nbd_opt_abort - Man Page

end negotiation and close the connection

Synopsis

 #include <libnbd.h>

 int nbd_opt_abort (
       struct nbd_handle *h
     );

Description

Request that the server finish negotiation, gracefully if possible, then close the connection.  This can only be used if nbd_set_opt_mode(3) enabled option mode.

Return Value

If the call is successful the function returns 0.

Errors

On error -1 is returned.

Refer to "ERROR HANDLING" in libnbd(3) for how to get further details of the error.

The following parameters must not be NULL: h. For more information see "Non-NULL parameters" in libnbd(3).

Handle State

nbd_opt_abort can be called when the handle is in the following state:

 ┌─────────────────────────────────────┬─────────────────────────┐
 │ Handle created, before connecting   │ ❌ error                │
 │ Connecting                          │ ❌ error                │
 │ Connecting & handshaking (opt_mode) │ ✅ allowed              │
 │ Connected to the server             │ ❌ error                │
 │ Connection shut down                │ ❌ error                │
 │ Handle dead                         │ ❌ error                │
 └─────────────────────────────────────┴─────────────────────────┘

Version

This function first appeared in libnbd 1.4.

If you need to test if this function is available at compile time check if the following macro is defined:

 #define LIBNBD_HAVE_NBD_OPT_ABORT 1

Example

This example is also available as examples/list-exports.c in the libnbd source code.

 /* This example shows how to list NBD exports.
  *
  * To test this with qemu-nbd:
  *   $ qemu-nbd -x "hello" -t -k /tmp/sock disk.img
  *   $ ./run examples/list-exports /tmp/sock
  *   [0] hello
  *   Which export to connect to (-1 to quit)? 0
  *   Connecting to hello ...
  *   /tmp/sock: hello: size = 2048 bytes
  *
  * To test this with nbdkit (requires 1.22):
  *   $ nbdkit -U /tmp/sock sh - <<\EOF
  *   case $1 in
  *     list_exports) echo NAMES; echo foo; echo foobar ;;
  *     open) echo "$3" ;;
  *     get_size) echo "$2" | wc -c ;;
  *     pread) echo "$2" | dd bs=1 skip=$4 count=$3 ;;
  *     *) exit 2 ;;
  *   esac
  *   EOF
  *   $ ./run examples/list-exports /tmp/sock
  *   [0] foo
  *   [1] foobar
  *   Which export to connect to (-1 to quit)? 1
  *   Connecting to foobar ...
  *   /tmp/sock: foobar: size = 7 bytes
  */

 #include <stdio.h>
 #include <stdlib.h>
 #include <stdint.h>
 #include <string.h>
 #include <inttypes.h>
 #include <errno.h>

 #include <libnbd.h>

 struct export_list {
   int i;
   char **names;
 };

 /* Callback function for nbd_opt_list */
 static int
 list_one (void *opaque, const char *name,
           const char *description)
 {
   struct export_list *l = opaque;
   char **names;

   printf ("[%d] %s\n", l->i, name);
   if (*description)
     printf ("  (%s)\n", description);
   names = realloc (l->names,
                    (l->i + 1) * sizeof *names);
   if (!names) {
     perror ("realloc");
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
   names[l->i] = strdup (name);
   if (!names[l->i]) {
     perror ("strdup");
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
   l->names = names;
   l->i++;
   return 0;
 }

 int
 main (int argc, char *argv[])
 {
   struct nbd_handle *nbd;
   int i;
   const char *name;
   int64_t size;
   struct export_list list = { 0 };

   if (argc != 2) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s socket\n", argv[0]);
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }

   /* Create the libnbd handle. */
   nbd = nbd_create ();
   if (nbd == NULL) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }

   /* Set opt mode. */
   nbd_set_opt_mode (nbd, true);

   /* Connect to the NBD server over a
    * Unix domain socket.  If we did not
    * end up in option mode, then a
    * listing is not possible.
    */
   if (nbd_connect_unix (nbd, argv[1]) == -1) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
   if (!nbd_aio_is_negotiating (nbd)) {
     fprintf (stderr, "Server does not support "
              "listing exports.\n");
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }

   /* Print the export list. */
   if (nbd_opt_list (nbd,
                     (nbd_list_callback) {
                       .callback = list_one,
                       .user_data = &list, }) == -1) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }

   /* Display the list of exports. */
   printf ("Which export to connect to? ");
   if (scanf ("%d", &i) != 1) exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   if (i == -1) {
     if (nbd_opt_abort (nbd) == -1) {
       fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
       exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
     }
     nbd_close (nbd);
     exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
   }
   if (i < 0 || i >= list.i) {
     fprintf (stderr, "index %d out of range", i);
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
   name = list.names[i];
   printf ("Connecting to %s ...\n", name);

   /* Resume connecting to the chosen export. */
   if (nbd_set_export_name (nbd, name) == -1 ||
       nbd_opt_go (nbd) == -1) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
   if (!nbd_aio_is_ready (nbd)) {
     fprintf (stderr, "server closed early\n");
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }

   /* Read the size in bytes and print it. */
   size = nbd_get_size (nbd);
   if (size == -1) {
     fprintf (stderr, "%s\n", nbd_get_error ());
     exit (EXIT_FAILURE);
   }
   printf ("%s: %s: size = %" PRIi64 " bytes\n",
           argv[1], name, size);

   /* Close the libnbd handle. */
   nbd_close (nbd);

   for (i = 0; i < list.i; i++)
     free (list.names[i]);
   free (list.names);

   exit (EXIT_SUCCESS);
 }

See Also

nbd_aio_opt_abort(3), nbd_create(3), nbd_opt_go(3), nbd_set_opt_mode(3), libnbd(3).

Authors

Eric Blake

Richard W.M. Jones

License

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU Lesser General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA

Referenced By

libnbd(3), libnbd-release-notes-1.4(1), NBD(3), nbd_aio_opt_abort(3), nbd_opt_go(3), nbd_set_opt_mode(3).

2024-02-17 libnbd-1.19.7