# pftrs - Man Page

pftrs: triangular solve using factor

## Synopsis

### Functions

subroutine cpftrs (transr, uplo, n, nrhs, a, b, ldb, info)
CPFTRS
subroutine dpftrs (transr, uplo, n, nrhs, a, b, ldb, info)
DPFTRS
subroutine spftrs (transr, uplo, n, nrhs, a, b, ldb, info)
SPFTRS
subroutine zpftrs (transr, uplo, n, nrhs, a, b, ldb, info)
ZPFTRS

## Function Documentation

### subroutine cpftrs (character transr, character uplo, integer n, integer nrhs, complex, dimension( 0: * ) a, complex, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, integer info)

CPFTRS

Purpose:

``` CPFTRS solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a Hermitian
positive definite matrix A using the Cholesky factorization
A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H computed by CPFTRF.```
Parameters

TRANSR

```          TRANSR is CHARACTER*1
= 'N':  The Normal TRANSR of RFP A is stored;
= 'C':  The Conjugate-transpose TRANSR of RFP A is stored.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of RFP A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of RFP A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

NRHS

```          NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.```

A

```          A is COMPLEX array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 );
The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization
of RFP A = U**H*U or RFP A = L*L**H, as computed by CPFTRF.
See note below for more details about RFP A.```

B

```          B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
On exit, the solution matrix X.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  We first consider Standard Packed Format when N is even.
We give an example where N = 6.

AP is Upper             AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04 05       00
11 12 13 14 15       10 11
22 23 24 25       20 21 22
33 34 35       30 31 32 33
44 45       40 41 42 43 44
55       50 51 52 53 54 55

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the first three columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the last three columns of AP lower.
To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the
case N even and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- --
03 04 05                33 43 53
-- --
13 14 15                00 44 54
--
23 24 25                10 11 55

33 34 35                20 21 22
--
00 44 45                30 31 32
-- --
01 11 55                40 41 42
-- -- --
02 12 22                50 51 52

Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate-
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- -- --
03 13 23 33 00 01 02    33 00 10 20 30 40 50
-- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- --
04 14 24 34 44 11 12    43 44 11 21 31 41 51
-- -- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- --
05 15 25 35 45 55 22    53 54 55 22 32 42 52

We next  consider Standard Packed Format when N is odd.
We give an example where N = 5.

AP is Upper                 AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04              00
11 12 13 14              10 11
22 23 24              20 21 22
33 34              30 31 32 33
44              40 41 42 43 44

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the first two   columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the last two   columns of AP lower.
To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the
case N odd  and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

-- --
02 03 04                00 33 43
--
12 13 14                10 11 44

22 23 24                20 21 22
--
00 33 34                30 31 32
-- --
01 11 44                40 41 42

Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate-
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- --                   -- -- -- -- -- --
02 12 22 00 01             00 10 20 30 40 50
-- -- -- --                   -- -- -- -- --
03 13 23 33 11             33 11 21 31 41 51
-- -- -- -- --                   -- -- -- --
04 14 24 34 44             43 44 22 32 42 52```

Definition at line 219 of file cpftrs.f.

### subroutine dpftrs (character transr, character uplo, integer n, integer nrhs, double precision, dimension( 0: * ) a, double precision, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, integer info)

DPFTRS

Purpose:

``` DPFTRS solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a symmetric
positive definite matrix A using the Cholesky factorization
A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T computed by DPFTRF.```
Parameters

TRANSR

```          TRANSR is CHARACTER*1
= 'N':  The Normal TRANSR of RFP A is stored;
= 'T':  The Transpose TRANSR of RFP A is stored.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of RFP A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of RFP A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

NRHS

```          NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.```

A

```          A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 ).
The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization
of RFP A = U**T*U or RFP A = L*L**T, as computed by DPFTRF.
See note below for more details about RFP A.```

B

```          B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
On exit, the solution matrix X.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  We first consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is
even. We give an example where N = 6.

AP is Upper             AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04 05       00
11 12 13 14 15       10 11
22 23 24 25       20 21 22
33 34 35       30 31 32 33
44 45       40 41 42 43 44
55       50 51 52 53 54 55

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of
the transpose of the first three columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of
the transpose of the last three columns of AP lower.
This covers the case N even and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

03 04 05                33 43 53
13 14 15                00 44 54
23 24 25                10 11 55
33 34 35                20 21 22
00 44 45                30 31 32
01 11 55                40 41 42
02 12 22                50 51 52

Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

03 13 23 33 00 01 02    33 00 10 20 30 40 50
04 14 24 34 44 11 12    43 44 11 21 31 41 51
05 15 25 35 45 55 22    53 54 55 22 32 42 52

We then consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is
odd. We give an example where N = 5.

AP is Upper                 AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04              00
11 12 13 14              10 11
22 23 24              20 21 22
33 34              30 31 32 33
44              40 41 42 43 44

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of
the transpose of the first two columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of
the transpose of the last two columns of AP lower.
This covers the case N odd and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

02 03 04                00 33 43
12 13 14                10 11 44
22 23 24                20 21 22
00 33 34                30 31 32
01 11 44                40 41 42

Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

02 12 22 00 01             00 10 20 30 40 50
03 13 23 33 11             33 11 21 31 41 51
04 14 24 34 44             43 44 22 32 42 52```

Definition at line 198 of file dpftrs.f.

### subroutine spftrs (character transr, character uplo, integer n, integer nrhs, real, dimension( 0: * ) a, real, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, integer info)

SPFTRS

Purpose:

``` SPFTRS solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a symmetric
positive definite matrix A using the Cholesky factorization
A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T computed by SPFTRF.```
Parameters

TRANSR

```          TRANSR is CHARACTER*1
= 'N':  The Normal TRANSR of RFP A is stored;
= 'T':  The Transpose TRANSR of RFP A is stored.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of RFP A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of RFP A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

NRHS

```          NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.```

A

```          A is REAL array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 )
The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization
of RFP A = U**H*U or RFP A = L*L**T, as computed by SPFTRF.
See note below for more details about RFP A.```

B

```          B is REAL array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
On exit, the solution matrix X.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  We first consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is
even. We give an example where N = 6.

AP is Upper             AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04 05       00
11 12 13 14 15       10 11
22 23 24 25       20 21 22
33 34 35       30 31 32 33
44 45       40 41 42 43 44
55       50 51 52 53 54 55

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of
the transpose of the first three columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of
the transpose of the last three columns of AP lower.
This covers the case N even and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

03 04 05                33 43 53
13 14 15                00 44 54
23 24 25                10 11 55
33 34 35                20 21 22
00 44 45                30 31 32
01 11 55                40 41 42
02 12 22                50 51 52

Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

03 13 23 33 00 01 02    33 00 10 20 30 40 50
04 14 24 34 44 11 12    43 44 11 21 31 41 51
05 15 25 35 45 55 22    53 54 55 22 32 42 52

We then consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is
odd. We give an example where N = 5.

AP is Upper                 AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04              00
11 12 13 14              10 11
22 23 24              20 21 22
33 34              30 31 32 33
44              40 41 42 43 44

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of
the transpose of the first two columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of
the transpose of the last two columns of AP lower.
This covers the case N odd and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

02 03 04                00 33 43
12 13 14                10 11 44
22 23 24                20 21 22
00 33 34                30 31 32
01 11 44                40 41 42

Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

02 12 22 00 01             00 10 20 30 40 50
03 13 23 33 11             33 11 21 31 41 51
04 14 24 34 44             43 44 22 32 42 52```

Definition at line 198 of file spftrs.f.

### subroutine zpftrs (character transr, character uplo, integer n, integer nrhs, complex*16, dimension( 0: * ) a, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, integer info)

ZPFTRS

Purpose:

``` ZPFTRS solves a system of linear equations A*X = B with a Hermitian
positive definite matrix A using the Cholesky factorization
A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H computed by ZPFTRF.```
Parameters

TRANSR

```          TRANSR is CHARACTER*1
= 'N':  The Normal TRANSR of RFP A is stored;
= 'C':  The Conjugate-transpose TRANSR of RFP A is stored.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of RFP A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of RFP A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

NRHS

```          NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrix B.  NRHS >= 0.```

A

```          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 );
The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization
of RFP A = U**H*U or RFP A = L*L**H, as computed by ZPFTRF.
See note below for more details about RFP A.```

B

```          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the right hand side matrix B.
On exit, the solution matrix X.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  We first consider Standard Packed Format when N is even.
We give an example where N = 6.

AP is Upper             AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04 05       00
11 12 13 14 15       10 11
22 23 24 25       20 21 22
33 34 35       30 31 32 33
44 45       40 41 42 43 44
55       50 51 52 53 54 55

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the first three columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the last three columns of AP lower.
To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the
case N even and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- --
03 04 05                33 43 53
-- --
13 14 15                00 44 54
--
23 24 25                10 11 55

33 34 35                20 21 22
--
00 44 45                30 31 32
-- --
01 11 55                40 41 42
-- -- --
02 12 22                50 51 52

Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate-
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- -- --
03 13 23 33 00 01 02    33 00 10 20 30 40 50
-- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- --
04 14 24 34 44 11 12    43 44 11 21 31 41 51
-- -- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- --
05 15 25 35 45 55 22    53 54 55 22 32 42 52

We next  consider Standard Packed Format when N is odd.
We give an example where N = 5.

AP is Upper                 AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04              00
11 12 13 14              10 11
22 23 24              20 21 22
33 34              30 31 32 33
44              40 41 42 43 44

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the first two   columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the last two   columns of AP lower.
To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the
case N odd  and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

-- --
02 03 04                00 33 43
--
12 13 14                10 11 44

22 23 24                20 21 22
--
00 33 34                30 31 32
-- --
01 11 44                40 41 42

Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate-
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- --                   -- -- -- -- -- --
02 12 22 00 01             00 10 20 30 40 50
-- -- -- --                   -- -- -- -- --
03 13 23 33 11             33 11 21 31 41 51
-- -- -- -- --                   -- -- -- --
04 14 24 34 44             43 44 22 32 42 52```

Definition at line 219 of file zpftrs.f.

## Author

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## Info

Tue Nov 28 2023 12:08:43 Version 3.12.0 LAPACK