nn_socket - Man Page

create an SP socket


#include <nanomsg/nn.h>

int nn_socket (int domain, int protocol);


Creates an SP socket with specified domain and protocol. Returns a file descriptor for the newly created socket.

Following domains are defined at the moment:


Standard full-blown SP socket.


Raw SP socket. Raw sockets omit the end-to-end functionality found in AF_SP sockets and thus can be used to implement intermediary devices in SP topologies.

protocol parameter defines the type of the socket, which in turn determines the exact semantics of the socket. Check manual pages for individual SP protocols to get the list of available socket types.

The newly created socket is initially not associated with any endpoints. In order to establish a message flow at least one endpoint has to be added to the socket using nn_bind(3) or nn_connect(3) function.

Also note that type argument as found in standard socket(2) function is omitted from nn_socket. All the SP sockets are message-based and thus of SOCK_SEQPACKET type.

Return Value

If the function succeeds file descriptor of the new socket is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to to one of the values defined below.

Note that file descriptors returned by nn_socket function are not standard file descriptors and will exhibit undefined behaviour when used with system functions. Moreover, it may happen that a system file descriptor and file descriptor of an SP socket will incidentally collide (be equal).



Specified address family is not supported.


Unknown protocol.


The limit on the total number of open SP sockets or OS limit for file descriptors has been reached.


The library is terminating.


int s = nn_socket (AF_SP, NN_PUB);
assert (s >= 0);

See Also

nn_pubsub(7) nn_reqrep(7) nn_pipeline(7) nn_survey(7) nn_bus(7) nn_bind(3) nn_connect(3) nn_close(3) nanomsg(7)


Martin Sustrik

Referenced By

nanomsg(7), nn_bind(3), nn_close(3), nn_connect(3), nn_device(3), nn_getsockopt(3), nn_poll(3), nn_recv(3), nn_send(3), nn_setsockopt(3), nn_shutdown(3), nn_term(3).

2024-01-25 nanomsg 1.1.5