nextafter man page

nextafter, nextafterf, nextafterl, nexttoward, nexttowardf, nexttowardl — floating-point number manipulation


#include <math.h>

double nextafter(double x, double y);
float nextafterf(float x, float y);
long double nextafterl(long double x, long double y);

double nexttoward(double x, long double y);
float nexttowardf(float x, long double y);
long double nexttowardl(long double x, long double y);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):


   || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
   || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
   || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

nextafterf(), nextafterl():

   || /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
   || /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), nexttowardl():

_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L


The nextafter(), nextafterf(), and nextafterl() functions return the next representable floating-point value following x in the direction of y. If y is less than x, these functions will return the largest representable number less than x.

If x equals y, the functions return y.

The nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), and nexttowardl() functions do the same as the corresponding nextafter() functions, except that they have a long double second argument.

Return Value

On success, these functions return the next representable floating-point value after x in the direction of y.

If x equals y, then y (cast to the same type as x) is returned.

If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is finite, and the result would overflow, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the correct mathematical sign.

If x is not equal to y, and the correct function result would be subnormal, zero, or underflow, a range error occurs, and either the correct value (if it can be represented), or 0.0, is returned.


See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Range error: result overflow

An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.

Range error: result is subnormal or underflows

An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

These functions do not set errno.


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

Interface Attribute Value
nextafter(), nextafterf(),
nextafterl(), nexttoward(),
nexttowardf(), nexttowardl()
Thread safety MT-Safe

Conforming to

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008. This function is defined in IEC 559 (and the appendix with recommended functions in IEEE 754/IEEE 854).


In glibc version 2.5 and earlier, these functions do not raise an underflow floating-point (FE_UNDERFLOW) exception when an underflow occurs.

See Also



This page is part of release 4.10 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at

Referenced By


nextafterf(3), nextafterl(3), nexttoward(3), nexttowardf(3) and nexttowardl(3) are aliases of nextafter(3).

2016-03-15 GNU Linux Programmer's Manual