# pbsv - Man Page

pbsv: factor and solve

## Synopsis

### Functions

subroutine **cpbsv** (uplo, n, kd, nrhs, ab, ldab, b, ldb, info)

**CPBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

subroutine **dpbsv** (uplo, n, kd, nrhs, ab, ldab, b, ldb, info)

**DPBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

subroutine **spbsv** (uplo, n, kd, nrhs, ab, ldab, b, ldb, info)

**SPBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

subroutine **zpbsv** (uplo, n, kd, nrhs, ab, ldab, b, ldb, info)

**ZPBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

## Detailed Description

## Function Documentation

### subroutine cpbsv (character uplo, integer n, integer kd, integer nrhs, complex, dimension( ldab, * ) ab, integer ldab, complex, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, integer info)

**CPBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

**Purpose:**

CPBSV computes the solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B, where A is an N-by-N Hermitian positive definite band matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. The Cholesky decomposition is used to factor A as A = U**H * U, if UPLO = 'U', or A = L * L**H, if UPLO = 'L', where U is an upper triangular band matrix, and L is a lower triangular band matrix, with the same number of superdiagonals or subdiagonals as A. The factored form of A is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B.

**Parameters***UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.

*N*N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*KD*KD is INTEGER The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U', or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'. KD >= 0.

*NRHS*NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.

*AB*AB is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDAB,N) On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian band matrix A, stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: if UPLO = 'U', AB(KD+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KD)<=i<=j; if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(N,j+KD). See below for further details. On exit, if INFO = 0, the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H of the band matrix A, in the same storage format as A.

*LDAB*LDAB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= KD+1.

*B*B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.

*LDB*LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, the leading principal minor of order i of A is not positive, so the factorization could not be completed, and the solution has not been computed.

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

The band storage scheme is illustrated by the following example, when N = 6, KD = 2, and UPLO = 'U': On entry: On exit: * * a13 a24 a35 a46 * * u13 u24 u35 u46 * a12 a23 a34 a45 a56 * u12 u23 u34 u45 u56 a11 a22 a33 a44 a55 a66 u11 u22 u33 u44 u55 u66 Similarly, if UPLO = 'L' the format of A is as follows: On entry: On exit: a11 a22 a33 a44 a55 a66 l11 l22 l33 l44 l55 l66 a21 a32 a43 a54 a65 * l21 l32 l43 l54 l65 * a31 a42 a53 a64 * * l31 l42 l53 l64 * * Array elements marked * are not used by the routine.

Definition at line **163** of file **cpbsv.f**.

### subroutine dpbsv (character uplo, integer n, integer kd, integer nrhs, double precision, dimension( ldab, * ) ab, integer ldab, double precision, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, integer info)

**DPBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

**Purpose:**

DPBSV computes the solution to a real system of linear equations A * X = B, where A is an N-by-N symmetric positive definite band matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. The Cholesky decomposition is used to factor A as A = U**T * U, if UPLO = 'U', or A = L * L**T, if UPLO = 'L', where U is an upper triangular band matrix, and L is a lower triangular band matrix, with the same number of superdiagonals or subdiagonals as A. The factored form of A is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B.

**Parameters***UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.

*N*N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*KD*KD is INTEGER The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U', or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'. KD >= 0.

*NRHS*NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.

*AB*AB is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDAB,N) On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric band matrix A, stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: if UPLO = 'U', AB(KD+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KD)<=i<=j; if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(N,j+KD). See below for further details. On exit, if INFO = 0, the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T of the band matrix A, in the same storage format as A.

*LDAB*LDAB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= KD+1.

*B*B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.

*LDB*LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, the leading principal minor of order i of A is not positive, so the factorization could not be completed, and the solution has not been computed.

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

The band storage scheme is illustrated by the following example, when N = 6, KD = 2, and UPLO = 'U': On entry: On exit: * * a13 a24 a35 a46 * * u13 u24 u35 u46 * a12 a23 a34 a45 a56 * u12 u23 u34 u45 u56 a11 a22 a33 a44 a55 a66 u11 u22 u33 u44 u55 u66 Similarly, if UPLO = 'L' the format of A is as follows: On entry: On exit: a11 a22 a33 a44 a55 a66 l11 l22 l33 l44 l55 l66 a21 a32 a43 a54 a65 * l21 l32 l43 l54 l65 * a31 a42 a53 a64 * * l31 l42 l53 l64 * * Array elements marked * are not used by the routine.

Definition at line **163** of file **dpbsv.f**.

### subroutine spbsv (character uplo, integer n, integer kd, integer nrhs, real, dimension( ldab, * ) ab, integer ldab, real, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, integer info)

**SPBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

**Purpose:**

SPBSV computes the solution to a real system of linear equations A * X = B, where A is an N-by-N symmetric positive definite band matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. The Cholesky decomposition is used to factor A as A = U**T * U, if UPLO = 'U', or A = L * L**T, if UPLO = 'L', where U is an upper triangular band matrix, and L is a lower triangular band matrix, with the same number of superdiagonals or subdiagonals as A. The factored form of A is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B.

**Parameters***UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.

*N*N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*KD*KD is INTEGER The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U', or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'. KD >= 0.

*NRHS*NRHS is INTEGER The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns of the matrix B. NRHS >= 0.

*AB*AB is REAL array, dimension (LDAB,N) On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the symmetric band matrix A, stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: if UPLO = 'U', AB(KD+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KD)<=i<=j; if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(N,j+KD). See below for further details. On exit, if INFO = 0, the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T of the band matrix A, in the same storage format as A.

*LDAB*LDAB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= KD+1.

*B*B is REAL array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.

*LDB*LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

*INFO*INFO is INTEGER = 0: successful exit < 0: if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value > 0: if INFO = i, the leading principal minor of order i of A is not positive, so the factorization could not be completed, and the solution has not been computed.

**Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

The band storage scheme is illustrated by the following example, when N = 6, KD = 2, and UPLO = 'U': On entry: On exit: * * a13 a24 a35 a46 * * u13 u24 u35 u46 * a12 a23 a34 a45 a56 * u12 u23 u34 u45 u56 a11 a22 a33 a44 a55 a66 u11 u22 u33 u44 u55 u66 Similarly, if UPLO = 'L' the format of A is as follows: On entry: On exit: a11 a22 a33 a44 a55 a66 l11 l22 l33 l44 l55 l66 a21 a32 a43 a54 a65 * l21 l32 l43 l54 l65 * a31 a42 a53 a64 * * l31 l42 l53 l64 * * Array elements marked * are not used by the routine.

Definition at line **163** of file **spbsv.f**.

### subroutine zpbsv (character uplo, integer n, integer kd, integer nrhs, complex*16, dimension( ldab, * ) ab, integer ldab, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, integer info)

**ZPBSV computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices**

**Purpose:**

ZPBSV computes the solution to a complex system of linear equations A * X = B, where A is an N-by-N Hermitian positive definite band matrix and X and B are N-by-NRHS matrices. The Cholesky decomposition is used to factor A as A = U**H * U, if UPLO = 'U', or A = L * L**H, if UPLO = 'L', where U is an upper triangular band matrix, and L is a lower triangular band matrix, with the same number of superdiagonals or subdiagonals as A. The factored form of A is then used to solve the system of equations A * X = B.

**Parameters***UPLO*UPLO is CHARACTER*1 = 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored; = 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.

*N*N is INTEGER The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the matrix A. N >= 0.

*KD**NRHS**AB*AB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAB,N) On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian band matrix A, stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array. The j-th column of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows: if UPLO = 'U', AB(KD+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-KD)<=i<=j; if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(N,j+KD). See below for further details. On exit, if INFO = 0, the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization A = U**H *U or A = L*L**H of the band matrix A, in the same storage format as A.

*LDAB*LDAB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array AB. LDAB >= KD+1.

*B*B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS) On entry, the N-by-NRHS right hand side matrix B. On exit, if INFO = 0, the N-by-NRHS solution matrix X.

*LDB*LDB is INTEGER The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).

*INFO***Author**Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

Univ. of Colorado Denver

NAG Ltd.

**Further Details:**

Definition at line **163** of file **zpbsv.f**.

## Author

Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.