# pbrfs - Man Page

pbrfs: iterative refinement

## Synopsis

### Functions

subroutine cpbrfs (uplo, n, kd, nrhs, ab, ldab, afb, ldafb, b, ldb, x, ldx, ferr, berr, work, rwork, info)
CPBRFS
subroutine dpbrfs (uplo, n, kd, nrhs, ab, ldab, afb, ldafb, b, ldb, x, ldx, ferr, berr, work, iwork, info)
DPBRFS
subroutine spbrfs (uplo, n, kd, nrhs, ab, ldab, afb, ldafb, b, ldb, x, ldx, ferr, berr, work, iwork, info)
SPBRFS
subroutine zpbrfs (uplo, n, kd, nrhs, ab, ldab, afb, ldafb, b, ldb, x, ldx, ferr, berr, work, rwork, info)
ZPBRFS

## Function Documentation

### subroutine cpbrfs (character uplo, integer n, integer kd, integer nrhs, complex, dimension( ldab, * ) ab, integer ldab, complex, dimension( ldafb, * ) afb, integer ldafb, complex, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, complex, dimension( ldx, * ) x, integer ldx, real, dimension( * ) ferr, real, dimension( * ) berr, complex, dimension( * ) work, real, dimension( * ) rwork, integer info)

CPBRFS

Purpose:

``` CPBRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear
equations when the coefficient matrix is Hermitian positive definite
and banded, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates
for the solution.```
Parameters

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

KD

```          KD is INTEGER
The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U',
or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'.  KD >= 0.```

NRHS

```          NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrices B and X.  NRHS >= 0.```

AB

```          AB is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDAB,N)
The upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian band matrix A,
stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array.  The j-th column
of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AB(kd+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-kd)<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j)    = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(n,j+kd).```

LDAB

```          LDAB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AB.  LDAB >= KD+1.```

AFB

```          AFB is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDAFB,N)
The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization
A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H of the band matrix A as computed by
CPBTRF, in the same storage format as A (see AB).```

LDAFB

```          LDAFB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AFB.  LDAFB >= KD+1.```

B

```          B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).```

X

```          X is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by CPBTRS.
On exit, the improved solution matrix X.```

LDX

```          LDX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X.  LDX >= max(1,N).```

FERR

```          FERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
largest element in X(j).  The estimate is as reliable as
the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
overestimate of the true error.```

BERR

```          BERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).```

WORK

`          WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N)`

RWORK

`          RWORK is REAL array, dimension (N)`

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value```

Internal Parameters:

`  ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.`
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 187 of file cpbrfs.f.

### subroutine dpbrfs (character uplo, integer n, integer kd, integer nrhs, double precision, dimension( ldab, * ) ab, integer ldab, double precision, dimension( ldafb, * ) afb, integer ldafb, double precision, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, double precision, dimension( ldx, * ) x, integer ldx, double precision, dimension( * ) ferr, double precision, dimension( * ) berr, double precision, dimension( * ) work, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer info)

DPBRFS

Purpose:

``` DPBRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear
equations when the coefficient matrix is symmetric positive definite
and banded, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates
for the solution.```
Parameters

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

KD

```          KD is INTEGER
The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U',
or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'.  KD >= 0.```

NRHS

```          NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrices B and X.  NRHS >= 0.```

AB

```          AB is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDAB,N)
The upper or lower triangle of the symmetric band matrix A,
stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array.  The j-th column
of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AB(kd+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-kd)<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j)    = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(n,j+kd).```

LDAB

```          LDAB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AB.  LDAB >= KD+1.```

AFB

```          AFB is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDAFB,N)
The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization
A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T of the band matrix A as computed by
DPBTRF, in the same storage format as A (see AB).```

LDAFB

```          LDAFB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AFB.  LDAFB >= KD+1.```

B

```          B is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).```

X

```          X is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by DPBTRS.
On exit, the improved solution matrix X.```

LDX

```          LDX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X.  LDX >= max(1,N).```

FERR

```          FERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
largest element in X(j).  The estimate is as reliable as
the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
overestimate of the true error.```

BERR

```          BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).```

WORK

`          WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (3*N)`

IWORK

`          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (N)`

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value```

Internal Parameters:

`  ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.`
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 187 of file dpbrfs.f.

### subroutine spbrfs (character uplo, integer n, integer kd, integer nrhs, real, dimension( ldab, * ) ab, integer ldab, real, dimension( ldafb, * ) afb, integer ldafb, real, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, real, dimension( ldx, * ) x, integer ldx, real, dimension( * ) ferr, real, dimension( * ) berr, real, dimension( * ) work, integer, dimension( * ) iwork, integer info)

SPBRFS

Purpose:

``` SPBRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear
equations when the coefficient matrix is symmetric positive definite
and banded, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates
for the solution.```
Parameters

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

KD

```          KD is INTEGER
The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U',
or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'.  KD >= 0.```

NRHS

```          NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrices B and X.  NRHS >= 0.```

AB

```          AB is REAL array, dimension (LDAB,N)
The upper or lower triangle of the symmetric band matrix A,
stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array.  The j-th column
of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AB(kd+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-kd)<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j)    = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(n,j+kd).```

LDAB

```          LDAB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AB.  LDAB >= KD+1.```

AFB

```          AFB is REAL array, dimension (LDAFB,N)
The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization
A = U**T*U or A = L*L**T of the band matrix A as computed by
SPBTRF, in the same storage format as A (see AB).```

LDAFB

```          LDAFB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AFB.  LDAFB >= KD+1.```

B

```          B is REAL array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).```

X

```          X is REAL array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by SPBTRS.
On exit, the improved solution matrix X.```

LDX

```          LDX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X.  LDX >= max(1,N).```

FERR

```          FERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
largest element in X(j).  The estimate is as reliable as
the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
overestimate of the true error.```

BERR

```          BERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).```

WORK

`          WORK is REAL array, dimension (3*N)`

IWORK

`          IWORK is INTEGER array, dimension (N)`

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value```

Internal Parameters:

`  ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.`
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley

NAG Ltd.

Definition at line 187 of file spbrfs.f.

### subroutine zpbrfs (character uplo, integer n, integer kd, integer nrhs, complex*16, dimension( ldab, * ) ab, integer ldab, complex*16, dimension( ldafb, * ) afb, integer ldafb, complex*16, dimension( ldb, * ) b, integer ldb, complex*16, dimension( ldx, * ) x, integer ldx, double precision, dimension( * ) ferr, double precision, dimension( * ) berr, complex*16, dimension( * ) work, double precision, dimension( * ) rwork, integer info)

ZPBRFS

Purpose:

``` ZPBRFS improves the computed solution to a system of linear
equations when the coefficient matrix is Hermitian positive definite
and banded, and provides error bounds and backward error estimates
for the solution.```
Parameters

UPLO

```          UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U':  Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L':  Lower triangle of A is stored.```

N

```          N is INTEGER
The order of the matrix A.  N >= 0.```

KD

```          KD is INTEGER
The number of superdiagonals of the matrix A if UPLO = 'U',
or the number of subdiagonals if UPLO = 'L'.  KD >= 0.```

NRHS

```          NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrices B and X.  NRHS >= 0.```

AB

```          AB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAB,N)
The upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian band matrix A,
stored in the first KD+1 rows of the array.  The j-th column
of A is stored in the j-th column of the array AB as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AB(kd+1+i-j,j) = A(i,j) for max(1,j-kd)<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AB(1+i-j,j)    = A(i,j) for j<=i<=min(n,j+kd).```

LDAB

```          LDAB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AB.  LDAB >= KD+1.```

AFB

```          AFB is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDAFB,N)
The triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky factorization
A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H of the band matrix A as computed by
ZPBTRF, in the same storage format as A (see AB).```

LDAFB

```          LDAFB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array AFB.  LDAFB >= KD+1.```

B

```          B is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
The right hand side matrix B.```

LDB

```          LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B.  LDB >= max(1,N).```

X

```          X is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
On entry, the solution matrix X, as computed by ZPBTRS.
On exit, the improved solution matrix X.```

LDX

```          LDX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X.  LDX >= max(1,N).```

FERR

```          FERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
X(j) (the j-th column of the solution matrix X).
If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
element in (X(j) - XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
largest element in X(j).  The estimate is as reliable as
the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
overestimate of the true error.```

BERR

```          BERR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).```

WORK

`          WORK is COMPLEX*16 array, dimension (2*N)`

RWORK

`          RWORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)`

INFO

```          INFO is INTEGER
= 0:  successful exit
< 0:  if INFO = -i, the i-th argument had an illegal value```

Internal Parameters:

`  ITMAX is the maximum number of steps of iterative refinement.`
Author

Univ. of Tennessee

Univ. of California Berkeley