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odbx_query - Man Page

Send a statement to the database server


#include <opendbx/api.h>

int odbx_query (odbx_t* handle, const char* stmt, unsigned long length);


Sends the given statement to the database server associated to handle by odbx_init() for execution. The statement can contain non-displayable characters as arguments in conditions but they have to be escaped via odbx_escape() before adding them to the statement. Even more, every argument whose source is not controlled by the programmer must be escaped first to avoid SQL injection attacks to avoid serious harm!

After invoking odbx_query(), one or more result sets will be sent back by the server and are available via odbx_result(). Before these sets aren't processed by calling odbx_row_fetch(), no other queries can be sent to the database server. Otherwise, odbx_query() will return a backend error from the native database library.

The first parameter handle is the connection object created and returned by odbx_init() which becomes invalid as soon as it was supplied to odbx_finish().

The statement stored in the stmt parameter must be a valid statement understood by the receiving database server and it should be terminated by a \0 character. Some backends support multiple statements per query, which can be tested by calling odbx_get_option().

The length parameter must contain the length of the statement in bytes without the terminating \0 character. If variable sized character sets like UTF-8 are used, the same rule applies. This function doesn't support the wide character type (wchar_t) which uses two or four bytes per character. If you feed 0 (zero) as length parameter to the function, it will calculate the size of the statement on its own.

Return Value

odbx_query() returns ODBX_ERR_SUCCESS, or an error code whose value is less than zero if one of the operations couldn't be completed successfully. Possible error codes are listed in the error section and they can be feed to odbx_error() and odbx_error_type() to get further details.



The native database library returned an error because it wasn't able to handle the statement correctly


Either handle or stmt are NULL or handle is invalid


Allocating the required memory for the statement failed

See Also

odbx_error(), odbx_error_type(), odbx_escape(), odbx_result()

Referenced By

odbx_bind(3), odbx_escape(3).

20 July 2023 OpenDBX