dictionary item from the stream s and returns a reference to the stream.

The default implementation sets item to 0.

See also write().

bool QAsciiDict::remove ( const char * key )

Removes the item associated with key from the dictionary. Returns TRUE if successful, i.e. if the key existed in the dictionary; otherwise returns FALSE.

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the most recently inserted item will be removed.

The removed item is deleted if auto-deletion is enabled.

All dictionary iterators that refer to the removed item will be set to point to the next item in the dictionary traversal order.

See also take(), clear(), and setAutoDelete().

void QAsciiDict::replace ( const char * key, const type * item )

Replaces an item that has a key equal to key with item.

If the item does not already exist, it will be inserted.

item may not be 0.

Equivalent to:

QAsciiDict<char> dict;

    ...

if ( dict.find(key) )

    dict.remove( key );

dict.insert( key, item );

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the most recently inserted item will be replaced.

See also insert().

void QAsciiDict::resize ( uint newsize )

Changes the size of the hashtable to newsize. The contents of the dictionary are preserved but all iterators on the dictionary become invalid.

void QPtrCollection::setAutoDelete ( bool enable )

Sets the collection to auto-delete its contents if enable is TRUE and to never delete them if enable is FALSE.

If auto-deleting is turned on, all the items in a collection are deleted when the collection itself is deleted. This is convenient if the collection has the only pointer to the items.

The default setting is FALSE, for safety. If you turn it on, be careful about copying the collection - you might find yourself with two collections deleting the same items.

Note that the auto-delete setting may also affect other functions in subclasses. For example, a subclass that has a remove() function will remove the item from its data structure, and if auto-delete is enabled, will also delete the item.

See also autoDelete().

Examples:

uint QAsciiDict::size () const

Returns the size of the internal hash array (as specified in the constructor).

See also count().

void QAsciiDict::statistics () const

Debugging-only function that prints out the dictionary distribution using qDebug().

type * QAsciiDict::take ( const char * key )

Takes the item associated with key out of the dictionary without deleting it (even if auto-deletion is enabled).

If there are two or more items with equal keys, then the most recently inserted item will be taken.

Returns a pointer to the item taken out, or 0 if the key does not exist in the dictionary.

All dictionary iterators that refer to the taken item will be set to point to the next item in the dictionary traversal order.

See also remove(), clear(), and setAutoDelete().

QDataStream & QAsciiDict::write ( QDataStream & s, QPtrCollection::Item ) const [virtual protected]

Writes a dictionary item to the stream s and returns a reference to the stream.

See also read().

See Also

http://doc.trolltech.com/qasciidict.html http://www.trolltech.com/faq/tech.html

Author

Generated automatically from the source code.

Bugs

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The definitive Qt documentation is provided in HTML format; it is located at $QTDIR/doc/html and can be read using Qt Assistant or with a web browser. This man page is provided as a convenience for those users who prefer man pages, although this format is not officially supported by Trolltech.

If you find errors in this manual page, please report them to qt-bugs@trolltech.com. Please include the name of the manual page (qasciidict.3qt) and the Qt version (3.3.8).

Referenced By

QAsciiDict.3qt(3) is an alias of qasciidict.3qt(3).

2 February 2007 Trolltech AS