nextafter man page

nextafter, nextafterf, nextafterl, nexttoward, nexttowardf, nexttowardl — floating-point number manipulation


#include <math.h>

double nextafter(double x, double y);
float nextafterf(float x, float y);
long double nextafterl(long double x, long double y);

double nexttoward(double x, long double y);
float nexttowardf(float x, long double y);
long double nexttowardl(long double x, long double y);

Link with -lm.

Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):


|| _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

nextafterf(), nextafterl():

|| /* Since glibc 2.19: */ _DEFAULT_SOURCE
|| /* Glibc versions <= 2.19: */ _BSD_SOURCE || _SVID_SOURCE

nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), nexttowardl():

_XOPEN_SOURCE >= 600 || _ISOC99_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L


The nextafter(), nextafterf(), and nextafterl() functions return the next representable floating-point value following x in the direction of y. If y is less than x, these functions will return the largest representable number less than x.

If x equals y, the functions return y.

The nexttoward(), nexttowardf(), and nexttowardl() functions do the same as the corresponding nextafter() functions, except that they have a long double second argument.

Return Value

On success, these functions return the next representable floating-point value after x in the direction of y.

If x equals y, then y (cast to the same type as x) is returned.

If x or y is a NaN, a NaN is returned.

If x is finite, and the result would overflow, a range error occurs, and the functions return HUGE_VAL, HUGE_VALF, or HUGE_VALL, respectively, with the correct mathematical sign.

If x is not equal to y, and the correct function result would be subnormal, zero, or underflow, a range error occurs, and either the correct value (if it can be represented), or 0.0, is returned.


See math_error(7) for information on how to determine whether an error has occurred when calling these functions.

The following errors can occur:

Range error: result overflow
An overflow floating-point exception (FE_OVERFLOW) is raised.
Range error: result is subnormal or underflows
An underflow floating-point exception (FE_UNDERFLOW) is raised.

These functions do not set errno.


For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7).

nextafter(), nextafterf(),
nextafterl(), nexttoward(),
nexttowardf(), nexttowardl()
Thread safetyMT-Safe

Conforming to

C99, POSIX.1-2001, POSIX.1-2008. This function is defined in IEC 559 (and the appendix with recommended functions in IEEE 754/IEEE 854).


In glibc version 2.5 and earlier, these functions do not raise an underflow floating-point (FE_UNDERFLOW) exception when an underflow occurs.

See Also


Referenced By


Explore man page connections for nextafter(3).

nextafterf(3), nextafterl(3), nexttoward(3), nexttowardf(3) and nexttowardl(3) are aliases of nextafter(3).