# pftri - Man Page

pftri: triangular inverse

## Synopsis

### Functions

subroutine cpftri (transr, uplo, n, a, info)
CPFTRI
subroutine dpftri (transr, uplo, n, a, info)
DPFTRI
subroutine spftri (transr, uplo, n, a, info)
SPFTRI
subroutine zpftri (transr, uplo, n, a, info)
ZPFTRI

## Function Documentation

### subroutine cpftri (character transr, character uplo, integer n, complex, dimension( 0: * ) a, integer info)

CPFTRI

Purpose:

``` CPFTRI computes the inverse of a complex Hermitian positive definite
matrix A using the Cholesky factorization A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H
computed by CPFTRF.```
Parameters

TRANSR

```          TRANSR is CHARACTER*1
= 'N':  The Normal TRANSR of RFP A is stored;
= 'C':  The Conjugate-transpose TRANSR of RFP A is stored.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

A

```          A is COMPLEX array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 );
On entry, the Hermitian matrix A in RFP format. RFP format is
described by TRANSR, UPLO, and N as follows: If TRANSR = 'N'
then RFP A is (0:N,0:k-1) when N is even; k=N/2. RFP A is
(0:N-1,0:k) when N is odd; k=N/2. IF TRANSR = 'C' then RFP is
the Conjugate-transpose of RFP A as defined when
TRANSR = 'N'. The contents of RFP A are defined by UPLO as
follows: If UPLO = 'U' the RFP A contains the nt elements of
upper packed A. If UPLO = 'L' the RFP A contains the elements
of lower packed A. The LDA of RFP A is (N+1)/2 when TRANSR =
'C'. When TRANSR is 'N' the LDA is N+1 when N is even and N
is odd. See the Note below for more details.

On exit, the Hermitian inverse of the original matrix, in the
same storage format.```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0:  if INFO = i, the (i,i) element of the factor U or L is
zero, and the inverse could not be computed.```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  We first consider Standard Packed Format when N is even.
We give an example where N = 6.

AP is Upper             AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04 05       00
11 12 13 14 15       10 11
22 23 24 25       20 21 22
33 34 35       30 31 32 33
44 45       40 41 42 43 44
55       50 51 52 53 54 55

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the first three columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the last three columns of AP lower.
To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the
case N even and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- --
03 04 05                33 43 53
-- --
13 14 15                00 44 54
--
23 24 25                10 11 55

33 34 35                20 21 22
--
00 44 45                30 31 32
-- --
01 11 55                40 41 42
-- -- --
02 12 22                50 51 52

Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate-
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- -- --
03 13 23 33 00 01 02    33 00 10 20 30 40 50
-- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- --
04 14 24 34 44 11 12    43 44 11 21 31 41 51
-- -- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- --
05 15 25 35 45 55 22    53 54 55 22 32 42 52

We next  consider Standard Packed Format when N is odd.
We give an example where N = 5.

AP is Upper                 AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04              00
11 12 13 14              10 11
22 23 24              20 21 22
33 34              30 31 32 33
44              40 41 42 43 44

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the first two   columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the last two   columns of AP lower.
To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the
case N odd  and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

-- --
02 03 04                00 33 43
--
12 13 14                10 11 44

22 23 24                20 21 22
--
00 33 34                30 31 32
-- --
01 11 44                40 41 42

Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate-
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- --                   -- -- -- -- -- --
02 12 22 00 01             00 10 20 30 40 50
-- -- -- --                   -- -- -- -- --
03 13 23 33 11             33 11 21 31 41 51
-- -- -- -- --                   -- -- -- --
04 14 24 34 44             43 44 22 32 42 52```

Definition at line 211 of file cpftri.f.

### subroutine dpftri (character transr, character uplo, integer n, double precision, dimension( 0: * ) a, integer info)

DPFTRI

Purpose:

``` DPFTRI computes the inverse of a (real) symmetric positive definite
matrix A using the Cholesky factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T
computed by DPFTRF.```
Parameters

TRANSR

```          TRANSR is CHARACTER*1
= 'N':  The Normal TRANSR of RFP A is stored;
= 'T':  The Transpose TRANSR of RFP A is stored.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

A

```          A is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 )
On entry, the symmetric matrix A in RFP format. RFP format is
described by TRANSR, UPLO, and N as follows: If TRANSR = 'N'
then RFP A is (0:N,0:k-1) when N is even; k=N/2. RFP A is
(0:N-1,0:k) when N is odd; k=N/2. IF TRANSR = 'T' then RFP is
the transpose of RFP A as defined when
TRANSR = 'N'. The contents of RFP A are defined by UPLO as
follows: If UPLO = 'U' the RFP A contains the nt elements of
upper packed A. If UPLO = 'L' the RFP A contains the elements
of lower packed A. The LDA of RFP A is (N+1)/2 when TRANSR =
'T'. When TRANSR is 'N' the LDA is N+1 when N is even and N
is odd. See the Note below for more details.

On exit, the symmetric inverse of the original matrix, in the
same storage format.```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0:  if INFO = i, the (i,i) element of the factor U or L is
zero, and the inverse could not be computed.```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  We first consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is
even. We give an example where N = 6.

AP is Upper             AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04 05       00
11 12 13 14 15       10 11
22 23 24 25       20 21 22
33 34 35       30 31 32 33
44 45       40 41 42 43 44
55       50 51 52 53 54 55

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of
the transpose of the first three columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of
the transpose of the last three columns of AP lower.
This covers the case N even and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

03 04 05                33 43 53
13 14 15                00 44 54
23 24 25                10 11 55
33 34 35                20 21 22
00 44 45                30 31 32
01 11 55                40 41 42
02 12 22                50 51 52

Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

03 13 23 33 00 01 02    33 00 10 20 30 40 50
04 14 24 34 44 11 12    43 44 11 21 31 41 51
05 15 25 35 45 55 22    53 54 55 22 32 42 52

We then consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is
odd. We give an example where N = 5.

AP is Upper                 AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04              00
11 12 13 14              10 11
22 23 24              20 21 22
33 34              30 31 32 33
44              40 41 42 43 44

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of
the transpose of the first two columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of
the transpose of the last two columns of AP lower.
This covers the case N odd and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

02 03 04                00 33 43
12 13 14                10 11 44
22 23 24                20 21 22
00 33 34                30 31 32
01 11 44                40 41 42

Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

02 12 22 00 01             00 10 20 30 40 50
03 13 23 33 11             33 11 21 31 41 51
04 14 24 34 44             43 44 22 32 42 52```

Definition at line 190 of file dpftri.f.

### subroutine spftri (character transr, character uplo, integer n, real, dimension( 0: * ) a, integer info)

SPFTRI

Purpose:

``` SPFTRI computes the inverse of a real (symmetric) positive definite
matrix A using the Cholesky factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T
computed by SPFTRF.```
Parameters

TRANSR

```          TRANSR is CHARACTER*1
= 'N':  The Normal TRANSR of RFP A is stored;
= 'T':  The Transpose TRANSR of RFP A is stored.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

A

```          A is REAL array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 )
On entry, the symmetric matrix A in RFP format. RFP format is
described by TRANSR, UPLO, and N as follows: If TRANSR = 'N'
then RFP A is (0:N,0:k-1) when N is even; k=N/2. RFP A is
(0:N-1,0:k) when N is odd; k=N/2. IF TRANSR = 'T' then RFP is
the transpose of RFP A as defined when
TRANSR = 'N'. The contents of RFP A are defined by UPLO as
follows: If UPLO = 'U' the RFP A contains the nt elements of
upper packed A. If UPLO = 'L' the RFP A contains the elements
of lower packed A. The LDA of RFP A is (N+1)/2 when TRANSR =
'T'. When TRANSR is 'N' the LDA is N+1 when N is even and N
is odd. See the Note below for more details.

On exit, the symmetric inverse of the original matrix, in the
same storage format.```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0:  if INFO = i, the (i,i) element of the factor U or L is
zero, and the inverse could not be computed.```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  We first consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is
even. We give an example where N = 6.

AP is Upper             AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04 05       00
11 12 13 14 15       10 11
22 23 24 25       20 21 22
33 34 35       30 31 32 33
44 45       40 41 42 43 44
55       50 51 52 53 54 55

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of
the transpose of the first three columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of
the transpose of the last three columns of AP lower.
This covers the case N even and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

03 04 05                33 43 53
13 14 15                00 44 54
23 24 25                10 11 55
33 34 35                20 21 22
00 44 45                30 31 32
01 11 55                40 41 42
02 12 22                50 51 52

Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

03 13 23 33 00 01 02    33 00 10 20 30 40 50
04 14 24 34 44 11 12    43 44 11 21 31 41 51
05 15 25 35 45 55 22    53 54 55 22 32 42 52

We then consider Rectangular Full Packed (RFP) Format when N is
odd. We give an example where N = 5.

AP is Upper                 AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04              00
11 12 13 14              10 11
22 23 24              20 21 22
33 34              30 31 32 33
44              40 41 42 43 44

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of
the transpose of the first two columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of
the transpose of the last two columns of AP lower.
This covers the case N odd and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

02 03 04                00 33 43
12 13 14                10 11 44
22 23 24                20 21 22
00 33 34                30 31 32
01 11 44                40 41 42

Now let TRANSR = 'T'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

02 12 22 00 01             00 10 20 30 40 50
03 13 23 33 11             33 11 21 31 41 51
04 14 24 34 44             43 44 22 32 42 52```

Definition at line 190 of file spftri.f.

### subroutine zpftri (character transr, character uplo, integer n, complex*16, dimension( 0: * ) a, integer info)

ZPFTRI

Purpose:

``` ZPFTRI computes the inverse of a complex Hermitian positive definite
matrix A using the Cholesky factorization A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H
computed by ZPFTRF.```
Parameters

TRANSR

```          TRANSR is CHARACTER*1
= 'N':  The Normal TRANSR of RFP A is stored;
= 'C':  The Conjugate-transpose TRANSR of RFP A is stored.```

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

A

```          A is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension ( N*(N+1)/2 );
On entry, the Hermitian matrix A in RFP format. RFP format is
described by TRANSR, UPLO, and N as follows: If TRANSR = 'N'
then RFP A is (0:N,0:k-1) when N is even; k=N/2. RFP A is
(0:N-1,0:k) when N is odd; k=N/2. IF TRANSR = 'C' then RFP is
the Conjugate-transpose of RFP A as defined when
TRANSR = 'N'. The contents of RFP A are defined by UPLO as
follows: If UPLO = 'U' the RFP A contains the nt elements of
upper packed A. If UPLO = 'L' the RFP A contains the elements
of lower packed A. The LDA of RFP A is (N+1)/2 when TRANSR =
'C'. When TRANSR is 'N' the LDA is N+1 when N is even and N
is odd. See the Note below for more details.

On exit, the Hermitian inverse of the original matrix, in the
same storage format.```

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value
> 0:  if INFO = i, the (i,i) element of the factor U or L is
zero, and the inverse could not be computed.```
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Further Details:

```  We first consider Standard Packed Format when N is even.
We give an example where N = 6.

AP is Upper             AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04 05       00
11 12 13 14 15       10 11
22 23 24 25       20 21 22
33 34 35       30 31 32 33
44 45       40 41 42 43 44
55       50 51 52 53 54 55

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:5,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(4:6,0:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the first three columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(1:6,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:2,0:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the last three columns of AP lower.
To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the
case N even and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- --
03 04 05                33 43 53
-- --
13 14 15                00 44 54
--
23 24 25                10 11 55

33 34 35                20 21 22
--
00 44 45                30 31 32
-- --
01 11 55                40 41 42
-- -- --
02 12 22                50 51 52

Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate-
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- -- --
03 13 23 33 00 01 02    33 00 10 20 30 40 50
-- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- -- --
04 14 24 34 44 11 12    43 44 11 21 31 41 51
-- -- -- -- -- --                -- -- -- --
05 15 25 35 45 55 22    53 54 55 22 32 42 52

We next  consider Standard Packed Format when N is odd.
We give an example where N = 5.

AP is Upper                 AP is Lower

00 01 02 03 04              00
11 12 13 14              10 11
22 23 24              20 21 22
33 34              30 31 32 33
44              40 41 42 43 44

Let TRANSR = 'N'. RFP holds AP as follows:
For UPLO = 'U' the upper trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the last
three columns of AP upper. The lower triangle A(3:4,0:1) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the first two   columns of AP upper.
For UPLO = 'L' the lower trapezoid A(0:4,0:2) consists of the first
three columns of AP lower. The upper triangle A(0:1,1:2) consists of
conjugate-transpose of the last two   columns of AP lower.
To denote conjugate we place -- above the element. This covers the
case N odd  and TRANSR = 'N'.

RFP A                   RFP A

-- --
02 03 04                00 33 43
--
12 13 14                10 11 44

22 23 24                20 21 22
--
00 33 34                30 31 32
-- --
01 11 44                40 41 42

Now let TRANSR = 'C'. RFP A in both UPLO cases is just the conjugate-
transpose of RFP A above. One therefore gets:

RFP A                   RFP A

-- -- --                   -- -- -- -- -- --
02 12 22 00 01             00 10 20 30 40 50
-- -- -- --                   -- -- -- -- --
03 13 23 33 11             33 11 21 31 41 51
-- -- -- -- --                   -- -- -- --
04 14 24 34 44             43 44 22 32 42 52```

Definition at line 211 of file zpftri.f.

## Author

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## Info

Tue Nov 28 2023 12:08:43 Version 3.12.0 LAPACK