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packet.derunpack - Man Page

DER decoding module


Decode using ASN.1 DER (Distinguished Encoding Representation) ASN.1: Abstract Syntax Notation 1

This module does not completely decode all DER data types, the following is a list of supported data types in this implementation:
   Strings (OCTET STRING, PrintableString, etc.)


class DERunpack(packet.unpack.Unpack)

DER unpack object

    from packet.derunpack import DERunpack

    x = DERunpack(buffer)

    # Get the decoded object structure for the stream bytes in buffer
    obj = x.get_item()

    Where obj is of the form:
        obj = {
            application = {
                context-tag0 = int|list|dictionary,
                context-tag1 = int|list|dictionary,
                context-tagN = int|list|dictionary,

      For the following ASN.1 definition:
            id       [0] INTEGER,
            numbers  [1] SEQUENCE OF INTEGER,
            data     [2] SEQUENCE {
                -- NOTE: first tag is [1], not [0]
                type   [1] INTEGER,
                value  [2] PrintableString,

      Using the streamed bytes of the above ASN.1 definition,
      the following is returned by get_item():
        obj = {
            10 = {              # Application 10
                0: 53,          # id: context-tag=0, value=53
                1: [1,2,3],     # numbers: context-tag=1, value=[1,2,3]
                2: {            # data: context-tag=1, value=structure
                    1: 2,       # id: context-tag=1, value=2
                    2: "test",  # id: context-tag=2, value="test"

Methods defined here:

der_date(self, size)
Return a date time of type GeneralizedTime
Type GeneralizedTime takes values of the year, month, day, hour,
minute, second, and second fraction in any of following three forms:

Local time: "YYYYMMDDHH[MM[SS[.fff]]]"
Universal time (UTC): "YYYYMMDDHH[MM[SS[.fff]]]Z"
Difference between local and UTC times" "YYYYMMDDHH[MM[SS[.fff]]]+|-HHMM".

Where the optional fff is accurate to three decimal places

der_integer(self, size=None, unsigned=False)
Return an integer given the size of the integer in bytes

    Number of bytes for the integer, if this option is not given
    the method get_size() is used to get the size of the integer
    Usually an unsigned integer is encoded with a leading byte
    of all zeros but when decoding data of BIT_STRING type all
    decoded bytes must be unsigned so they can be concatenated

der_oid(self, size)
Return an object identifier (OID)

get_item(self, oid=None)
Get item from the byte stream using TLV
This is a recursive function where the tag and length are decoded
and then this function is called to get the value if tag is one of
primitive or non-constructed types.

Calling this method right after instantiation of the object will
decode the whole ASN.1 representation

Get the size of element (length in TLV)

Short form: bit8=0, one octet, length given by bits 7-1 (0-127)
Long form:  bit8=1, 2-127 octet, bits 7-1 give number of length

  Short form (bit8=0):
    0x0f (0b00001111): length is 0x0f (15)
  Long form (bit8=1 of first byte):
    0x820123 (0b100000100000000100100011):
    length is given by the next 2 bytes (first 7-1 bits 0x02)
    Next two bytes gives the length 0x0123 = 291

Get the tag along with the tag class and form or P/C bit

The first byte(s) of the TLV (Type, Length, Value) is the type
which has the following format:
  First byte:
    bits 8-7: tag class
    bit 6:    form or P/C (Constructed if bit is set)
    bits 5-1: tag number (0-30)
              if all bits are 1's (decimal 31) then one or more
              bytes are required for the tag

  If bits 5-1 are all 1's in the first byte, the tag is given
  in the following bytes:
  Extra byes for tag:
    bit 8:    next byte is part of tag
    bits 7-1: tag bits

  0xa1 (0b10100001): Short form
    tag class: 0b10 = 2 (CONTEXT)
    P/C:       0b0  = 0 (not constructed)

  0x1f8107 (0b000111111000000100000111): Long form
    tag class: 0b00 = 0 (UNIVERSAL -- standard tag)
    P/C:       0b0  = 0 (not constructed)
    tag:   0b11111 = 31 (tag is given in following bytes)
    First extra byte: 0x81 (0b10000001)
      bit8=1  : there is an extra byte after this
      bits 7-1: 0b0000001 (0x01 most significant 7 bits of tag)
    Second extra byte: 0x07 (0b00000111)
      bit8=1  : this is the last byte
      bits 7-1: 0b0000111 (0x07 least significant 7 bits of tag)
    Tag number: big-endian bits from extra bytes (7 bits each)
               14 bits: 0x0087 (0x01 << 7 + 0x07) = 135

See Also



No known bugs.


Jorge Mora (mora@netapp.com)

Referenced By

packet.application.gss(3), packet.application.krb5(3).

21 March 2023 NFStest 3.2 derunpack 1.0