munge man page

munge_encode, munge_decode, munge_strerror — MUNGE core functions


#include <munge.h>

munge_err_t munge_encode (char **cred, munge_ctx_t ctx,
                          const void *buf, int len);

munge_err_t munge_decode (const char *cred, munge_ctx_t ctx,
                          void **buf, int *len, uid_t *uid, gid_t *gid);

const char * munge_strerror (munge_err_t e);

cc `pkg-config --cflags --libs munge` -o foo foo.c


The munge_encode() function creates a credential contained in a NUL-terminated base64 string.  A payload specified by a buffer buf of length len can be encapsulated in as well.  If the MUNGE context ctx is NULL, the default context will be used.  A pointer to the resulting credential is returned via cred; on error, it is set to NULL. The caller is responsible for freeing the memory referenced by cred.

The munge_decode() function validates the NUL-terminated credential cred.  If the MUNGE context ctx is not NULL, it will be set to that used to encode the credential.  If buf and len are not NULL, memory will be allocated for the encapsulated payload, buf will be set to point to this data, and len will be set to its length.  An additional NUL character will be appended to this payload data but not included in its length.  If no payload exists, buf will be set to NULL and len will be set to 0.  For certain errors (i.e., EMUNGE_CRED_EXPIRED, EMUNGE_CRED_REWOUND, EMUNGE_CRED_REPLAYED), payload memory will still be allocated if necessary.  The caller is responsible for freeing the memory referenced by buf.  If uid or gid is not NULL, they will be set to the UID/GID of the process that created the credential.

The munge_strerror() function returns a descriptive text string describing the MUNGE error number e.

Return Value

The munge_encode() and munge_decode() functions return EMUNGE_SUCCESS on success, or a MUNGE error otherwise.  If a MUNGE context was used, it may contain a more detailed error message accessible via munge_ctx_strerror().

The munge_strerror() function returns a pointer to a NUL-terminated constant text string; this string should not be freed or modified by the caller.





Internal error.


Invalid argument.


Exceeded the maximum message length as specified by the munged configuration.


Exceeded the maximum length of a buffer.


Unable to allocate the requisite memory.


Unable to communicate with the daemon on the domain socket.


The credential does not match the specified format.


The credential contains an unsupported version number.


The credential contains an unsupported cipher type.


The credential contains an unsupported MAC type.


The credential contains an unsupported compression type.


The credential contains an unrecognized security realm.


The credential is invalid.  This means the credential could not be successfully decoded.  More than likely, the secret keys on the encoding and decoding hosts do not match.  Another possibility is that the credential has been altered since it was encoded.


The credential has expired.  This means more than TTL seconds have elapsed since the credential was encoded.  Another possibility is that the clocks on the encoding and decoding hosts are out of sync.


The credential appears to have been encoded at some point in the future. This means the clock on the decoding host is slower than that of the encoding host by more than the allowable clock skew.  More than likely, the clocks on the encoding and decoding hosts are out of sync.


The credential has been previously decoded on this host.


The client is not authorized to decode the credential based upon the effective user and/or group ID of the process.


The following example program illustrates the use of a MUNGE credential to ascertain the effective user and group ID of the encoding process.

#include <stdio.h>                      /* for printf() */
#include <stdlib.h>                     /* for exit() & free() */
#include <unistd.h>                     /* for uid_t & gid_t */
#include <munge.h>

main (int argc, char *argv[])
    char        *cred;
    munge_err_t  err;
    uid_t        uid;
    gid_t        gid;

    err = munge_encode (&cred, NULL, NULL, 0);

    if (err != EMUNGE_SUCCESS) {
        fprintf (stderr, "ERROR: %s\n", munge_strerror (err));
        exit (1);
    err = munge_decode (cred, NULL, NULL, NULL, &uid, &gid);

    if (err != EMUNGE_SUCCESS) {
        fprintf (stderr, "ERROR: %s\n", munge_strerror (err));
        exit (1);
    printf ("uid=%d gid=%d\n", uid, gid);
    free (cred);
    exit (0);


Both munge_encode() and munge_decode() may allocate memory that the caller is responsible for freeing.  Failure to do so will result in a memory leak.


Chris Dunlap <>

See Also

munge(1), remunge(1), unmunge(1), munge_ctx(3), munge_enum(3), munge(7), munged(8).

Referenced By

munge(1), munge(7), munge_ctx(3), munged(8), munge_enum(3), remunge(1), unmunge(1).

2016-02-25 munge-0.5.12 MUNGE Uid 'N' Gid Emporium