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nbd_zero - Man Page

send write zeroes command to the NBD server


 #include <libnbd.h>

 int nbd_zero (
       struct nbd_handle *h, uint64_t count,
       uint64_t offset, uint32_t flags


Issue a write zeroes command to the NBD server, which if supported by the server causes a zeroes to be written efficiently starting at offset and ending at offset + count - 1. The call returns when the command has been acknowledged by the server, or there is an error.  Note this will generally return an error if nbd_can_zero(3) is false or nbd_is_read_only(3) is true.

Note that not all servers can support a count of 4GiB or larger; nbd_get_extended_headers_negotiated(3) indicates which servers will parse a request larger than 32 bits. The NBD protocol does not yet have a way for a client to learn if the server will enforce an even smaller maximum zero size, although a future extension may add a constraint visible in nbd_get_block_size(3).  Also, some servers may permit a larger zero request only when the LIBNBD_CMD_FLAG_FAST_ZERO is in use.

The flags parameter may be 0 for no flags, or may contain LIBNBD_CMD_FLAG_FUA meaning that the server should not return until the data has been committed to permanent storage (if that is supported - some servers cannot do this, see nbd_can_fua(3)), LIBNBD_CMD_FLAG_NO_HOLE meaning that the server should favor writing actual allocated zeroes over punching a hole, and/or LIBNBD_CMD_FLAG_FAST_ZERO meaning that the server must fail quickly if writing zeroes is no faster than a normal write (if that is supported - some servers cannot do this, see nbd_can_fast_zero(3)).

By default, libnbd will reject attempts to use this function with parameters that are likely to result in server failure, such as requesting an unknown command flag.  The nbd_set_strict_mode(3) function can be used to alter which scenarios should await a server reply rather than failing fast.

Return Value

If the call is successful the function returns 0.


On error -1 is returned.

Refer to "ERROR HANDLING" in libnbd(3) for how to get further details of the error.

The following parameters must not be NULL: h. For more information see "Non-NULL parameters" in libnbd(3).

Handle State

nbd_zero can be called when the handle is in the following state:

 │ Handle created, before connecting   │ ❌ error                │
 │ Connecting                          │ ❌ error                │
 │ Connecting & handshaking (opt_mode) │ ❌ error                │
 │ Connected to the server             │ ✅ allowed              │
 │ Connection shut down                │ ❌ error                │
 │ Handle dead                         │ ❌ error                │


This function first appeared in libnbd 1.0.

If you need to test if this function is available at compile time check if the following macro is defined:


See Also

nbd_aio_zero(3), nbd_can_fast_zero(3), nbd_can_fua(3), nbd_can_zero(3), nbd_create(3), nbd_get_block_size(3), nbd_get_extended_headers_negotiated(3), nbd_is_read_only(3), nbd_set_strict_mode(3), libnbd(3).


Eric Blake

Richard W.M. Jones


This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

Referenced By

libnbd(3), NBD(3), nbd_aio_zero(3), nbd_can_fast_zero(3), nbd_can_fua(3), nbd_can_zero(3), nbd_get_block_size(3), nbd_get_extended_headers_negotiated(3), nbd_set_request_extended_headers(3).

2024-06-25 libnbd-1.21.1